A number of representation schemes have been presented for use within learning classifier systems, ranging from binary encodings to neural networks. This paper presents results from an investigation into using discrete and fuzzy dynamical system representations within the XCSF learning classifier system. In particular, asynchronous random Boolean networks are used to represent the traditional condition-action production system rules in the discrete case and asynchronous fuzzy logic networks in the continuous-valued case. It is shown possible to use self-adaptive, open-ended evolution to design an ensemble of such dynamical systems within XCSF to solve a number of well-known test problems. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Preen, R. J., Preen, R., & Bull, L. (2014). Discrete and fuzzy dynamical genetic programming in the XCSF learning classifier system. Soft Computing, 18(1), 153-167. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00500-013-1044-4