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Selection of effective risk mitigation strategies in container shipping operations

Yang, Zaili; Chang, Chia Hsun; Dong, Jingxin; Xu, Jingjing


Zaili Yang

Chia Hsun Chang

Jingxin Dong

Jingjing Xu


© 2019, Pacific Star Group Education Foundation. Licensed re-use rights only. Purpose: Container shipping companies face various risks with different consequences that are required to be mitigated. Limited empirical research has been done on identifying and evaluating risk management strategies in shipping operations with different risk consequences. This paper aims to identify the appropriate risk mitigation strategies and evaluate the relative importance of these strategies. Design/methodology/approach: Literature review and interviews were used to identify and validate the appropriate risk mitigation strategies in container shipping operations. A questionnaire with a Likert five-point scale was then conducted to rank the identified risk mitigation strategies in terms of their overall effectiveness. Top six important strategies were selected to evaluate their relative importance under three risk consequences (i.e. financial, reputation and safety and security incident related loss) through using another questionnaire with paired-comparison. Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was then conducted to analyse the paired-comparison questionnaire. Findings: After conducting a systematic literature review and interviews, 18 mitigation strategies were identified. The results from the first questionnaire show that among the 18 strategies, the top three are “form alliances with other shipping companies”, “use more advanced infrastructures (hardware and software)” and “choose partners very carefully”. After conducting fuzzy AHP, the results show that shipping companies emphasize more on reducing the risk consequence of financial loss; and “form alliance with other shipping companies” is the most important risk mitigation strategy. Originality/value: This paper evaluates the risk mitigation strategies against three risk consequences. Managers can benefit from the systematic identification of mitigation strategies, which shipping companies can consider for adoption to reduce the operational risk impact.


Yang, Z., Chang, C. H., Dong, J., & Xu, J. (2019). Selection of effective risk mitigation strategies in container shipping operations. Maritime Business Review, 4(4), 413-431.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 28, 2019
Publication Date Nov 18, 2019
Deposit Date Mar 7, 2020
Journal Maritime Business Review
Print ISSN 2397-3757
Electronic ISSN 2397-3765
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 4
Pages 413-431
Public URL