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Exposure to green space and prevention of anxiety and depression among young people in urban settings: A global scoping review

Reece, Rebecca; Bray, Isabelle; Sinnett, Danielle; Hayward, Robert; Martin, Faith

Exposure to green space and prevention of anxiety and depression among young people in urban settings: A global scoping review Thumbnail


Authors

Rebecca Reece

Issy Bray Issy.Bray@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Head of Department, Research and Knowledge Exchange

Robert Hayward

Faith Martin Faith.Martin@uwe.ac.uk
Wallscourt Fellow in Wellbeing and Mental Wealth



Abstract

Purpose: There is a mental health crisis, particularly among young people. Despite many young people living in urban settings, reviews about the association between exposure to green or natural environments and mental health tend to focus on either children or adults. The aim of this review is to examine the scope of the global literature for this age group, to inform a systematic review on the role of exposure to green space in preventing anxiety and depression amongst young people aged 14–24 years. Design/methodology/approach: Seven databases were searched for quantitative and qualitative sources published from January 2000 to June 2020. This identified 201 sources and their characteristics are described here. Gaps in the literature are also highlighted. Findings: The number of relevant studies published per year has increased over time. Most studies are set in North America (28%) or Europe (39%). The most common study designs were observational (34%) or experimental (28%). A wide range of exposures and interventions are described. Research limitations/implications: This review included literature from predominantly high-income countries and has shown the under-representation of low-middle income countries and lack of ethnic diversity in study populations. It has also highlighted the lack of clinical measures of anxiety and depression as outcomes. Originality/value: This inter-disciplinary review has contributed to the field by describing the geographic distribution of the literature and the broad range of exposures to green spaces being reported. Unlike previous scoping reviews, this review focused specifically on young people and on measures of anxiety and depression and their pre-cursers.

Citation

Reece, R., Bray, I., Sinnett, D., Hayward, R., & Martin, F. (2021). Exposure to green space and prevention of anxiety and depression among young people in urban settings: A global scoping review. Journal of Public Mental Health, 20(2), 94-104. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPMH-02-2021-0030

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 15, 2021
Online Publication Date May 28, 2021
Publication Date Jul 21, 2021
Deposit Date Mar 19, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jul 20, 2021
Journal Journal of Public Mental Health
Print ISSN 1746-5729
Electronic ISSN 2042-8731
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 20
Issue 2
Pages 94-104
DOI https://doi.org/10.1108/JPMH-02-2021-0030
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/7215604

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