We have, perhaps, 12 years to restore planetary balance if we are to avert irreversible and abrupt environmental change with deleterious, or even disastrous, consequences for humans. In recent years, several paradigms have emerged which may offer a way forward and which are now being discussed and/or implemented at a national level: Green Economy (e.g. South Korea); Ecological Civilisation (China); Sufficient Economy (Thailand) and ‘Living Well’ or ‘Vivir Bien’ (e.g. Bolivia). All are potentially promising but, though there are overlaps and parallels among them, they currently represent different transition
directions. Therefore, it is vital to explore their consequences and implications. This video is one of a series linked to ESRC funded research project entitled ‘Fair and Inclusive Environmental and Social Transition Alternatives: Learning from the 'Living
Well' and 'Green Economy' pathways to sustainability’. Between February 2016 and January 2019, the project, led by Dr Karen Bell, explores the question of how to develop more sustainable, just and equitable societies.The two pathways are examined in terms of their relative merits for enabling sustainable development and environmental justice goals to be met, according to the new, post-2015, United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Environmental Justice Indicator (EJI) criteria. This video focuses on some of the criticisms that citizens of Bolivia made about the concept or implementation of Vivir Bien.
For further information, see:
Bell, K. (2018). Criticisms of Vivir Bien