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The merit of the North Sea-Caspian pattern in explaining climate variability in the Euro-Mediterranean region

Çağlar, Ferat; Yetemen, Omer; Chun, Kwok Pan; Sen, Omer Lutfi

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Authors

Ferat Çağlar

Omer Yetemen

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Dr Kwok Chun Kwok.Chun@uwe.ac.uk
Lecturer in Environmental Managment

Omer Lutfi Sen



Abstract

Teleconnection patterns are one of the key features to understanding high-frequency natural climate variability. The North Sea-Caspian Pattern (NCP) was identified as a middle tropospheric dipole and its hydroclimatological implications have been substantially restricted to the Eastern Mediterranean region. Thus, the hydroclimatological influences of the NCP in the Euro-Mediterranean region were investigated via a comparative approach with dominant tropospheric teleconnections in the Eurasian region and synoptic features such as ridge-trough positioning and strength. By using high-resolution ERA5 reanalysis data, cross-correlations between indexes, anticorrelations at 500 hPa and composite anomaly maps for seasonally representative months were produced to understand the working mechanism of the NCP. Comparisons included the East Atlantic/Western Russian (EAWR) pattern, a rotated principal component analysis (RPCA) variant of NCP which utilizes pole-based representation. Analysis revealed that the NCP was correlated well with the Mediterranean trough displacement and with the strength of the East Asian trough. Climate anomalies indicated by the NCP were greater and more spatially consistent compared to other teleconnections. The NCP also showed higher contrasts of temperature and precipitation than the EAWR based on the composite anomaly maps. In conclusion, the NCP explained climate variability in all seasons linking remote centres of action within Eurasia's east and west extremes.

Citation

Çağlar, F., Yetemen, O., Chun, K. P., & Sen, O. L. (2023). The merit of the North Sea-Caspian pattern in explaining climate variability in the Euro-Mediterranean region. International Journal of Climatology, 43(10), 4648-4661. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.8108

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 30, 2023
Online Publication Date May 15, 2023
Publication Date Aug 31, 2023
Deposit Date May 14, 2023
Publicly Available Date Aug 17, 2023
Journal International Journal of Climatology
Print ISSN 0899-8418
Electronic ISSN 1097-0088
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 10
Pages 4648-4661
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.8108
Keywords Joint distribution; North Sea; Caspian Pattern; climate variability; climate
Public URL https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/10784473

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