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Introduction: Setting the scene

Razzaque, Jona; Futhazar, Guillaume; Maljean-Dubois, Sandrine


Guillaume Futhazar

Sandrine Maljean-Dubois


In 2020, the cognitive dissonance of environmental governance was made painfully clear. At the same time that the pandemic shed light on the disastrous and direct consequences of environmental degradation for the well-being of humans worldwide, environmental exploitation and mismanagement nevertheless continued, mostly, in a ruinous “business as usual” fashion.

The most recent edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook is clear: “none of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets3 will be fully met.” This assessment is unfortunately similar to the outcome of the 2002 strategic plan for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) that ended in 2010 on the same observation. These failures are not uncommon in international environmental law, and the field inevitably carries a sense of pessimism. It is now a truism to point out that the exponential growth of this branch of international law stands in stark contrast with the factual situation. In many ways, international environmental law is fraught with unfulfilled promises.
But necessity is the mother of invention. And we have witnessed legal developments in the past years that have the potential to facilitate better implementation of international environmental law.


Razzaque, J., Futhazar, G., & Maljean-Dubois, S. (2023). Introduction: Setting the scene. In Biodiversity Litigation (1-32). Oxford University Press

Acceptance Date Mar 31, 2022
Publication Date Dec 8, 2023
Deposit Date Oct 13, 2022
Publicly Available Date Dec 9, 2024
Publisher Oxford University Press
Pages 1-32
Edition 1st
Book Title Biodiversity Litigation
Chapter Number 1
ISBN 9780192865465
Public URL
Publisher URL


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