Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Changing demographics

Musselwhite, Charles; Chatterjee, Kiron


Charles Musselwhite


Iain Docherty

Jon Shaw


Older people are travelling more than previous generations, especially by private vehicle. By contrast there has been a decline in car use among the younger population. We highlight how many of the reasons for these trends lie outside the transport sector. Younger people are living at home longer, delaying getting married and having children later in life. A decline in young people’s disposable income, a growth in low-end service jobs and the rise of precarious employment are also likely to be key contributors to a reduction in car use, especially with rising learning to drive and insurance costs. Younger people are also more likely to live in urban areas which mean less need for private vehicles. Older people are more likely to live in dispersed communities that require a car to access services and shops. They are less likely to use the internet for shopping, for accessing services and for staying connected to people. They have lived through a time of increased reliance and norms around using the car and continue this into later life. Examining mobility in relation to age suggests a need to look at how transport matters from the viewpoint of individuals and their relationship with society.


Musselwhite, C., & Chatterjee, K. (2019). Changing demographics. In I. Docherty, & J. Shaw (Eds.), Transport Matters, (327-347). Bristol: Policy Press

Acceptance Date Feb 12, 2019
Online Publication Date Oct 16, 2019
Publication Date Oct 16, 2019
Deposit Date Dec 16, 2019
Pages 327-347
Book Title Transport Matters
Chapter Number 14
ISBN 978-1447329565
Keywords Ageing, lifecourse, young persons, private car use, independence, employment, commuting, society.
Public URL
Publisher URL