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Evaluating a methodology for providing individualised feedback on quality of life and its importance in community and primary care, using the WHOQOL-BREF

Llewellyn, Alison; Skevington, Suzanne

Evaluating a methodology for providing individualised feedback on quality of life and its importance in community and primary care, using the WHOQOL-BREF Thumbnail


Authors

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Alison Llewellyn Alison.Llewellyn@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Clinical Research

Suzanne Skevington



Abstract

AIMS
Research suggests that wellbeing is at its lowest when individuals’ quality of life (QoL) dimensions are rated poor and also very important. We aimed to find out how people evaluated guided individualised feedback when a graphical profile of subjective QoL dimensions and their perceived importance was presented. The study examined whether this novel feedback was considered relevant and valued in self-management and healthcare.
METHODS
In this mixed-methods cross-sectional pilot study we recruited participants from the community and primary care, targeting 70% with a chronic illness and 30% healthy. The multidimensional WHOQOL-BREF and WHOOL-BREF Importance measures were completed by 129 participants. Inspecting their results presented together, they used directed guidance to identify and interpret graphed differences between the 25 QoL dimensions and their respective importance. Evaluative ratings and written comments appraised the feedback. At follow up, relevance to healthcare was explored with a subgroup from amongst those who found the feedback helpful.
RESULTS
Following feedback, 65% of participants reported changes in thoughts and perceptions of QoL. They described new insights, interpreting these as self-affirming. Goals or expectations changed for 34%, with increasing motivation to change reported. Over 50% evaluated the feedback as helpful, in the short tem or for the future. Follow up in-depth interviews showed participants valued the feedback process; 92% acknowledged its usefulness in sharing information with a healthcare professional. Participants suggested it would facilitate communications, and would help health professionals to treat them with greater understanding and relevance. They also expressed a desire for health professionals to use these understandings in providing targeted health advice and support.
CONCLUSIONS
To capitalize on the benefits of individualised, comprehensive guided feedback, this pilot complex intervention needs testing in a fully randomised controlled trial. Our innovative feedback mechanism, whereby self-rated QoL is presented alongside its importance, has value beyond self-monitoring. It has potential to promote individual behavior change and could support clinical decision-making and patient self-management in a variety of health and social care settings.

Citation

Llewellyn, A., & Skevington, S. (2015, October). Evaluating a methodology for providing individualised feedback on quality of life and its importance in community and primary care, using the WHOQOL-BREF. Poster presented at International Society for Quality of Life Research 22nd Annual Conference, Vancouver, Canada

Presentation Conference Type Poster
Conference Name International Society for Quality of Life Research 22nd Annual Conference
Conference Location Vancouver, Canada
Start Date Oct 21, 2015
End Date Oct 14, 2015
Acceptance Date Jun 10, 2015
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jun 6, 2019
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords quality of life, feedback, WHOQOL-BREF
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/842994
Additional Information Title of Conference or Conference Proceedings : International Society for Quality of Life Research 22nd Annual Conference