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Cast and 3D printed ion exchange membranes for monolithic microbial fuel cell fabrication

Philamore, Hemma; Philamorea, Hemma; Rossiter, Jonathan; Walters, Peter; Winfield, Jonathan; Ieropoulos, Ioannis

Authors

Hemma Philamore

Hemma Philamorea

Jonathan Rossiter

Peter Walters



Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. We present novel solutions to a key challenge in microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology; greater power density through increased relative surface area of the ion exchange membrane that separates the anode and cathode electrodes. The first use of a 3D printed polymer and a cast latex membrane are compared to a conventionally used cation exchange membrane. These new techniques significantly expand the geometric versatility available to ion exchange membranes in MFCs, which may be instrumental in answering challenges in the design of MFCs including miniaturisation, cost and ease of fabrication. Under electrical load conditions selected for optimal power transfer, peak power production (mean 10 batch feeds) was 11.39 μW (CEM), 10.51 μW (latex) and 0.92 μW (Tangoplus). Change in conductivity and pH of anolyte were correlated with MFC power production. Digital and environmental scanning electron microscopy show structural changes to and biological precipitation on membrane materials following long term use in an MFC. The cost of the novel membranes was lower than the conventional CEM. The efficacy of two novel membranes for ion exchange indicates that further characterisation of these materials and their fabrication techniques, shows great potential to significantly increase the range and type of MFCs that can be produced.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2015
Journal Journal of Power Sources
Print ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 289
Pages 91-99
APA6 Citation Philamore, H., Philamorea, H., Rossiter, J., Walters, P., Winfield, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2015). Cast and 3D printed ion exchange membranes for monolithic microbial fuel cell fabrication. Journal of Power Sources, 289, 91-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.04.113
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.04.113
Keywords microbial fuel cell, 3D printing, ion-exchange membrane, oxygen-diffusion cathodes
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.04.113

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