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Robot mediated communication: Enhancing tele-presence using an avatar

Hossen Mamode, Hamzah Ziyaad

Robot mediated communication: Enhancing tele-presence using an avatar Thumbnail


Hamzah Ziyaad Hossen Mamode


In the past few years there has been a lot of development in the field of tele-presence. These developments have caused tele-presence technologies to become easily accessible and also for the experience to be enhanced. Since tele-presence is not only used for tele-presence assisted group meetings but also in some forms of Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), these activities have also been facilitated. One of the lingering issues has to do with how to properly transmit presence of non-co-located members to the rest of the group. Using current commercially available tele-presence technology it is possible to exhibit a limited level of social presence but no physical presence. In order to cater for this lack of presence a system is implemented here using tele-operated robots as avatars for remote team members and had its efficacy tested. This testing includes both the level of presence that can be exhibited by robot avatars but also how the efficacy of these robots for this task changes depending on the morphology of the robot. Using different types of robots, a humanoid robot and an industrial robot arm, as tele-presence avatars, it is found that the humanoid robot using an appropriate control system is better at exhibiting a social presence. Further, when compared to a voice only scenario, both robots proved significantly better than with only voice in terms of both cooperative task solving and social presence. These results indicate that using an appropriate control system, a humanoid robot can be better than an industrial robot in these types of tasks and the validity of aiming for a humanoid design behaving in a human-like way in order to emulate social interactions that are closer to human norms. This has implications for the design of autonomous socially interactive robot systems.


Hossen Mamode, H. Z. (in press). Robot mediated communication: Enhancing tele-presence using an avatar. (Thesis). University of the West of England. Retrieved from

Thesis Type Thesis
Acceptance Date Aug 10, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jun 6, 2019
Keywords robots, communication, tele-presence, avatar
Public URL
Award Date Dec 9, 2015


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