Skip to main content

Research Repository

See what's under the surface


Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators (2019)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Draper, T. C., Mayne, R., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators. Journal of Biological Engineering, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-019-0200-5

Background The green algae balls (Aegagropila linnaei), known as Marimo, are large spherical colonies of live photosynthetic filaments, formed by rolling water currents in freshwater lakes. Photosynthesis therein produces gas bubbles that can attach... Read More about Marimo machines: Oscillators, biosensors and actuators.

Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions (2019)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Fullarton, C., Mayne, R., Phillips, N., Canciani, G. E., De Lacy Costello, B. P., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions. Soft Matter, 15(17), 3541-3551. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9sm00328b

© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Liquid marbles (LMs) have many promising roles in the ongoing development of microfluidics, microreactors, bioreactors, and unconventional computing. In many of these applications, the coalescence of two LMs is... Read More about Mapping outcomes of liquid marble collisions.

Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles (2019)
Journal Article
Adamatzky, A., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., Costello, B. D. L., & Draper, T. C. (2019). Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles. Royal Society Open Science, 6(4), 190078. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190078

© 2019 The Authors. External control of oscillation dynamics in the Belousov- Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction is important for many applications including encoding computing schemes. When considering the BZ reaction, there are limited studies dealing with... Read More about Thermal switch of oscillation frequency in belousov- zhabotinsky liquid marbles.

Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes (2019)
Journal Article
Mayne, R., Phillips, N., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes. Œ.., 1(1), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41965-018-00006-7

P-systems are abstract computational models inspired by the phospholipid bilayer membranes generated by biological cells. Illustrated here is a mechanism by which recursive liposome structures (multivesicular liposomes) may be experimentally produced... Read More about Towards experimental P-systems using multivesicular liposomes.

Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems (2018)
Journal Article
Draper, T. C., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B. P. J., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems. Scientific Reports, 8(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-32540-w

© 2018, The Author(s). A mechanical flip-flop actuator has been developed that allows for the facile re-routing and distribution of liquid marbles (LMs) in digital microfluidic devices. Shaped loosely like a triangle, the actuating switch pivots fro... Read More about Liquid Marble Actuator for Microfluidic Logic Systems.

Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles (2018)
Journal Article
Fullarton, C., Draper, T., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2019). Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles. Journal of Physics: Materials, 2(1), https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7639/aaed4c

In Belousov–Zhabotinsky (BZ) type reactions, chemical oxidation waves can be exploited to produce reaction-diffusion processors. This paper reports on a new method of encapsulating BZ solution in a powder coating of either polyethylene (PE) or polyte... Read More about Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in liquid marbles.

Modelling microbial fuel cells using Lattice Boltzmann methods (2018)
Journal Article
Tsompanas, M. A., Adamatzky, A., Ieropoulos, I., Phillips, N., Sirakoulis, G., & Greenman, J. (2019). Modelling microbial fuel cells using Lattice Boltzmann methods. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, 6(16), 2035-2045. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCBB.2018.2831223

An accurate modelling of bio-electrochemical processes that govern Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) and mapping their behaviour according to several parameters will enhance the development of MFC technology and enable their successful implementation in we... Read More about Modelling microbial fuel cells using Lattice Boltzmann methods.

Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing (2018)
Journal Article
Fullarton, C., Draper, T., Phillips, N., Mayne, R., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing. Langmuir, 34(7), 2573-2580. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04196

© 2018 American Chemical Society. Liquid marbles (LMs) have recently attracted interest for use as cargo carriers in digital microfluidics and have successfully been implemented as signal carriers in collision-based unconventional computing circuits.... Read More about Evaporation, Lifetime, and Robustness Studies of Liquid Marbles for Collision-Based Computing.

Mechanical sequential counting with liquid marbles (2018)
Journal Article
Draper, T., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2018). Mechanical sequential counting with liquid marbles. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 10867 LNCS, 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-92435-9_5

© 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature. Here we demonstrate the first working example of a liquid marble-operated sequential binary counting device. We have designed a lightweight gate that can be actuated by the low ma... Read More about Mechanical sequential counting with liquid marbles.

Liquid marble interaction gate for collision-based computing (2017)
Journal Article
de Lacy Costello, B. P., Draper, T. C., Draper, T., Fullarton, C., Phillips, N., de Lacy Costello, B., & Adamatzky, A. (2017). Liquid marble interaction gate for collision-based computing. Materials Today, 20(10), 561-568. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2017.09.004

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Liquid marbles are microliter droplets of liquid, encapsulated by self-organized hydrophobic particles at the liquid/air interface. They offer an efficient approach for manipulating liquid droplets and compartmentalizing reactions... Read More about Liquid marble interaction gate for collision-based computing.

Cellular non-linear network model of microbial fuel cell (2017)
Journal Article
Sirakoulis, G. C., Phillips, N., Tsompanas, M. A., Adamatzky, A., Ieropoulos, I., Phillips, G. N., …Greenman, J. (2017). Cellular non-linear network model of microbial fuel cell. BioSystems, 156-157, 53-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.04.003

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. A cellular non-linear network (CNN) is a uniform regular array of locally connected continuous-state machines, or nodes, which update their states simultaneously in discrete time. A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is an electro-chemica... Read More about Cellular non-linear network model of microbial fuel cell.

What if houses were powered by milk? (2017)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Adamatzky, A., & Mayne, R. (2017). What if houses were powered by milk?. BioSystems, 153-154, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystems.2017.01.002

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Living architectures and green energy are hot topics of the applied sciences. They aim to develop buildings that co-live with their environment and co-habit with people they house. An ultimate goal would be to make every block in... Read More about What if houses were powered by milk?.