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Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators (2019)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Draper, T. C., Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators. Journal of Biological Engineering, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-019-0200-5

Background The green algae balls (Aegagropila linnaei), known as Marimo, are large spherical colonies of live photosynthetic filaments, formed by rolling water currents in freshwater lakes. Photosynthesis therein produces gas bubbles that can attach... Read More about Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators.

Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions (2019)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Fullarton, C., Mayne, R., Phillips, N., Canciani, G. E., De Lacy Costello, B. P., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions. Soft Matter, 15(17), 3541-3551. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9sm00328b

© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Liquid marbles (LMs) have many promising roles in the ongoing development of microfluidics, microreactors, bioreactors, and unconventional computing. In many of these applications, the coalescence of two LMs is... Read More about Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions.

Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes (2019)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Phillips, N., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes. Œ.., 1(1), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41965-018-00006-7

P-systems are abstract computational models inspired by the phospholipid bilayer membranes generated by biological cells. Illustrated here is a mechanism by which recursive liposome structures (multivesicular liposomes) may be experimentally produced... Read More about Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes.

A Cilia-inspired Closed-loop Sensor-actuator Array (2018)
Journal Article
Whiting, J. G., Whiting, J., Mayne, R., Melhuish, C., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). A Cilia-inspired Closed-loop Sensor-actuator Array. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 15(3), 526-532. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-018-0043-7

© 2018, Jilin University. Cilia are finger-like cell-surface organelles that are used by certain varieties of aquatic unicellular organisms for motility, sensing and object manipulation. Initiated by internal generators and external mechanical and ch... Read More about A Cilia-inspired Closed-loop Sensor-actuator Array.

Slime mould: The fundamental mechanisms of biological cognition (2018)
Journal Article
Vallverdú, J., Castro, O., Mayne, R., Talanov, M., Levin, M., Baluška, F., …Adamatzky, A. (2018). Slime mould: The fundamental mechanisms of biological cognition. BioSystems, 165, 57-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.12.011

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The slime mould Physarum polycephalum has been used in developing unconventional computing devices for in which the slime mould played a role of a sensing, actuating, and computing device. These devices treated the slime mould as... Read More about Slime mould: The fundamental mechanisms of biological cognition.

Toxicity and Applications of Internalised Magnetite Nanoparticles Within Live Paramecium caudatum Cells (2018)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Whiting, J., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Toxicity and Applications of Internalised Magnetite Nanoparticles Within Live Paramecium caudatum Cells. BioNanoScience, 8(1), 90-94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12668-017-0425-z

© 2017, The Author(s). The nanotechnology revolution has allowed us to speculate on the possibility of hybridising nanoscale materials with live substrates, yet significant doubt still remains pertaining to the effects of nanomaterials on biological... Read More about Toxicity and Applications of Internalised Magnetite Nanoparticles Within Live Paramecium caudatum Cells.

Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing (2018)
Journal Article
Fullarton, C., Draper, T., Phillips, N., Mayne, R., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing. Langmuir, 34(7), 2573-2580. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04196

© 2018 American Chemical Society. Liquid marbles (LMs) have recently attracted interest for use as cargo carriers in digital microfluidics and have successfully been implemented as signal carriers in collision-based unconventional computing circuits.... Read More about Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing.

Particle sorting by Paramecium cilia arrays (2017)
Journal Article
Whiting, J. G., Mayne, R., Whiting, J., Wheway, G., Melhuish, C., & Adamatzky, A. (2017). Particle sorting by Paramecium cilia arrays. BioSystems, 156-157, 46-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.001

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Motile cilia are cell-surface organelles whose purposes, in ciliated protists and certain ciliated metazoan epithelia, include generating fluid flow, sensing and substance uptake. Certain properties of cilia arrays, such as beati... Read More about Particle sorting by Paramecium cilia arrays.

What if houses were powered by milk? (2017)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Adamatzky, A., & Mayne, R. (2017). What if houses were powered by milk?. BioSystems, 153-154, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.01.002

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Living architectures and green energy are hot topics of the applied sciences. They aim to develop buildings that co-live with their environment and co-habit with people they house. An ultimate goal would be to make every block in... Read More about What if houses were powered by milk?.

Cellular automata modelling of slime mould actin network signalling (2016)
Journal Article
Adamatkzy, A., Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Cellular automata modelling of slime mould actin network signalling. Natural Computing, 18(1), 5-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11047-016-9559-0

© 2016, The Author(s). Actin is a cytoskeletal protein which forms dense, highly interconnected networks within eukaryotic cells. A growing body of evidence suggests that actin-mediated intra- and extracellular signalling is instrumental in facilitat... Read More about Cellular automata modelling of slime mould actin network signalling.

Practical circuits with Physarum Wires (2016)
Journal Article
Whiting, J. G., Whiting, J., Mayne, R., Moody, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2016). Practical circuits with Physarum Wires. Biomedical Engineering Letters, 6(2), 57-65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13534-016-0212-8

© 2016, Korean Society of Medical and Biological Engineering and Springer. Purpose: Protoplasmic tubes of Physarum polycephalum, also know as Physarum Wires (PW), have been previously suggested as novel bio-electronic components. Until recently, prac... Read More about Practical circuits with Physarum Wires.

On modulating the Physarum polycephalum plasmodium's electrical resistance, resting membrane potential and capacitance by application of nanoparticles and nanostructures (2016)
Journal Article
Gizzie, N., Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2016). On modulating the Physarum polycephalum plasmodium's electrical resistance, resting membrane potential and capacitance by application of nanoparticles and nanostructures. Organic Electronics, 32, 267-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2016.02.033

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Physarum polycephalum is a model organism used in the creation of hybrid artificial-biological devices. Among its demonstrated uses in biocomputing it is able to grow self healing 'wires' which can be used to... Read More about On modulating the Physarum polycephalum plasmodium's electrical resistance, resting membrane potential and capacitance by application of nanoparticles and nanostructures.

On hybrid circuits exploiting thermistive properties of slime mould (2016)
Journal Article
Ieropoulos, I. A., Walter, X. A., Horsfield, I., Mayne, R., Ieropoulos, I., & Adamatzky, A. (2016). On hybrid circuits exploiting thermistive properties of slime mould. Scientific Reports, 6(23924), https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23924

Slime mould Physarum polycephalum is a single cell visible by the unaided eye. Let the slime mould span two electrodes with a single protoplasmic tube: if the tube is heated to approximately ≈40 °C, the electrical resistance of the protoplasmic tube... Read More about On hybrid circuits exploiting thermistive properties of slime mould.

On coupled oscillator dynamics and incident behaviour patterns in slime mould Physarum polycephalum: Emergence of wave packets, global streaming clock frequencies and anticipation of periodic stimuli (2016)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Jones, J., Gale, E., & Adamatzky, A. (2017). On coupled oscillator dynamics and incident behaviour patterns in slime mould Physarum polycephalum: Emergence of wave packets, global streaming clock frequencies and anticipation of periodic stimuli. International Journal of Parallel, Emergent and Distributed Systems, 32(1), 95-118. https://doi.org/10.1080/17445760.2016.1156108

Slime mould Physarum polycephalum is a single cell which physically oscillates via contraction of actomyosin in order to achieve motility. Several of its apparently ‘intelligent’ behaviour patterns such as anticipatory responses to periodic stimuli h... Read More about On coupled oscillator dynamics and incident behaviour patterns in slime mould Physarum polycephalum: Emergence of wave packets, global streaming clock frequencies and anticipation of periodic stimuli.

Emergent behaviors in a bio-inspired platform controlled by a physical cellular automata cluster (2016)
Journal Article
Assaf, T., Mayne, R., Adamatzky, A., & Melhuish, C. (2016). Emergent behaviors in a bio-inspired platform controlled by a physical cellular automata cluster. Biomimetics, 1(1), 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomimetics1010005

This work illustrates behavior patterns and trajectories of a bio-inspired artificial platform induced by a cellular automata (CA)-based control strategy. The platform embeds both CA control as physical electronic architecture and a distributed hardw... Read More about Emergent behaviors in a bio-inspired platform controlled by a physical cellular automata cluster.

On the development of slime mould morphological, intracellular and heterotic computing devices (2016)
Thesis
Mayne, R. On the development of slime mould morphological, intracellular and heterotic computing devices. (Thesis). University of the West of England

The use of live biological substrates in the fabrication of unconventional computing (UC) devices is steadily transcending the barriers between science fiction and reality, but efforts in this direction are impeded by ethical considerations, the fiel... Read More about On the development of slime mould morphological, intracellular and heterotic computing devices.

Living wires — Effects of size and coating of gold nanoparticles in altering the electrical properties of Physarum polycephalum and lettuce seedlings (2016)
Journal Article
Gizzie, N., Mayne, R., Yitzchaik, S., Ikbal, M., & Adamatzky, A. (2016). Living wires — Effects of size and coating of gold nanoparticles in altering the electrical properties of Physarum polycephalum and lettuce seedlings. Nano LIFE, 6(1), 1650001. https://doi.org/10.1142/S179398441650001X

The manipulation of biological substrates is becoming more popular route toward generating novel computing devices. Physarum polycephalum is used as a model organism in biocomputingbecause it can create "wires" for use in hybrid circuits; programmab... Read More about Living wires — Effects of size and coating of gold nanoparticles in altering the electrical properties of Physarum polycephalum and lettuce seedlings.

On the computing potential of intracellular vesicles (2015)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2015). On the computing potential of intracellular vesicles. PLoS ONE, 10(10), e0139617. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139617

© 2015 Mayne, Adamatzky. Collision-based computing (CBC) is a form of unconventional computing in which travelling localisations represent data and conditional routing of signals determines the output state; collisions between localisations represent... Read More about On the computing potential of intracellular vesicles.

Towards a slime Mould-FPGA interface (2015)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Tsompanas, M. A., Sirakoulis, G. C., & Adamatzky, A. (2015). Towards a slime Mould-FPGA interface. Biomedical Engineering Letters, 5(1), 51-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13534-015-0173-3

© 2015, Korean Society of Medical and Biological Engineering and Springer. Purpose: The plasmodium of slime mouldPhysarum polycephalum: is a multinucleate single celled organism which behaves as a living amorphous unconventional computing substrate.... Read More about Towards a slime Mould-FPGA interface.

Slime mould foraging behaviour as optically coupled logical operations (2015)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2015). Slime mould foraging behaviour as optically coupled logical operations. International Journal of General Systems, 44(3), 305-313. https://doi.org/10.1080/03081079.2014.997528

Physarum polycephalum is a macroscopic plasmodial slime mould whose apparently ‘intelligent’behaviour patterns may be interpreted as computation.We employ plasmodial phototactic responses to construct laboratory prototypes of NOT and NAND logical gat... Read More about Slime mould foraging behaviour as optically coupled logical operations.