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A biologically inspired network design model

Zhang, Xiaoge; Adamatzky, Andrew; Chan, Felix T.S.; Deng, Yong; Yang, Hai; Yang, Xin She; Tsompanas, Michail Antisthenis I.; Sirakoulis, Georgios Ch; Mahadevan, Sankaran


Xiaoge Zhang

Felix T.S. Chan

Yong Deng

Hai Yang

Xin She Yang

Georgios Ch Sirakoulis

Sankaran Mahadevan


A network design problem is to select a subset of links in a transport network that satisfy passengers or cargo transportation demands while minimizing the overall costs of the transportation. We propose a mathematical model of the foraging behaviour of slime mould P. polycephalum to solve the network design problem and construct optimal transport networks. In our algorithm, a traffic flow between any two cities is estimated using a gravity model. The flow is imitated by the model of the slime mould. The algorithm model converges to a steady state, which represents a solution of the problem. We validate our approach on examples of major transport networks in Mexico and China. By comparing networks developed in our approach with the man-made highways, networks developed by the slime mould, and a cellular automata model inspired by slime mould, we demonstrate the flexibility and efficiency of our approach.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 4, 2015
Journal Scientific Reports
Electronic ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher Nature Research (part of Springer Nature)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
APA6 Citation Sirakoulis, G. C., Tsompanas, M. A. I., Zhang, X., Adamatzky, A., Chan, F. T., Deng, Y., …Mahadevan, S. (2015). A biologically inspired network design model. Scientific Reports, 5,
Keywords networks, optimization, slime mould, bio-inspired
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