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Utilising cognitive bias modification to remedy appearance and self-worth biases in eating disorder psychopathology: A systematic review

Matheson, Emily; Wade, Tracey D.; Yiend, Jenny

Authors

Tracey D. Wade

Jenny Yiend



Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Background and objectives: This study systematically reviewed the impact of Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) on biases related to attention (CBM-A) and interpretation (CBM-I) for appearance and self-worth stimuli and the subsequent impact on eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. Method: The current review was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), with 12 studies meeting inclusion criteria (CBM-A n = 5; CBM-I n = 7). Results: The literature provides preliminary support for CBM-A and CBM-I efficacy in eliciting bias change in varying degrees of psychopathology (Cohen's d ranging between −1.67 and 1.34; 9 studies reflected improved bias, and 3 reflected no change or did not assess), while highlighting the less robust effects associated with improving ED psychopathology (d ranging between −1.30 and 0.61; 5 studies reflected symptom improvement, and 7 reflected no change or did not assess). Limitations: The review only considered peer reviewed research and did not report on the findings of unpublished data; thus, the current findings may not provide an accurate representation of CBM in EDs. Conclusions: The current findings highlight the potential of CBM as an adjunct intervention for EDs; however the limited number of investigations and high degree of heterogeneity across the included studies impedes on the generalisability of the findings.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date Dec 1, 2019
Journal Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Print ISSN 0005-7916
Electronic ISSN 1873-7943
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 65
APA6 Citation Matheson, E., Wade, T. D., & Yiend, J. (2019). Utilising cognitive bias modification to remedy appearance and self-worth biases in eating disorder psychopathology: A systematic review. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 65, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101482
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101482
Keywords cognitive bias modification, body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, attention, review, body image
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101482
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the accepted manuscript. The published version of this articvle can be found at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101482

This file is under embargo due to copyright reasons.






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