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The feasibility of using a parenting programme for the prevention of unintentional home injuries in the under-fives: A cluster randomised controlled trial

Mytton, Julie; Ingram, Jenny; Manns, Sarah; Stevens, Tony; Mulvaney, Caroline; Blair, Peter; Powell, Jane; Potter, Barbara; Towner, Elizabeth; Emond, Alan; Deave, Toity; Thomas, James; Kendrick, Denise; Stewart-Brown, Sarah


Jenny Ingram

Sarah Manns

Tony Stevens

Caroline Mulvaney

Peter Blair

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Jane Powell
Professor in Public Health Economics

Barbara Potter

Elizabeth Towner

Alan Emond

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Toity Deave
Associate Professor in Child & Family Health

James Thomas

Denise Kendrick

Sarah Stewart-Brown


Background: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of preventable death of children over the age of 1 year in the UK and a major cause of attendance at emergency departments. Children having one injury are at increased risk of further injuries. Parenting programmes can reduce injuries in preschool children if delivered in the home and on a one-to-one basis. It is not known if group-based programmes delivered outside the home are effective. Objectives: To develop (1) a parenting programme to prevent recurrent unintentional home injuries in preschool children and (2) a tool for parents to report unintentional home injuries occurring to their preschool children. To assess the feasibility of delivering and evaluating the parenting programme through a cluster randomised controlled trial, specifically to (1) assess methods for the recruitment and retention of parents; (2) determine the training, equipment and facilities needed for the delivery of the programme; (3) establish appropriate primary and secondary outcome measures and methods for their collection; (4) determine how 'normal care' in a comparison arm should be defined; and (5) determine the resource utilisation and costing data that would need to be collected for the cost-effectiveness component of a future trial; and (6) produce estimates of effect sizes to inform sample size estimation for a main trial. Design: Feasibility multicentre, cluster, randomised, unblinded trial. Setting: Eight children's centres in Bristol and Nottingham, UK. Participants: Ninety-six parents of preschool children who had sustained an unintentional injury requiring medical attention in the previous 12 months. Interventions: The First-aid Advice and Safety Training (FAST) parent programme, comprising parenting support and skills combined with first aid and home safety advice. Main outcome measures: Parent-reported medically attended injuries in the index child and any preschool siblings sustained during a 6-month period of observation. Results: An 8-week parenting programme was produced, designed with participant-friendly, incrementally progressive content. A slimline, month-to-a-view injury calendar, spiral bound and suitable for hanging on a wall, was designed for parents to record injuries occurring to their preschool children during the 6-month period of observed time. Fifty-one parents were recruited (40 meeting eligibility criteria plus 11 following 'open invite' to participate); 15 parents completed the FAST parent programme and 49 provided data at baseline and during follow-up. Completion of the programme was significantly greater for participants using the 'open invite' approach (85%) than for those recruited using the original eligibility criteria (31%). Prototype resource use checklists, unit costs and total costs were developed for phases 0, 1 and 2 of the study for use in a future trial. Conclusions: This feasibility study has developed an innovative injury prevention intervention and a tool to record parent-reported injuries in preschool children. It was not feasible to recruit parents of children who had sustained a recent injury, or to ask health visitor teams to identify potential participants and to deliver the programme. A trial should target all families attending children's centres in disadvantaged areas. The intervention could be delivered by a health professional supported by a member of the children's centre team in a community setting. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN03605270. Source of funding: This project was funded by the NIHR Health Technology Assessment programme and will be published in full in Health Technology Assessment; Vol. 18, No. 3. See the NIHR Journals Library website for further project information. © Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO 2014.


Mytton, J., Ingram, J., Manns, S., Stevens, T., Mulvaney, C., Blair, P., …Stewart-Brown, S. (2014). The feasibility of using a parenting programme for the prevention of unintentional home injuries in the under-fives: A cluster randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment, 18(3), 1-183.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 27, 2014
Publicly Available Date Nov 27, 2019
Journal Health Technology Assessment
Print ISSN 1366-5278
Publisher NIHR Journals Library
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 18
Issue 3
Pages 1-183
Keywords childhood, injury prevention, parenting programmes
Public URL
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The feasibility of using a parenting programme for the prevention of unintentional home injuries in the under-fives: a cluster randomised controlled trial (7.3 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2014. This work was produced by Mytton et al. under the terms of a commissioning
contract issued by the Secretary of State for Health. This issue may be freely reproduced for the purposes of private research and
study and extracts (or indeed, the full report) may be included in professional journals provided that suitable acknowledgement is
made and the reproduction is not associated with any form of advertising. Applications for commercial reproduction should be
addressed to: NIHR Journals Library, National Institute for Health Research, Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre,
Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton SO16 7NS, UK.

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