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Life-cycle assessment environmental sustainability in bridge design and maintenance

Balogun, Teslim B.; Tomor, Adrienn; Lamond, Jessica; Gouda, Hazem; Booth, Colin A.

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Teslim B. Balogun

Adrienn Tomor

Jessica Lamond
Acting Associate Dean - Research and Enterprise

Hazem Gouda

Colin Booth
AHOD in Research/ Associate Professor


Interviews were undertaken with expert bridge designers to reveal their opinions on environmental considerations and the possibility of integrating life-cycle assessment into the bridge design process. Bridge designers were generally found to consider that the need for the bridge, access for future maintenance, use of quality materials, longevity, cost savings and sustainability are matters more important than life-cycle environmental emissions. Moreover, the limited awareness of life-cycle assessments among bridge designers along with a keenness to execute clients' requirements, mostly on the basis of cost, has further widened the gap. This gap could be overcome by ensuring that detailed environmental matters such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions are considered as design criteria; encouraging designers to highlight emerging environmental matters in the design brief; heightening awareness of life-cycle assessment among designers to increase its potential usage; and factoring life-cycle assessment damage indicators into the bridge design process.


Balogun, T. B., Tomor, A., Lamond, J., Gouda, H., & Booth, C. A. (2020). Life-cycle assessment environmental sustainability in bridge design and maintenance. Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering Sustainability, 173(7), 365-375.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 14, 2020
Online Publication Date Feb 14, 2020
Publication Date Oct 1, 2020
Deposit Date Mar 7, 2020
Publicly Available Date Feb 15, 2021
Journal Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering Sustainability
Print ISSN 1478-4629
Electronic ISSN 1751-7680
Publisher Thomas Telford
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 173
Issue 7
Pages 365-375
Keywords Civil and Structural Engineering; Bridges; Sustainability
Public URL


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