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Incorporation of a nanotechnology-based additive in cementitious products for clay stabilisation

Eyo, E. U.; Ng'ambi, S.; Abbey, S. J.

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Authors

E. U. Eyo

S. Ng'ambi

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Samuel Abbey Samuel.Abbey@uwe.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering



Abstract

The mechanical performances and water retention characteristics of clays, stabilised by partial substitution of cement with by-products and inclusion of a nanotechnology-based additive called RoadCem (RC), are studied in this research. The unconfined compression tests and one-dimensional oedometer swelling were performed after 7 d of curing to understand the influence of addition of 1% of RC material in the stabilised soils with the cement partially replaced by 49%, 59% and 69% of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GBBS) or pulverised fuel ash (PFA). The moisture retention capacity of the stabilised clays was also explored using the soil-water retention curve (SWRC) from the measured suctions. Results confirmed an obvious effect of the use of RC with the obtained strength and swell properties of the stabilised clays suitable for road application at 50% replacement of cement. This outcome is associated with the in-depth and penetrating hydration of the cementitious materials by the RC and water which results in the production of needle-like matrix with interlocking filaments – a phenomenon referred to as the ‘wrapping’ effect. On the other hand, the SWRC used to describe the water holding capacity and corresponding swell mechanism of clays stabilised by a proportion of RC showed a satisfactory response. The moisture retention of the RC-modified clays was initially higher but reduced subsequently as the saturation level increased with decreasing suction. This phenomenon confirmed that clays stabilised by including the RC are water-proof in nature, thus ensuring reduced porosity and suction even at reduced water content. Overall, the stabilised clays with the combination of cement, GGBS and RC showed a better performance compared to those with the PFA included.

Citation

Eyo, E. U., Ng'ambi, S., & Abbey, S. J. (2020). Incorporation of a nanotechnology-based additive in cementitious products for clay stabilisation. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 12(5), 1056-1069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrmge.2019.12.018

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 9, 2019
Online Publication Date Jun 27, 2020
Publication Date Oct 1, 2020
Deposit Date Feb 6, 2020
Publicly Available Date Oct 22, 2020
Journal Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
Print ISSN 1674-7755
Electronic ISSN 1674-7755
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 5
Pages 1056-1069
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrmge.2019.12.018
Keywords 35 Cement; ground granulated blast furnace slag; fly ash; RoadCem; swell; stabilisation; 36 unconfined compressive strength; soil-water retention curve 37
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/5331854

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