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Effect of fibre wrinkling to the spring-in behaviour of L-shaped composite materials



Nuri Ersoy


© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. To determine the amount of deformation resulting from fibre wrinkling at corner regions, a set of experiments have been conducted. As known in the conventional lay-up method, the prepregs are laid sequentially layer by layer on the mould surface. At the corner region of a female tool the radius decreases at the inner surface and the amount of wrinkles increase towards the top layer as the layers are laid up. In order to determine how much these wrinkles influence the dimensional stability of the manufactured parts, an alternative lay-up method is used. The amount of the wrinkles can be increased for the parts of same geometry by first stacking prepregs on a flat plate and then bending the whole stack to conform to the surface of the L-shaped mould. In this method, more wrinkling occurs on the inner surface of the corner regions as compared to the conventional lay-up procedure. It was found that fibre wrinkling decreases the spring-in values. The mechanism behind that observation is discussed with the help of a heuristic Finite Element Analysis (FEA). The conformation of the stacked prepregs on the mould was simulated by using FEA.


Çinar, K., & Ersoy, N. (2015). Effect of fibre wrinkling to the spring-in behaviour of L-shaped composite materials. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 69, 105-114.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 25, 2014
Online Publication Date Nov 11, 2014
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Journal Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Print ISSN 1359-835X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 69
Pages 105-114
Keywords polymer-matrix composites (PMCs), residual/internal stress, defects, finite element analysis (FEA)
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Additional Information : This is the author's accepted manuscript. The final published version is available here:


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