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IEEE P7001: A proposed standard on transparency

Winfield, Alan F. T.; Booth, Serena; Dennis, Louise A.; Egawa, Takashi; Hastie, Helen; Jacobs, Naomi; Muttram, Roderick I.; Olszewska, Joanna I.; Rajabiyazdi, Fahimeh; Theodorou, Andreas; Underwood, Mark A.; Wortham, Robert H.; Watson, Eleanor

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Serena Booth

Louise A. Dennis

Takashi Egawa

Helen Hastie

Naomi Jacobs

Roderick I. Muttram

Joanna I. Olszewska

Fahimeh Rajabiyazdi

Andreas Theodorou

Mark A. Underwood

Robert H. Wortham

Eleanor Watson


This paper describes IEEE P7001, a new draft standard on transparency of autonomous systems. In the paper, we outline the development and structure of the draft standard. We present the rationale for transparency as a measurable, testable property. We outline five stakeholder groups: users, the general public and bystanders, safety certification agencies, incident/accident investigators and lawyers/expert witnesses, and explain the thinking behind the normative definitions of “levels” of transparency for each stakeholder group in P7001. The paper illustrates the application of P7001 through worked examples of both specification and assessment of fictional autonomous systems.


Winfield, A. F. T., Booth, S., Dennis, L. A., Egawa, T., Hastie, H., Jacobs, N., …Watson, E. (2021). IEEE P7001: A proposed standard on transparency. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8, Article 665729.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 5, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 26, 2021
Publication Date Jul 26, 2021
Deposit Date Jul 26, 2021
Publicly Available Date Aug 5, 2021
Journal Frontiers in Robotics and AI
Electronic ISSN 2296-9144
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Article Number 665729
Keywords transparency, explainability, autonomous systems, robot ethics, AI ethics
Public URL


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