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Moving radiation protection on from the limitations of empirical concentration ratios

Beresford, N. A.; Willey, Neil

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Authors

N. A. Beresford

Neil Willey Neil.Willey@uwe.ac.uk
Professor in Env Plant Physiology



Abstract

Radionuclide activity concentrations in food crops and wildlife are most often predicted using empirical concentration ratios (CRs). The CR approach is simple to apply and some data exist with which to parameterise models. However, the parameter is highly variable leading to considerable uncertainty in predictions. Furthermore, for both crops and wildlife we have no, or few, data for many radionuclides and realistically, we are never going to have specific data for every radionuclide - wildlife/crop combination. In this paper, we present an alternative approach using residual maximum likelihood (REML) fitting of a linear mixed effects model; the model output is an estimate of the rank-order of relative values. This methodology gives a less uncertain approach than the CR approach, as it takes into account the effect of site; it also gives a scientifically based extrapolation approach. We demonstrate the approach using the examples of Cs for plants and Pb for terrestrial wildlife. This is the first published application of the REML approach to terrestrial wildlife (previous applications being limited to the consideration of plants). The model presented gives reasonable predictions for a blind test dataset.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2019
Journal Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Print ISSN 0265-931X
Electronic ISSN 1879-1700
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 208-209
Article Number 106020
APA6 Citation Beresford, N. A., & Willey, N. (2019). Moving radiation protection on from the limitations of empirical concentration ratios. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 208-209, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.106020
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.106020
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2019.106020

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