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Violations of transitivity under fitness maximization

Houston, Alasdair I.; McNamara, John M.; Steer, Mark D.


Alasdair I. Houston

John M. McNamara

Mark Steer
Senior Lecturer in Conservation Biology


We present a novel demonstration that violations of transitive choice can result from decision strategies that maximize fitness. Our results depend on how the available options, including options not currently chosen, influence a decision-maker's expectations about the future. In particular, they depend on how the presence of an option may act as an insurance against a run of bad luck in the future. © 2007 The Royal Society.


Houston, A. I., McNamara, J. M., & Steer, M. D. (2007). Violations of transitivity under fitness maximization. Biology Letters, 3(4), 365-367.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 22, 2007
Journal Biology Letters
Electronic ISSN 1744-957X
Publisher Royal Society, The
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 4
Pages 365-367
Public URL
Publisher URL