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Integrated supply–demand energy management for optimal design of off-grid hybrid renewable energy systems for residential electrification in arid climates

Mokhtara, Charafeddine; Negrou, Belkhir; Bouferrouk, Abdessalem; Yao, Yufeng; Settou, Noureddine; Ramadan, Mohamad

Integrated supply–demand energy management for optimal design of off-grid hybrid renewable energy systems for residential electrification in arid climates Thumbnail


Authors

Charafeddine Mokhtara

Belkhir Negrou

Yufeng Yao Yufeng.Yao@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Aerospace Engineering

Noureddine Settou

Mohamad Ramadan



Abstract

The growing research interest in hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) has been regarded as a natural and yet critical response to address the challenge of rural electrification. Based on a Bibliometric analysis performed by authors, it was concluded that most studies simply adopted supply-side management techniques to perform the design optimization of such a renewable energy system. To further advance those studies, this paper presents a novel approach by integrating demand-supply management (DSM) with particle swarm optimization and applying it to optimally design an off-grid hybrid PV-solar-diesel-battery system for the electrification of residential buildings in arid environments, using a typical dwelling in Adrar, Algeria, as a case study. The proposed HRES is first modelled by an in-house MATLAB code based on a multi-agent system concept and then optimized by minimizing the total net present cost (TNPC), subject to reliability level and renewable energy penetration. After validation against the HOMER software, further techno-economic analyses including sensitivity study are undertaken, considering different battery technologies. By integrating the proposed DSM, the results have shown the following improvements: with RF = 100%, the energy demand and TNPC are reduced by 7% and 18%, respectively, compared to the case of using solely supply-side management. It is found that PV-Li-ion represents the best configuration, with TNPC of $23,427 and cost of energy (COE) of 0.23 $/kWh. However, with lower RF values, the following reductions are achieved: energy consumption (19%) and fuel consumption or CO 2 emission (57%), respectively. In contrast, the RF is raised from 15% (without DSM) to 63% (with DSM). It is clear that the optimal configuration consists of wind-diesel, with COE of 0.21 $/kWh, smaller than that obtained with a stand-alone diesel generator system. The outcomes of this work can provide valuable insights into the successful design and deployment of HRES in Algeria and surrounding regions.

Citation

Mokhtara, C., Negrou, B., Bouferrouk, A., Yao, Y., Settou, N., & Ramadan, M. (2020). Integrated supply–demand energy management for optimal design of off-grid hybrid renewable energy systems for residential electrification in arid climates. Energy Conversion and Management, 221, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113192

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 6, 2020
Online Publication Date Jul 18, 2020
Publication Date Oct 1, 2020
Deposit Date Jul 21, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jul 19, 2021
Journal Energy Conversion and Management
Print ISSN 0196-8904
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 221
Article Number 113192
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113192
Keywords Fuel technology; Renewable energy, Sustainability and the environment; Energy engineering and power technology; Nuclear energy and engineering; Hybrid renewable energy system; Energy management; Optimal design; Rural electrification; Building energy consu
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/6257799

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