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Changing work and work-related travel and the impact of Covid-19

Chatterjee, Kiron; Crawford, Fiona



The nature of work was undergoing dramatic change before the pandemic as the digital age continued to transform all sectors of society. In this paper we describe pre-pandemic trends in types of work, the workforce and working arrangements in the UK. We show how these changes were having gradual yet significant impacts on commuting and other work-related travel which were apparent in national travel data series. Key features of these impacts were increasing diversification and flexibility in work travel. We bring together findings on how working practices and travel have been altered by the pandemic and report expectations and opinions on its longer-term legacies. The pandemic has accelerated pre-pandemic trends and led to a shift in how work is performed for almost all sectors of the economy – but grasping the opportunity for this to contribute to deep carbon reductions from transport and to improve equity and health outcomes will require carefully directed policy interventions.


Chatterjee, K., & Crawford, F. (2021). Changing work and work-related travel and the impact of Covid-19. Built Environment, 47(3), 336-354.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 13, 2021
Online Publication Date Sep 1, 2021
Publication Date Sep 1, 2021
Deposit Date Aug 31, 2021
Publicly Available Date Sep 2, 2022
Journal Built Environment
Print ISSN 0263-7960
Publisher Alexandrine Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 47
Issue 3
Pages 336-354
Keywords commuting; business travel; work-related travel; working patterns; Covid-19; working from home; teleworking; flexible working
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