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Bamboo: An engineered alternative for buildings in the global South

Zea Escamilla, Edwin; Archilla, Hector; Addissie Nuramo, Denamo; Trujillo, David


Edwin Zea Escamilla

Denamo Addissie Nuramo

David Trujillo


Manuel Correia Guedes

Gustavo Cantuaria


Bamboo is the only Graminea adapted to the life as forest. Bamboos can be found around the globe and are naturally occurring in Africa, America and Asia in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas around the equator. Bamboos are giant grasses that propagate rapidly by the expansion of underground rhizomes. In general, bamboos are known for their rapid growth with a rate of up to 25 cm/day in certain species of woody bamboos such as Guadua angustifolia Kunth (bamboo). Although there are some species of solid bamboos, morphologically bamboo can be generally described as a hollow tapered tube (culm), with internodes separated by nodes, which is supported by an intricate rhizome system (Fig. 15.1). The culm is the main organ of the aerial part of bamboos, which is also comprised of branches, sheaths and foliage leaves, with flowering occurs sporadically. The rhizome and culm neck form the subterranean part. Culms store about 80% of the carbohydrates required by young plants for their growth, whilst rhizomes store the remaining 20%.


Zea Escamilla, E., Archilla, H., Addissie Nuramo, D., & Trujillo, D. (2019). Bamboo: An engineered alternative for buildings in the global South. In M. Correia Guedes, & G. Cantuaria (Eds.), Bioclimatic Architecture in Warm Climates (397-414). Springer.

Publication Date May 1, 2019
Deposit Date May 9, 2019
Publicly Available Date May 2, 2021
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 397-414
Book Title Bioclimatic Architecture in Warm Climates
ISBN 9783030120351
Keywords bamboo, engineered bamboo products, bamboo engineering, non wood forest products, Guadua, scrimber, bio-based products, natural materials, Africa
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Corporate Creators : Amphibia BASE Ltd, UK, Centre for corporate responsibility and sustainability at University of Zürich, Switzerland, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopian Institute of Architecture Building Construction and City Development. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia., School of Energy, Construction and Environment, Coventry University, UK


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