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Coronavirus disease 2019 mortality: A multivariate ecological analysis in relation to ethnicity, population density, obesity, deprivation and pollution

Bray, I.; Gibson, A.; White, J.

Authors

Issy Bray Issy.Bray@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Head of Department, Research and Knowledge Exchange

Andy Gibson Andy.Gibson@uwe.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Patient and Public Involve

Jo White Jo.White@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Research Fellow in Public Involvement



Abstract

Background: There is emerging evidence about characteristics that may increase the risk of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mortality, but they are highly correlated. Methods: An ecological analysis was used to estimate associations between these variables and age-standardised COVID-19 mortality rates at the local authority level. Results: Ethnicity, population density and overweight/obesity were all found to have strong independent associations with COVID-19 mortality, at the local authority level. Discussion: This analysis provides some preliminary evidence about which variables are independently associated with COVID-19 mortality and suggests that others (deprivation and pollution) are not directly linked. It highlights the importance of multivariate analyses to understand the factors that increase vulnerability to COVID-19.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 1, 2020
Journal Public Health
Print ISSN 0033-3506
Electronic ISSN 1476-5616
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 185
Pages 261-263
APA6 Citation Bray, I., Gibson, A., & White, J. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 mortality: A multivariate ecological analysis in relation to ethnicity, population density, obesity, deprivation and pollution. Public Health, 185, 261-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2020.06.056
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2020.06.056
Keywords Covid-19, deprivation, ethnicity, pollution, overweight, obesity, population density
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