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Use of a connection-selection scheme in neural XCSF (2010)
Journal Article
Howard, G. D., Bull, L., & Lanzi, P. L. (2010). Use of a connection-selection scheme in neural XCSF. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 6471 LNAI, 87-106. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-17508-4_7

XCSF is a modern form of Learning Classifier System (LCS) that has proven successful in a number of problem domains. In this paper we exploit the modular nature of XCSF to include a number of extensions, namely a neural classifier representation, sel... Read More about Use of a connection-selection scheme in neural XCSF.

Artificial symbiogenesis and differing reproduction rates (2010)
Journal Article
Bull, L. (2010). Artificial symbiogenesis and differing reproduction rates. Artificial Life, 16(1), 65-72. https://doi.org/10.1162/artl.2009.16.1.16102

Symbiosis is the phenomenon in which organisms of different species live together in close association. Symbiogenesis is the name given to the process by which symbiotic partners combine and unify. This letter reconsiders previous work using the NKCS... Read More about Artificial symbiogenesis and differing reproduction rates.

A spiking neural representation for XCSF (2010)
Conference Proceeding
Lanzi, P. L., Howard, G., Howard, D., & Bull, L. (2010). A spiking neural representation for XCSF. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEC.2010.5586035

This paper presents a Learning Classifier System (LCS) where each traditional rule is represented by a spiking neural network, a type of network with dynamic internal state. The evolutionary design process exploits parameter self-adaptation and a con... Read More about A spiking neural representation for XCSF.

Stochastic automated search methods in cellular automata: The discovery of tens of thousands of glider guns (2010)
Journal Article
Bull, L., Adamatzky, A., Sapin, E., Adamatzky, A., Collet, P., & Bull, L. (2010). Stochastic automated search methods in cellular automata: The discovery of tens of thousands of glider guns. Natural Computing, 9(3), 513-543. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11047-009-9109-0

This paper deals with the spontaneous emergence of glider guns in cellular automata. An evolutionary search for glider guns with different parameters is described and other search techniques are also presented to provide a benchmark. We demonstrate t... Read More about Stochastic automated search methods in cellular automata: The discovery of tens of thousands of glider guns.

Computation with competing patterns in life-like automaton (2010)
Book Chapter
Martinez, G. J., Adamatzky, A., Morita, K., & Margenstern, M. (2010). Computation with competing patterns in life-like automaton. In A. Adamatzky (Ed.), Game of life cellular automata, 547-572. Springer

We study a Life-like cellular automaton rule B2/S2345 where a cell in state `0' takes state `1' if it has exactly two neighbors in state `1' and the cell remains in the state `1' if it has between two and five neighbors in state `1.' This automaton i... Read More about Computation with competing patterns in life-like automaton.

Operating binary strings using gliders and eaters in reaction-diffusion cellular automaton (2010)
Journal Article
Martínez, G. J., Adamatzky, A., Martinez, G. J., Zhang, L., & Wuensche, A. (2010). Operating binary strings using gliders and eaters in reaction-diffusion cellular automaton. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 52(1-2), 177-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcm.2010.02.006

We study transformations of 2-, 4- and 6-bit numbers in interactions between traveling and stationary localizations in the Spiral Rule reaction-diffusion cellular automaton. The Spiral Rule automaton is a hexagonal ternary-state two-dimensional cellu... Read More about Operating binary strings using gliders and eaters in reaction-diffusion cellular automaton.

Investigation of the semiochemicals of confused flour beetle Tribolium confusum Jaquelin du Val and grain weevil Sitophilus granarius (L.) in stored wheat grain and flour (2010)
Presentation / Conference
Abuelnnor, N., Jones, P., Ratcliffe, N. M., de Lacy Costello, B., & Spencer-Phillips, P. T. (2010, June). Investigation of the semiochemicals of confused flour beetle Tribolium confusum Jaquelin du Val and grain weevil Sitophilus granarius (L.) in stored wheat grain and flour. Paper presented at 10th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection

This investigation sets out to identify specific volatile compounds from both flour infested with the confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum and wheat grain infested with the grain weevil, Sitophilus granarius. These volatiles could help to aid th... Read More about Investigation of the semiochemicals of confused flour beetle Tribolium confusum Jaquelin du Val and grain weevil Sitophilus granarius (L.) in stored wheat grain and flour.

Computation with competing patterns in Life-like automaton: Binary adder implementation (2010)
Presentation / Conference
Genaro J., M., Kenichi, M., Adamatzky, A., & Maurice, M. (2010, June). Computation with competing patterns in Life-like automaton: Binary adder implementation. Presented at 9th International Conference on Unconventional Computation 2010

We study Life-like cellular automaton rule B2/S2345. This automaton exhibits a chaotic behaviour yet capable for purposeful computation. The automaton implements Boolean gates via patterns which compete for the space when propagate in channels. Value... Read More about Computation with competing patterns in Life-like automaton: Binary adder implementation.

Computation by competing patterns in cellular automata, not-majority binary adder implementation (2010)
Digital Artefact
Martinez, G. J. (2010). Computation by competing patterns in cellular automata, not-majority binary adder implementation

This is an example where competing patterns work as computations in cellular automata model. Here a specific initial configuration in Life-like rule B2/S2345 simulate a NOT-MAJORITY binary adder. For full details about this construction see: http://u... Read More about Computation by competing patterns in cellular automata, not-majority binary adder implementation.

Gas sensor (2010)
Patent
Ratcliffe, N. M., de Lacy Costello, B., & Richards, W. (2010). Gas sensor. EP20080804338

A method of detection of a volatile compound in a gaseous atmosphere comprises irradiating a semiconducting metal oxide material with ultraviolet light, exposing the irradiated material to the gaseous atmosphere and determining the presence of any vo... Read More about Gas sensor.

Characteristics of pattern formation and evolution in approximations of physarum transport networks (2010)
Journal Article
Jones, J. (2010). Characteristics of pattern formation and evolution in approximations of physarum transport networks. Artificial Life, 16(2), 127-153. https://doi.org/10.1162/artl.2010.16.2.16202

Most studies of pattern formation place particular emphasis on its role in the development of complex multicellular body plans. In simpler organisms, however, pattern formation is intrinsic to growth and behavior. Inspired by one such organism, the t... Read More about Characteristics of pattern formation and evolution in approximations of physarum transport networks.

Parallel data mining-case study (2010)
Report
Tekiner, F., Pettipher, M., Bull, L., Studley, M., Whittley, I., & Bagnall, T. (2010). Parallel data mining-case study

Road planning with slime mould: If Physarum built motorways it would route M6/M74 through Newcastle (2010)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., & Jones, J. (2010). Road planning with slime mould: If Physarum built motorways it would route M6/M74 through Newcastle. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 20(10), 3065-3084. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0218127410027568

Plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum is a single cell visible by unaided eye. During its foraging behavior the cell spans spatially distributed sources of nutrients with a protoplasmic network. Geometrical structure of the protoplasmic networks allows... Read More about Road planning with slime mould: If Physarum built motorways it would route M6/M74 through Newcastle.

On generative morphological diversity of elementary cellular automata (2010)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., & Martinez, G. J. (2010). On generative morphological diversity of elementary cellular automata. Kybernetes, 39(1), 72-82. https://doi.org/10.1108/03684921011021282

Purpose: Studies in complexity of cellular automata do usually deal with measures taken on integral dynamics or statistical measures of space-time configurations. No one has tried to analyze a generative power of cellular-automaton machines. The purp... Read More about On generative morphological diversity of elementary cellular automata.

Complex dynamics emerging in Rule 30 with majority memory (2010)
Journal Article
Martinez, G. J., Adamatzky, A., Alonso-Sanz, R., & Mora, J. C. (2010). Complex dynamics emerging in Rule 30 with majority memory. Complex Systems -Champaign-, 18(3), 345-365

In cellular automata with memory, the unchanged maps of the conventional cellular automata are applied to cells endowed with memory of their past states in some specified interval. We implement Rule 30 automata with a majority memory and show that usi... Read More about Complex dynamics emerging in Rule 30 with majority memory.