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Adaptation and validation of the Internalisation-General subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) in English among urban Indian adolescents

Lewis-Smith, Helena; Garbett, Kirsty; Chaudhry, Anshula; Uglik-Marucha, Nora; Vitoratou, Silia; Dhillon, Megha; Shroff, Hemal; Diedrichs, Phillippa C.

Authors

Anshula Chaudhry

Nora Uglik-Marucha

Silia Vitoratou

Megha Dhillon

Hemal Shroff



Abstract

Few studies have validated body image related measures in Asian countries, including in India, thus stunting research progress. To provide a robust method of assessing internalisation of cultural appearance ideals, the purpose of this study was to validate a culturally appropriate English version of the Internalisation-General subscale from the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Attitudes Questionnaire-3 among a school sample of 1,432 urban Indian adolescents (Mage = 12.9 years; 44 % girls). Exploratory factor analyses revealed a one-factor solution for both girls and boys. Analyses indicated a six-item scale for girls and a four-item scale for boys; both of which were verified by confirmatory factor analysis. Cronbach's alpha was high for both female (.88) and male scales (.87), and convergent validity was confirmed via significant correlations with measures of body esteem and disordered eating. Using the items which were common in both the male and female versions of the scale, confirmatory factor analysis supported a psychometrically sound model that was gender invariant, and thus can be used to assess and compare both genders. Overall, results support the reliability and validity of the Internalisation-General subscale among English-speaking urban Indian adolescents.

Citation

Lewis-Smith, H., Garbett, K., Chaudhry, A., Uglik-Marucha, N., Vitoratou, S., Dhillon, M., …Diedrichs, P. C. (2021). Adaptation and validation of the Internalisation-General subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) in English among urban Indian adolescents. Body Image, 36, 254-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.12.004

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 4, 2020
Online Publication Date Jan 2, 2021
Publication Date Mar 1, 2021
Deposit Date Feb 11, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jul 3, 2022
Journal Body Image
Print ISSN 1740-1445
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 36
Pages 254-262
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.12.004
Keywords Applied Psychology; General Psychology; Social Psychology
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/7083923
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Adaptation and validation of the Internalisation-General subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) in English among urban Indian adolescents; Journal Title: Body Image; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.12.004; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.