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An evidence-informed review of the current myofascial pain literature - January 2015

Dommerholt, Jan; Grieve, Rob; Layton, Michelle; Hooks, Todd


Jan Dommerholt

Rob Grieve
Senior Research Fellow (Knowledge Exchange)

Michelle Layton

Todd Hooks


© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. This article provides an up-to-date review of the most recent publications about myofascial pain, trigger points (TrPs) and other related topics. We have added some commentaries where indicated with supporting references. In the Basic Research section, we reviewed the work by Danish researchers about the influence of latent TrPs and a second study of the presence and distribution of both active and latent TrPs in whiplash-associated disorders. The section on Soft Tissue Approaches considered multiple studies and case reports of the efficacy of myofascial release (MFR), classic and deep muscle massage, fascial techniques, and connective tissue massage. Dry needling (DN) is becoming a common approach and we included multiple studies, reviews, and case reports, while the section on Injection Techniques features an article on TrP injections following mastectomy and several articles about the utilization of botulinum toxin. Lastly, we review several articles on modalities and other clinical approaches.


Dommerholt, J., Grieve, R., Layton, M., & Hooks, T. (2015). An evidence-informed review of the current myofascial pain literature - January 2015. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 19(1), 126-137.

Journal Article Type Review
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Journal Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Print ISSN 1360-8592
Electronic ISSN 1532-9283
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 1
Pages 126-137
Keywords myofascial pain syndrome, trigger points, dry needling, manual therapy
Public URL
Publisher URL