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Development of novel hybrid method and geometrical configuration-based active noise control system for circular cylinder and slat noise prediction and reduction applications

Peng, Tongrui

Development of novel hybrid method and geometrical configuration-based active noise control system for circular cylinder and slat noise prediction and reduction applications Thumbnail


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Abstract

This thesis presents a study about the application of a geometrical configuration-based feedforward adaptive active noise control (ANC) system in the low-frequency range of flow-induced (aeroacoustics) noise cancellation and the investigation on the effects of different geometrical configurations on the cancellation performance in the presence of the residual noise signal magnitude (in decibel) or the average amount of cancellation (in decibel). The first motivation is that according to the literature review, the passive flow control is limited in the practical consideration and the active flow control performs better than the passive flow control, especially for the low-frequency range. Consider the principle of the active flow control is the same as the ANC technique, therefore, it is feasible to apply the ANC technique in cancelling the low-frequency range of the far-field (aeroacoustics) noise, which provides instructions on the future practical experiments. The second motivation is that we want to explore the effects of different geometrical configurations on the cancellation performance and it provides instructions on the implementation in future practical experiments. To predict the far-field (aeroacoustics) noise, the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and the Ffowcs Williams and Hawkings (FW-H) equations are used separately for unsteady flow calculation and far-field (aeroacoustics) noise prediction. The proposed ANC system is used for the low-frequency range of the far-field (aeroacoustics) noise cancellation. Soft computing techniques and evolutionary-computing-based techniques are employed as the parameter adjustment mechanism to deal with nonlinearities existed in microphones and loudspeakers. The case study about the landing gear noise cancellation in the two-dimensional computational domain is completed. Simulation results validate the accuracy of the obtained acoustic spectrum with reasonable error because of the mesh resolution and computer capacity. It is observed that the two-dimensional approach can only predict discrete values of sound pressure level (SPL) associated with the fundamental frequency (Strouhal number) and its harmonics. Cancellation results demonstrate the cancellation capability of the proposed ANC system for the low-frequency range of far-field (aeroacoustics) noise and reflect that within the reasonable physical distance range, the cancellation performance will be better when the detector is placed closer to the secondary source in comparison with the primary source. This conclusion is the main innovative contribution of this thesis and it provides useful instructions on future practical experiments, but detailed physical distance values must be dependent on individual cases.

Citation

Peng, T. Development of novel hybrid method and geometrical configuration-based active noise control system for circular cylinder and slat noise prediction and reduction applications. (Thesis). University of the West of England. Retrieved from https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/5680924

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Mar 14, 2020
Publicly Available Date Aug 20, 2020
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/5680924

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