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Homeowners' perceptions of property-level flood risk adaptation (PLFRA) measures: The case of the summer 2007 flood event in England

Joseph, R.; Proverbs, D.; Lamond, J.


R. Joseph

D. Proverbs

Jessica Lamond
College Dean for Research & Enterprise


© 2015 WIT Press. Flood events have far-reaching consequences, not only in economic or financial terms but also in social and health-related impacts. There is a growing body of research that suggests that property-level flood risk adaptation (PLFRA) measures have the potential to benefit homeowners by reducing the impact of flooding on households. Emphasis has, therefore, been placed on the implementation of PLFRA measures, and yet despite this, the take-up among the at-risk residents in England is low. One of the reasons identified in the literature is that homeowners do not clearly recognise the benefits of the measures. This research uses a survey of households affected by the summer 2007 flood event in England to investigate the perception of homeowners in connection with the benefits of PLFRA measures. The results highlight that there is a consensus among respondents that implementing adaptation measures has the potential to reduce health-related flood impacts such as worrying, stress and strain between families. However, there was a high level of uncertainty with regard to potential financial benefits from investing in adaptation measures, in the form of premium reduction by insurers. It was evident from the analysis that knowledge of the frequency of future flood events and expected flood damage rated highly among the factors perceived by homeowners to influence the uptake of PLFRA measures. Furthermore, the results show that there is a wide range of opinion among the respondents as to who is responsible for protecting homes against flood risk. For instance, the government flood protection scheme has the potential to provide a confusing message to floodplain residents as to whose responsibility it is to protect properties against flood risk. It is, therefore, recommended that at-risk population should be made aware of the limits of the responsibilities of other stakeholders in the domain of flood risk management at household levels. However, it is anticipated that the introduction of the new UK flood insurance scheme, Flood Re, may help to bring more clarity. There is a need to increase the motivation of homeowners to invest in PLFRA measures, which could be achieved through a range of actions, including the provision of subsidies and incentives, which would help in promoting more sustainable behaviour.


Lamond, J., Proverbs, D., Joseph, R., Joseph, R., Proverbs, D., & Lamond, J. (2015). Homeowners' perceptions of property-level flood risk adaptation (PLFRA) measures: The case of the summer 2007 flood event in England. International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering, 5(3), 251-265.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Journal International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering
Print ISSN 2041-9031
Electronic ISSN 2041-904X
Publisher WIT Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Issue 3
Pages 251-265
Keywords intangible impacts, inter-rater indices, property-level flood adaptation, resilience measures, resistance measures
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : Reproduced here with permission from WIT Press. View online at


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