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Gait biomechanics in joint hypermobility syndrome: A spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic analysis

Alsiri, Najla; Cramp, Mary; Barnett, Sue; Palmer, Shea


Najla Alsiri

Mary Cramp
AHOD in Research & Knowledge Exchange/Assoc Prof in Long Term Conditions

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Shea Palmer
Professor in Allied Health Professions


Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) symptoms of widespread joint hypermobility and pain, muscle weakness and reduced muscle-tendon stiffness suggest that there may be an impact on gait parameters. Identification of gait abnormalities may inform assessment and management. The objective in the present study was to use a cross-sectional designed study to explore the impact of JHS on gait parameters. Methods: A JHS group of 29 participants (mean age 37.57 (S.D. 13.77) years) was compared to a healthy control group of 30 participants (mean 39.27 (S.D. 12.59) years). Spatiotemporal parameters, joint kinematics and joint kinetics were captured using the Qualisys motion capture system synchronized with a Kistler force platform. Results: Statistically significant reductions in walking speed, stride length and step length were found in the JHS group, while stance and double support durations were significantly increased (p < 0.01). During the swing phase, the JHS group showed significantly less knee flexion (p < 0.01). Reductions in hip extensor moment, and knee power generation and absorption were identified in the JHS group (p < 0.01). No other gait parameters were significantly altered. Conclusion: The JHS group walked more slowly with a kinematic ‘stiffening’ pattern. Hypermobility was not evident during gait. The observed stiffening pattern could be a strategy to avoid pain and improve balance. Impairments in moment and power generation could be related to several symptomatic and etiological factors in JHS. Clinicians should carefully consider gait in the assessment and management of people with JHS targeting the impairments identified by the current study.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2020
Journal Musculoskeletal Care
Print ISSN 1478-2189
Electronic ISSN 1557-0681
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 18
Issue 3
Pages 301-314
APA6 Citation Alsiri, N., Cramp, M., Barnett, S., & Palmer, S. (2020). Gait biomechanics in joint hypermobility syndrome: A spatiotemporal, kinematic and kinetic analysis. Musculoskeletal Care, 18(3), 301-314.
Keywords Joint Hypermobility Syndrome, kinematic, kinetic, gait, three-dimensional