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Development of integrated demand and supply side management strategy of multi-energy system for residential building application

Luo, X. J.; Fong, K. F.


Xiaojun Luo
Research Fellow - Evolutionary Computing and Optimisation

K. F. Fong


© 2019 Elsevier Ltd The multi-energy system that contains the highly coupled energy supply equipment units can be adopted to simultaneously satisfy the cooling, heating and electrical energy demands. Owing to the complex nature of multiple supplies and demands, an integrated demand and supply side management strategy was proposed for aligning the system operation and building energy demands. The proposed strategy included three core algorithms: demand side rolling optimization, supply side rolling optimization and feedback correction. Demand and supply side rolling optimizations were simultaneously implemented to determine the schedulable appliances and operating capacities of energy supply equipment units over the next 24-h planning horizon. Feedback correction was involved for continual modification on any discrepancy between various actual and predicted energy demands. In this study, a trigeneration system primed with solid oxide fuel cell-gas turbine was designed as the multi-energy system to serve a high-rise apartment building with electric cars. It was found that the primary energy consumption, the design capacity of the prime mover and the capacity of electricity storage would be decreased by 8.75%, 10% and 43% respectively through the integrated demand and supply side management strategy. It was also noted that electric cars played important roles in effective demand side management.


Luo, X. J., & Fong, K. F. (2019). Development of integrated demand and supply side management strategy of multi-energy system for residential building application. Applied Energy, 242, 570-587.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 14, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 19, 2019
Publication Date May 15, 2019
Deposit Date Apr 9, 2019
Publicly Available Date Mar 20, 2020
Journal Applied Energy
Print ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 242
Pages 570-587
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published version is available here:


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