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Electrical Properties of Solvated Tectomers: Toward Zettascale Computing (2019)
Journal Article
Chiolerio, A., Draper, T. C., Jost, C., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Electrical Properties of Solvated Tectomers: Toward Zettascale Computing. Advanced Electronic Materials, 5(12), https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.201900202

© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Liquid cybernetic systems with embodied intelligence solutions mimicking biologic systems, in response to future increasingly distributed sensing and the resulting data to be managed, has been propo... Read More about Electrical Properties of Solvated Tectomers: Toward Zettascale Computing.

Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators (2019)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Draper, T. C., Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators. Journal of Biological Engineering, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-019-0200-5

Background The green algae balls (Aegagropila linnaei), known as Marimo, are large spherical colonies of live photosynthetic filaments, formed by rolling water currents in freshwater lakes. Photosynthesis therein produces gas bubbles that can attach... Read More about Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators.

Belousov-Zhabotinsky liquid marbles in robot control (2019)
Journal Article
Tsompanas, M., Fullarton, C., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Belousov-Zhabotinsky liquid marbles in robot control. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 295, 194-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2019.04.152

We show how to control the movement of a wheeled robot using on-board liquid marbles made of Belousov-Zhabotinsky solution droplets coated with polyethylene powder. Two stainless steel, iridium coated electrodes were inserted in a marble and the elec... Read More about Belousov-Zhabotinsky liquid marbles in robot control.

Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions (2019)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Fullarton, C., Mayne, R., Phillips, N., Canciani, G. E., De Lacy Costello, B. P., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions. Soft Matter, 15(17), 3541-3551. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9sm00328b

© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Liquid marbles (LMs) have many promising roles in the ongoing development of microfluidics, microreactors, bioreactors, and unconventional computing. In many of these applications, the coalescence of two LMs is... Read More about Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions.

Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles (2019)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., Costello, B. D. L., & Draper, T. C. (2019). Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles. Royal Society Open Science, 6(4), 190078. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190078

© 2019 The Authors. External control of oscillation dynamics in the Belousov- Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction is important for many applications including encoding computing schemes. When considering the BZ reaction, there are limited studies dealing with... Read More about Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles.

Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes (2019)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Phillips, N., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes. Œ.., 1(1), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41965-018-00006-7

P-systems are abstract computational models inspired by the phospholipid bilayer membranes generated by biological cells. Illustrated here is a mechanism by which recursive liposome structures (multivesicular liposomes) may be experimentally produced... Read More about Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes.

Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems (2018)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B. P. J., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems. Scientific Reports, 8(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32540-w

© 2018, The Author(s). A mechanical flip-flop actuator has been developed that allows for the facile re-routing and distribution of liquid marbles (LMs) in digital microfluidic devices. Shaped loosely like a triangle, the actuating switch pivots fro... Read More about Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems.

Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles (2018)
Journal Article
Fullarton, C., Draper, T., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles. Journal of Physics: Materials, 2(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7639/aaed4c

In Belousov–Zhabotinsky (BZ) type reactions, chemical oxidation waves can be exploited to produce reaction-diffusion processors. This paper reports on a new method of encapsulating BZ solution in a powder coating of either polyethylene (PE) or polyte... Read More about Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles.

Fluidic gates simulated with lattice Boltzmann method under different Reynolds numbers (2018)
Journal Article
Tsompanas, M. A., & Andrew, A. (2018). Fluidic gates simulated with lattice Boltzmann method under different Reynolds numbers. Journal of Computational Science, 28, 51-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocs.2018.08.003

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Fluidic devices use fluid as a medium for information transfer and computation. Boolean values are represented by the presence of fluid jets in the input and output channels. Velocity of a fluid is one of the parameters determini... Read More about Fluidic gates simulated with lattice Boltzmann method under different Reynolds numbers.

Street map analysis with excitable chemical medium (2018)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A. (2018). Street map analysis with excitable chemical medium. Physical Review E, 98(1), 012306. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.98.012306

© 2018 American Physical Society. Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) thin layer solution is a fruitful substrate for designing unconventional computing devices. A range of logical circuits, wet electronic devices, and neuromorphic prototypes have been constru... Read More about Street map analysis with excitable chemical medium.

A Cilia-inspired Closed-loop Sensor-actuator Array (2018)
Journal Article
Whiting, J. G., Whiting, J., Mayne, R., Melhuish, C., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). A Cilia-inspired Closed-loop Sensor-actuator Array. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 15(3), 526-532. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-018-0043-7

© 2018, Jilin University. Cilia are finger-like cell-surface organelles that are used by certain varieties of aquatic unicellular organisms for motility, sensing and object manipulation. Initiated by internal generators and external mechanical and ch... Read More about A Cilia-inspired Closed-loop Sensor-actuator Array.

Modelling microbial fuel cells using Lattice Boltzmann methods (2018)
Journal Article
Tsompanas, M. A., Adamatzky, A., Ieropoulos, I., Phillips, N., Sirakoulis, G., & Greenman, J. (2019). Modelling microbial fuel cells using Lattice Boltzmann methods. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, 6(16), 2035-2045. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCBB.2018.2831223

An accurate modelling of bio-electrochemical processes that govern Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) and mapping their behaviour according to several parameters will enhance the development of MFC technology and enable their successful implementation in we... Read More about Modelling microbial fuel cells using Lattice Boltzmann methods.

Slime mould: The fundamental mechanisms of biological cognition (2018)
Journal Article
Vallverdú, J., Castro, O., Mayne, R., Talanov, M., Levin, M., Baluška, F., …Adamatzky, A. (2018). Slime mould: The fundamental mechanisms of biological cognition. BioSystems, 165, 57-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.12.011

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The slime mould Physarum polycephalum has been used in developing unconventional computing devices for in which the slime mould played a role of a sensing, actuating, and computing device. These devices treated the slime mould as... Read More about Slime mould: The fundamental mechanisms of biological cognition.

Toxicity and Applications of Internalised Magnetite Nanoparticles Within Live Paramecium caudatum Cells (2018)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Whiting, J., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Toxicity and Applications of Internalised Magnetite Nanoparticles Within Live Paramecium caudatum Cells. BioNanoScience, 8(1), 90-94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12668-017-0425-z

© 2017, The Author(s). The nanotechnology revolution has allowed us to speculate on the possibility of hybridising nanoscale materials with live substrates, yet significant doubt still remains pertaining to the effects of nanomaterials on biological... Read More about Toxicity and Applications of Internalised Magnetite Nanoparticles Within Live Paramecium caudatum Cells.

Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing (2018)
Journal Article
Fullarton, C., Draper, T., Phillips, N., Mayne, R., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing. Langmuir, 34(7), 2573-2580. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04196

© 2018 American Chemical Society. Liquid marbles (LMs) have recently attracted interest for use as cargo carriers in digital microfluidics and have successfully been implemented as signal carriers in collision-based unconventional computing circuits.... Read More about Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing.

Mechanical sequential counting with liquid marbles (2018)
Journal Article
Draper, T., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Mechanical sequential counting with liquid marbles. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 10867 LNCS, 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92435-9_5

© 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature. Here we demonstrate the first working example of a liquid marble-operated sequential binary counting device. We have designed a lightweight gate that can be actuated by the low ma... Read More about Mechanical sequential counting with liquid marbles.

Liquid marble interaction gate for collision-based computing (2017)
Journal Article
de Lacy Costello, B. P., Draper, T. C., Draper, T., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2017). Liquid marble interaction gate for collision-based computing. Materials Today, 20(10), 561-568. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2017.09.004

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Liquid marbles are microliter droplets of liquid, encapsulated by self-organized hydrophobic particles at the liquid/air interface. They offer an efficient approach for manipulating liquid droplets and compartmentalizing reactions... Read More about Liquid marble interaction gate for collision-based computing.

Towards implementation of cellular automata in Microbial Fuel Cells (2017)
Journal Article
Sirakoulis, G. C., Tsompanas, M. A. I., Tsompanas, M. A., Adamatzky, A., Sirakoulis, G. C., Greenman, J., & Ieropoulos, I. (2017). Towards implementation of cellular automata in Microbial Fuel Cells. PLoS ONE, 12(5), e0177528. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177528

© 2017 Tsompanas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are... Read More about Towards implementation of cellular automata in Microbial Fuel Cells.

Cellular non-linear network model of microbial fuel cell (2017)
Journal Article
Sirakoulis, G. C., Phillips, N., Tsompanas, M. A., Adamatzky, A., Ieropoulos, I., Phillips, G. N., …Greenman, J. (2017). Cellular non-linear network model of microbial fuel cell. BioSystems, 156-157, 53-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.003

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. A cellular non-linear network (CNN) is a uniform regular array of locally connected continuous-state machines, or nodes, which update their states simultaneously in discrete time. A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is an electro-chemica... Read More about Cellular non-linear network model of microbial fuel cell.

On plant roots logical gates (2017)
Journal Article
Mancuso, S., Baluška, F., Martínez, G. J., Sirakoulis, G. C., & Adamatzky, A. (2017). On plant roots logical gates. BioSystems, 156-157, 40-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.002

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Theoretical constructs of logical gates implemented with plant roots are morphological computing asynchronous devices. Values of Boolean variables are represented by plant roots. A presence of a plant root at a given site symboli... Read More about On plant roots logical gates.