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Squishy, yet satisfying: Exploring deformable shapes' cross-modal correspondences with colours and emotions

Steer, Cameron; Sauvé, Kim; Jain, Anika; Lawal, Omosunmisola; Proulx, Michael J; Jicol, Crescent; Alexander, Jason

Authors

Cameron Steer

Kim Sauvé

Anika Jain

Omosunmisola Lawal

Michael J Proulx

Crescent Jicol

Jason Alexander



Abstract

Surfaces with deformable and shape-changing properties seek to enhance and diversify tangible interactions with computing systems. However, we currently lack fundamental knowledge and user interface design principles that connect the inherent properties of deformable shapes with our human senses and cognitive associations. To address this knowledge gap, we systematically explored deformable shapes’ cross-modal correspondences (CC) with colours and emotions. In our CC study, 52 participants were presented with deformable shape stimuli that varied in stiffness and angularity. They were asked to associate these stimuli with colours and emotions under (i) visuo-tactile and; (ii) tactile-only conditions. For the first time, our findings reveal (1) how stiffness level primarily influences the CC associations and; (2) that stiffness and angularity play a significant role in CC associations over the visibility of the shapes. The results were distilled into design guidelines for future deformable, shape-changing interfaces that engage specific human senses and responses.

Citation

Steer, C., Sauvé, K., Jain, A., Lawal, O., Proulx, M. J., Jicol, C., & Alexander, J. (2024). Squishy, yet satisfying: Exploring deformable shapes' cross-modal correspondences with colours and emotions. In CHI '24: Proceedings of the CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (1-20). https://doi.org/10.1145/3613904.3641952

Conference Name CHI '24: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Conference Location Honolulu HI USA
Start Date May 13, 2024
End Date May 17, 2024
Acceptance Date Jan 18, 2024
Online Publication Date May 11, 2024
Publication Date May 11, 2024
Deposit Date May 13, 2024
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages 1-20
Book Title CHI '24: Proceedings of the CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
ISBN 9798400703300
DOI https://doi.org/10.1145/3613904.3641952
Keywords Colour, Crossmodal Correspondences, Deformable, Emotion, Force, Shape, Tactile-only Touch, Visuo-tactile
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/11986553
Publisher URL https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3613904.3641952
Additional Information Published: 2024-05-11