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An exploration of bisexual, lesbian, and heterosexual women's body dissatisfaction, and body hair and make-up practices (2017)
Journal Article
Hayfield, N., Halliwell, E., & Clarke, V. (2017). An exploration of bisexual, lesbian, and heterosexual women's body dissatisfaction, and body hair and make-up practices. Psychology of Sexualities Section Review, 8(2), 55-67

Body image pressures for heterosexual women are well established. However, lesbian body image is less well understood, while bisexual women have largely been overlooked with the psychological literature. Further, women's investment in ‘traditional’ a... Read More about An exploration of bisexual, lesbian, and heterosexual women's body dissatisfaction, and body hair and make-up practices.

‘Not hiding, not shouting, just me’: Gay men negotiate their visual identities (2015)
Journal Article
Clarke, V., & Smith, M. (2015). ‘Not hiding, not shouting, just me’: Gay men negotiate their visual identities. Journal of Homosexuality, 62(1), 4-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2014.957119

This study explored how British gay men make sense of their appearance and clothing practices, and the pressures and concerns they attend to in discursively negotiating their visual identities. A convenience sample of 20 mostly young, White and middl... Read More about ‘Not hiding, not shouting, just me’: Gay men negotiate their visual identities.

An Examination of the Tripartite Influence Model of Body Image: Does Women’s Sexual Identity Make a Difference? (2014)
Journal Article
Huxley, C. J., Halliwell, E., & Clarke, V. (2015). An Examination of the Tripartite Influence Model of Body Image: Does Women’s Sexual Identity Make a Difference?. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 39(3), 337-348. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684314554917

© 2014, © The Author(s) 2014. According to the tripartite influence model of body image, appearance pressures from family, friends, partners, and the media lead to body dissatisfaction and restrained eating behaviours. There is strong support for thi... Read More about An Examination of the Tripartite Influence Model of Body Image: Does Women’s Sexual Identity Make a Difference?.

How to use thematic analysis with interview data (process research) (2014)
Book Chapter
Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Rance, N. (2014). How to use thematic analysis with interview data (process research). In N. P. Moller, & A. Vossler (Eds.), The Counselling & Psychotherapy Research HandbookSage

This chapter introduces you to thematic analysis (TA), one of the many methods of analysis for qualitative research. Qualitative research, like all research, begins with a research question. In contrast to quantitative research, in which the research... Read More about How to use thematic analysis with interview data (process research).

Thematic analysis (2014)
Book Chapter
Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Terry, G. (2014). Thematic analysis. In A. Lyons, & P. Rohleder (Eds.), Qualitative Research in Clinical and Health PsychologyPalgrave MacMillan

Thematic analysis (TA) is a method for identifying, analysing and interpreting patterned meanings or ‘themes’ in qualitative data. In this chapter we outline our approach to TA (Braun & Clarke, 2006, 2012, 2013) and demonstrate core processes of codi... Read More about Thematic analysis.

"It feels so good it almost hurts": Young adults' experiences of orgasm and sexual pleasure (2014)
Journal Article
Opperman, E., Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Rogers, C. (2014). "It feels so good it almost hurts": Young adults' experiences of orgasm and sexual pleasure. Journal of Sex Research, 51(5), 503-515. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2012.753982

Orgasm is a "goal" of much sexual activity, and a source of potentially intense pleasure and fulfillment, yet can be fraught with difficulty or distress. Relatively little social science research has explored people's experiences around, and their me... Read More about "It feels so good it almost hurts": Young adults' experiences of orgasm and sexual pleasure.

Thematic analysis (2014)
Book Chapter
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2014). Thematic analysis. In A. C. Michalos (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being ResearchSpringer

Thematic analysis (TA) is a method for identifying and interpreting patterns of meaning across qualitative data.

A qualitative exploration of whether lesbian and bisexual women are ‘protected’ from sociocultural pressure to be thin (2014)
Journal Article
Huxley, C., Clarke, V., & Halliwell, E. (2014). A qualitative exploration of whether lesbian and bisexual women are ‘protected’ from sociocultural pressure to be thin. Journal of Health Psychology, 19(2), 273-284. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105312468496

Heterosexual women in Western cultures are known to experience body image concerns, dieting and disordered eating as a result of intense social pressures to be thin. However, it is theorised that lesbian and bisexual women belong to a subculture whi... Read More about A qualitative exploration of whether lesbian and bisexual women are ‘protected’ from sociocultural pressure to be thin.

Thematic analysis (2014)
Book Chapter
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2014). Thematic analysis. In T. Teo (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Critical PsychologySpringer

Empirical research within critical psychology is strongly associated with the use of qualitative methods. In the field of qualitative psychology a distinction can be made between experiential and critical approaches (Braun & Clarke, 2012a, Reicher, 2... Read More about Thematic analysis.

Bisexual women's understandings of social marginalisation: 'The heterosexuals don't understand US but nor do the lesbians' (2014)
Journal Article
Hayfield, N., Clarke, V., & Halliwell, E. (2014). Bisexual women's understandings of social marginalisation: 'The heterosexuals don't understand US but nor do the lesbians'. Feminism and Psychology, 24(3), 352-372. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959353514539651

Drawing on interviews with 20 self-identified bisexual women, this paper contributes to the limited psychological literature on bisexual women by exploring their experiences of social marginalisation. These (mainly white and middle class) British bis... Read More about Bisexual women's understandings of social marginalisation: 'The heterosexuals don't understand US but nor do the lesbians'.

"It Shouldn't Stick Out from Your Bikini at the Beach": Meaning, Gender, and the Hairy/Hairless Body (2013)
Journal Article
Braun, V., Tricklebank, G., & Clarke, V. (2013). "It Shouldn't Stick Out from Your Bikini at the Beach": Meaning, Gender, and the Hairy/Hairless Body. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 37(4), 478-493. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684313492950

Women's and men's bodies and sexuality can be understood as socially situated and socially produced. This means they are affected by, and developed in relation to, patterned sociocultural meanings and representations. We aim here to understand a rece... Read More about "It Shouldn't Stick Out from Your Bikini at the Beach": Meaning, Gender, and the Hairy/Hairless Body.

Visible lesbians and invisible bisexuals: Appearance and visual identities among bisexual women (2013)
Journal Article
Hayfield, N., Clarke, V., Halliwell, E., & Malson, H. (2013). Visible lesbians and invisible bisexuals: Appearance and visual identities among bisexual women. Women's Studies International Forum, 40, 172-182

A number of feminist scholars have argued that dress and appearance can be used to critique the dominant culture and explore alternative subjectivities. Research on non-heterosexual visual identities has explored the role that appearance and clothing... Read More about Visible lesbians and invisible bisexuals: Appearance and visual identities among bisexual women.

Resisting and conforming to the ‘lesbian look’: The importance of appearance norms for lesbian and bisexual women (2013)
Journal Article
Huxley, C., Clarke, V., & Halliwell, E. (2013). Resisting and conforming to the ‘lesbian look’: The importance of appearance norms for lesbian and bisexual women. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, https://doi.org/10.1002/casp.2161

Appearance is one way in which lesbian and bisexual identities and affiliation to LGB subculture can be demonstrated. ‘Butch’ and ‘androgynous’ styles have been used by lesbian women to communicate a non-heterosexual identity. However, some LGB app... Read More about Resisting and conforming to the ‘lesbian look’: The importance of appearance norms for lesbian and bisexual women.

Unscripted and Improvised: Public and Private Celebrations of Same-Sex Relationships (2013)
Journal Article
Clarke, V., Burgoyne, C., & Burns, M. (2013). Unscripted and Improvised: Public and Private Celebrations of Same-Sex Relationships. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 9(4), 393-418. https://doi.org/10.1080/1550428X.2013.808494

This article explores how 22 British same-sex couples define and make meaning of the notion of relationship celebrations. Drawing on interview data from a wider study of same-sex relational practices, we explore the participants' varied experiences o... Read More about Unscripted and Improvised: Public and Private Celebrations of Same-Sex Relationships.

Successful qualitative research: A practical guide for beginners (2013)
Book
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2013). Successful qualitative research: A practical guide for beginners. Sage

For Chapter 1: This chapter introduces qualitative research to a reader new to the area, and sets the scene for the rest of the book. It clearly specifies what defines qualitative research, and differentiates the use of a whole qualitative paradigm,... Read More about Successful qualitative research: A practical guide for beginners.

'I am who I am'? Navigating norms and the importance of authenticity in lesbian and bisexual women's accounts of their appearance practices (2013)
Journal Article
Clarke, V., & Spence, K. (2013). 'I am who I am'? Navigating norms and the importance of authenticity in lesbian and bisexual women's accounts of their appearance practices. Psychology and Sexuality, 4(1), 25-33. https://doi.org/10.1080/19419899.2013.748240

This article explores how lesbian and bisexual women negotiate pressures to look like an authentic lesbian and an authentic individual in their accounts of their clothing and appearance practices. Thirty women responded to a 'paper-and-pen' qualitati... Read More about 'I am who I am'? Navigating norms and the importance of authenticity in lesbian and bisexual women's accounts of their appearance practices.

Special issue: Special feature: Inside/out: lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans appearance and embodiment (2013)
Journal Article
Clarke, V. (2013). Special issue: Special feature: Inside/out: lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans appearance and embodiment

The three papers in this special feature all make important contributions to the psychology of LGB appearance and embodiment and extend and develop the existing literature in exciting ways. First, Caroline Huxley contributes to the literature on sexu... Read More about Special issue: Special feature: Inside/out: lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans appearance and embodiment.

Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning (2013)
Journal Article
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2013). Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning. Psychologist, 26(2), 120-123

With qualitative research methods an integral part of the psychology curriculum, questions arise of what approaches to teach, and how to teach them. We think thematic analysis (TA) offers a useful – and a relatively easy to teach and learn – basic in... Read More about Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning.