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What psychosocial interventions work to reduce hospital admissions in people with diabetes and elevated HbA1c: a systematic review of the evidence

Moulson, H.; Sanders, S.; Coppin, S.; Meyrick, J.

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Authors

H. Moulson

S. Sanders

S. Coppin

Jane Meyrick Jane.Meyrick@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Health Psychology



Abstract

© 2020 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Diabetes UK Background: Diabetes is a chronic condition that can lead to devastating complications if not managed effectively. Individuals with elevated HbA1c are at higher risk of developing complications resulting in diabetes-related hospital admissions, an additional pressure and expense for healthcare systems. Aim: To systematically review evidence of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions among individuals with elevated HbA1c, as indicated by hospital admissions. Methods: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, AMED, Embase and Scopus) were used to identify studies systematically. Studies were screened against eligibility criteria and included if they evaluated the effectiveness of a psychosocial intervention on diabetes-related hospital admissions in individuals with elevated HbA1c. Risk of bias was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies, and a narrative synthesis was conducted. Results: Of 15 362 studies, five were included in the review. Psychosocial interventions were found to significantly reduce diabetes-related hospital admissions in four of these studies and interventions involving psychotherapy in particular were found to reduce admissions. The methodological quality of studies ranged from weak to moderate, due to lack of blinding, weak study design and issues with withdrawals and drop-outs. Conclusions: Psychosocial interventions may reduce diabetes-related hospital admissions in individuals with elevated HbA1c; however, due to variability in methodological rigour, the conclusion remains tentative. Further research targeting this group, particularly within the adult population, is recommended. (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019133456).

Citation

Moulson, H., Sanders, S., Coppin, S., & Meyrick, J. (2020). What psychosocial interventions work to reduce hospital admissions in people with diabetes and elevated HbA1c: a systematic review of the evidence. Diabetic Medicine, 37(8), 1280-1290. https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.14332

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 23, 2020
Online Publication Date May 22, 2020
Publication Date Aug 1, 2020
Deposit Date Jun 9, 2020
Publicly Available Date May 23, 2021
Journal Diabetic Medicine
Print ISSN 0742-3071
Electronic ISSN 1464-5491
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 37
Issue 8
Pages 1280-1290
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/dme.14332
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/6015712

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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Copyright Statement
© 2020 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Diabetes UK

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.







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