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Fatal and non-fatal fire injuries in England 1995-2004: Time trends and inequalities by age, sex and area deprivation

Mulvaney, C.; Towner, Elizabeth; Kendrick, D.; Brussoni, M.; Powell, Jane; Hayes, M.; Robertson, S.; Ward, H.


C. Mulvaney

Elizabeth Towner

D. Kendrick

M. Brussoni

Jane Powell
Professor in Public Health Economics

M. Hayes

H. Ward


To examine time trends and deprivation gradients in fire-related deaths and injuries.

A cross-sectional study and time trend analysis using data on fire casualties in England between 1995 and 2004 obtained from the Department for Communities and Local Government. Injury rates were calculated assuming a Poisson distribution. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were calculated to compare changes in deprivation gradients over time.

There were significant reductions in fatal and non-fatal fire injuries in children (fatal injuries IRR χ21 = 11.18, P < 0.001; non-fatal injuries IRR χ22 = 61.44, P < 0.001), adults (fatal injuries IRR χ21 = 15.99, P < 0.001; non-fatal injuries IRR χ22 = 183.25, P < 0.001) and older people (fatal injuries IRR χ21 = 56.88, P < 0.001; non-fatal injuries IRR χ22 = 54.09, P < 0.001) between 1995 and 2004. Adult and child fire deaths were most commonly caused by smokers' materials (e.g. cigarettes, cigars and tobacco), and cigarette lighters and matches, respectively. Cooking appliances caused most non-fatal fire injuries. Injury rates increased with increasing levels of deprivation and deprivation gradients did not change over 10 years.

Fire prevention interventions should promote the safe use of cooking and heating appliances and the responsible use of smokers' materials, lighters and matches, and should target those at greater risk of fire, including the socially disadvantaged.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 1, 2009
Journal Journal of Public Health
Print ISSN 1741-3842
Electronic ISSN 1741-3850
Publisher Oxford University Press (OUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 1
Pages 154-161
APA6 Citation Powell, J., Towner, E., Mulvaney, C., Kendrick, D., Towner, E., Brussoni, M., …Ward, H. (2009). Fatal and non-fatal fire injuries in England 1995-2004: Time trends and inequalities by age, sex and area deprivation. Journal of Public Health, 31(1), 154-161.
Keywords fire injuries, England, time trends, inequalities, age, sex, area deprivation
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