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Chemical Wave Computing from Labware to Electrical Systems

Chatzinikolaou, Theodoros Panagiotis; Fyrigos, Iosif-Angelos; Ntinas, Vasileios; Kitsios, Stavros; Tsompanas, Michail-Antisthenis; Bousoulas, Panagiotis; Tsoukalas, Dimitris; Adamatzky, Andrew; Sirakoulis, Georgios Ch.

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Theodoros Panagiotis Chatzinikolaou

Iosif-Angelos Fyrigos

Vasileios Ntinas

Stavros Kitsios

Panagiotis Bousoulas

Dimitris Tsoukalas

Georgios Ch. Sirakoulis


Unconventional and, specifically, wave computing has been repeatedly studied in laboratory based experiments by utilizing chemical systems like a thin film of Belousov–Zhabotinsky (BZ) reactions. Nonetheless, the principles demonstrated by this chemical computer were mimicked by mathematical models to enhance the understanding of these systems and enable a more detailed investigation of their capacity. As expected, the computerized counterparts of the laboratory based experiments are faster and less expensive. A further step of acceleration in wave-based computing is the development of electrical circuits that imitate the dynamics of chemical computers. A key component of the electrical circuits is the memristor which facilitates the non-linear behavior of the chemical systems. As part of this concept, the road-map of the inspiration from wave-based computing on chemical media towards the implementation of equivalent systems on oscillating memristive circuits was studied here. For illustration reasons, the most straightforward example was demonstrated, namely the approximation of Boolean gates.


Chatzinikolaou, T. P., Fyrigos, I., Ntinas, V., Kitsios, S., Tsompanas, M., Bousoulas, P., …Sirakoulis, G. C. (2022). Chemical Wave Computing from Labware to Electrical Systems. Electronics, 11(11), Article 1683.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date May 10, 2022
Online Publication Date May 25, 2022
Publication Date May 25, 2022
Deposit Date Feb 9, 2023
Publicly Available Date Feb 9, 2023
Journal Electronics (Switzerland)
Electronic ISSN 2079-9292
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 11
Article Number 1683
Keywords Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Computer Networks and Communications; Hardware and Architecture; Signal Processing; Control and Systems Engineering; memristor; memristive circuits; oscillatory networks; unconventional computing; chemical computing;
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