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The use of lng as a marine fuel: Civil liability considerations from an international perspective

Xu, Jingjing; Testa, David; Mukherjee, Proshanto K.


Jingjing Xu

David Testa

Proshanto K. Mukherjee


© 2017. Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Recent regulations in the maritime domain have placed increasing pressure on the shipping industry to reduce exhaust emissions from ships. Using LNG, which produces virtually 0% sulphur dioxide emissions, as an alternative fuel has thus become an attractive option to shipowners. However, the absence of a comprehensive legal framework in this regard is noteworthy, particularly in view of the fact that the issue of liability for pollution damage and the corresponding issue of compensation is a lacuna in the domain of international maritime law. This article examines this issue in detail and proposes that there is an urgent need to develop an international legal regime, and within the current framework and without abandoning the established regimes, amending the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea may well be a better option.


Xu, J., Testa, D., & Mukherjee, P. K. (2017). The use of lng as a marine fuel: Civil liability considerations from an international perspective. Journal of Environmental Law, 29(1), 129-153.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 1, 2016
Online Publication Date Mar 23, 2017
Publication Date Mar 1, 2017
Deposit Date Mar 7, 2020
Publicly Available Date Mar 12, 2020
Journal Journal of Environmental Law
Print ISSN 0952-8873
Electronic ISSN 1464-374X
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 29
Issue 1
Pages 129-153
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The Use of LNG as a Marine Fuel: Civil Liability Considerations from an International Perspective (255 Kb)


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Copyright Statement
Copyright The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.
org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the
original work is properly cited.

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