Patient acceptability of the physiotherapy first contact practitioner role in primary care: A realist informed qualitative study
Morris, Leah; Moule, Pam; Pearson, Jennifer; Foster, Dave; Walsh, Nicola
Jen Pearson Jen.Pearson@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Physiotherapy (MSK and LTC)
Nicola Walsh Nicola.Walsh@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Knowledge Mobilisation & Muscul
Background: Approximately 30% of general practitioner (GP) consultations are due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSKDs). Physiotherapists are trained to assess, diagnose and treat MSKDs and provide an alternative to GP consultation for primary care patients as first contact physiotherapists (FCPs).
Aim: To explore patient perceived acceptability of the FCP role using realist methods to understand what works for whom, how, why and in what circumstances.
Methods: A realist evaluation was undertaken, which involved three stages: forming the theory area framework; testing the theory framework and refining the programme theory. The theory framework was formed through realist synthesis. Realist interviews tested this framework. Data were collected from two GP practice case study sites and interviews were undertaken at each site. N = 20 participants were interviewed in total. In each practice, this constituted patients (n = 5), GPs (n = 1), FCPs (n = 2), receptionists (n = 1) and practice managers (n = 1). Interview data were analysed against preliminary hypotheses and, where appropriate, new theory areas were created.
Results: The evaluation highlighted that acceptability of the FCP role was influenced by ‘expectations’, ‘accessibility’ and ‘promoting the role’. Whilst some findings were shared by both practices, different contexts resulted in unique practice findings.
Conclusion: Patients were predominantly accepting of FCPs, nevertheless, there was a scope to increase acceptability through an implementation strategy that considered the contexts of the individual patient, as well as wider practice contexts.
Morris, L., Moule, P., Pearson, J., Foster, D., & Walsh, N. (2021). Patient acceptability of the physiotherapy first contact practitioner role in primary care: A realist informed qualitative study. Musculoskeletal Care, 19(1), 38-51. https://doi.org/10.1002/msc.1505
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 21, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 28, 2020|
|Publication Date||Mar 1, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Aug 26, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Apr 8, 2021|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Physiotherapy; Qualitative Research; Primary Health Care|
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