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Differentiated anti-predation responses in a superorganism (2015)
Journal Article
O'Shea-Wheller, T. A., O'Shea-Wheller, T., Sendova-Franks, A. B., & Franks, N. R. (2015). Differentiated anti-predation responses in a superorganism. PLoS ONE, 10(11), e0141012. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141012

© 2015 O'Shea-Wheller et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source... Read More about Differentiated anti-predation responses in a superorganism.

Test statistics for comparing two proportions with partially overlapping samples (2015)
Journal Article
Derrick, B., Dobson-Mckittrick, A., Toher, D., & White, P. (2015). Test statistics for comparing two proportions with partially overlapping samples

Standard tests for comparing two sample proportions of a dichotomous dependent variable where there is a combination of paired and unpaired samples are considered. Four new tests are introduced and compared against standard tests and an alternative p... Read More about Test statistics for comparing two proportions with partially overlapping samples.

The safety of general anaesthesia in paediatric patients undergoing the application of Biobrane® for small scalds (2015)
Journal Article
Young, A. E., Lobo, C. A., Warwicker, S. J., Warwicker, S., Lobo, C., Dailami, N., & Young, A. (2015). The safety of general anaesthesia in paediatric patients undergoing the application of Biobrane® for small scalds. Burns, 41(6), 1221-1226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2015.02.007

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved. Background Each year more than 5000 children present to English and Welsh hospitals for the management of scalds; 60% of these are small scalds of less than 10% body surface area. There are no agreed... Read More about The safety of general anaesthesia in paediatric patients undergoing the application of Biobrane® for small scalds.

How ants use quorum sensing to estimate the average quality of a fluctuating resource (2015)
Journal Article
Franks, N. R., Stuttard, J. P., Doran, C., Esposito, J. C., Master, M. C., Sendova-Franks, A. B., …Britton, N. F. (2015). How ants use quorum sensing to estimate the average quality of a fluctuating resource. Scientific Reports, 5(11890), https://doi.org/10.1038/srep11890

© 2015, Nature Publishing Group. All rights reserved. We show that one of the advantages of quorum-based decision-making is an ability to estimate the average value of a resource that fluctuates in quality. By using a quorum threshold, namely the num... Read More about How ants use quorum sensing to estimate the average quality of a fluctuating resource.

Cardiopulmonary reserve as determined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing correlates with length of stay and predicts complications following radical cystectomy (2015)
Journal Article
Tolchard, S., Angell, J., Pyke, M., Lewis, S., Dodds, N., Daweish, A., …Gillatt, D. (2015). Cardiopulmonary reserve as determined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing correlates with length of stay and predicts complications following radical cystectomy. BJU International, 115(4), 554-561. https://doi.org/10.1111/bju.12895

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether poor preoperative cardiopulmonary reserve and comorbid state dictate high-risk status and can predict complications in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 105 consecu... Read More about Cardiopulmonary reserve as determined by cardiopulmonary exercise testing correlates with length of stay and predicts complications following radical cystectomy.

The effect of chemotherapy on health-related quality of life in mesothelioma: Results from the SWAMP trial (2015)
Journal Article
Maskell, N. A., White, P., Arnold, D. T., Hooper, C. E., Morley, A., White, P., …Maskell, N. A. (2015). The effect of chemotherapy on health-related quality of life in mesothelioma: Results from the SWAMP trial. British Journal of Cancer, 112(7), 1183-1189. https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2015.77

© 2015 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved. Background: The effect of chemotherapy on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is poorly understood. Patient-individualised prognostication and prediction of tr... Read More about The effect of chemotherapy on health-related quality of life in mesothelioma: Results from the SWAMP trial.

A randomised controlled trial of intravenous zoledronic acid in malignant pleural disease: A proof of principle pilot study (2015)
Journal Article
Maskell, N. A., Kahan, B. C., Lyen, S. M., Sequeiros, I., Braybrooke, J. P., Morley, A. J., …Maskell, N. A. (2015). A randomised controlled trial of intravenous zoledronic acid in malignant pleural disease: A proof of principle pilot study. PLoS ONE, 10(3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118569

© 2015 Clive et al. Introduction: Animal studies have shown Zoledronic Acid (ZA) may diminish pleural fluid accumulation and tumour bulk in malignant pleural disease (MPD). We performed a pilot study to evaluate its effects in humans. Methods: We und... Read More about A randomised controlled trial of intravenous zoledronic acid in malignant pleural disease: A proof of principle pilot study.

A pilot randomized controlled trial comparing bismuth iodine paraffin paste external ear pack and no ear pack after middle ear surgery (2015)
Journal Article
Javed, F., Whitewell, R., Hakioff, D., Robinson, P., Rea, D., Macleod, I., …Nunez, D. A. (2015). A pilot randomized controlled trial comparing bismuth iodine paraffin paste external ear pack and no ear pack after middle ear surgery. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 272(3), 543-550. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-013-2812-6

To pilot a substantive randomized control trial comparing post-operative external ear canal pack with no ear pack after middle ear surgery, 32 adults undergoing primary posterior bony canal wall preserving middle ear surgery were randomized to have e... Read More about A pilot randomized controlled trial comparing bismuth iodine paraffin paste external ear pack and no ear pack after middle ear surgery.

Social behaviour and collective motion in plant-animal worms (2015)
Journal Article
Stumpe, M. C., Grant, K. A., Franks, N. R., Worley, A., Grant, K. A. G., Gorman, A. R., …Sendova-Franks, A. B. (2015). Social behaviour and collective motion in plant-animal worms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 283(1825), 20152946. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.2946

© 2016 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. Social behaviour may enable organisms to occupy ecological niches that would otherwise be unavailable to them. Here, we test this major evolutionary prin- ciple by demonstratin... Read More about Social behaviour and collective motion in plant-animal worms.

Universality in ant behaviour (2015)
Journal Article
Christensen, K., Papavassiliou, D., De Figueiredo, A., Franks, N. R., & Sendova-Franks, A. B. (2015). Universality in ant behaviour. Interface, 12(102), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.0985

© 2014 The Authors. Prediction for social systems is a major challenge. Universality at the social level has inspired a unified theory for urban living but individual variation makes predicting relationships within societies difficult. Here, we show... Read More about Universality in ant behaviour.

Relaxed observance of traditional marriage rules allows social connectivity without loss of genetic diversity (2015)
Journal Article
Hazelton, M. L., Guillot, E. G., Guillot, E., Hazelton, M., Karafet, T. M., Stephen Lansing, J., …Cox, M. P. (2015). Relaxed observance of traditional marriage rules allows social connectivity without loss of genetic diversity. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 32(9), 2254-2262. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msv102

© 2015 The Author. Marriage rules, the community prescriptions that dictate who an individual can or cannot marry, are extremely diverse and universally present in traditional societies. A major focus of research in the early decades of modern anthro... Read More about Relaxed observance of traditional marriage rules allows social connectivity without loss of genetic diversity.

BRAF Fusion Analysis in Pilocytic Astrocytomas: KIAA1549-BRAF 15-9 Fusions Are More Frequent in the Midline Than Within the Cerebellum (2015)
Journal Article
Haynes, H. R., Kurian, K. M., Faulkner, C., Ellis, H. P., Shaw, A., Penman, C., …Kurian, K. M. (2015). BRAF Fusion Analysis in Pilocytic Astrocytomas: KIAA1549-BRAF 15-9 Fusions Are More Frequent in the Midline Than Within the Cerebellum. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 74(9), 867-872. https://doi.org/10.1097/NEN.0000000000000226

Copyright © 2015 by the American Association of Neuropathologists, Inc. Pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs) are increasingly tested for KIAA1549-BRAF fusions. We used reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for the 3 most common KIAA1549-BRAF fusion... Read More about BRAF Fusion Analysis in Pilocytic Astrocytomas: KIAA1549-BRAF 15-9 Fusions Are More Frequent in the Midline Than Within the Cerebellum.

Clinical evaluation of a prototype underwear designed to detect urine leakage from continence pads (2015)
Journal Article
Long, A., Edwards, J., Worthington, J., Cotterill, N., Weir, I., Drake, M. J., & Van Den Heuvel, E. (2015). Clinical evaluation of a prototype underwear designed to detect urine leakage from continence pads. Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing, 42(6), 632-639. https://doi.org/10.1097/WON.0000000000000178

Copyright © 2015 by the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society. PURPOSE: We evaluated the performance of prototype underwear designed to detect urine leakage from continence pads, their acceptability to users, and their effect on health-related... Read More about Clinical evaluation of a prototype underwear designed to detect urine leakage from continence pads.

EGFR and EGFRvIII analysis in glioblastoma as therapeutic biomarkers (2015)
Journal Article
Kurian, K. M., DeSouza, R. M., Haynes, H. R., Faulkner, C., Palmer, A., Williams, H., …Kurian, K. M. (2015). EGFR and EGFRvIII analysis in glioblastoma as therapeutic biomarkers. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 29(1), 23-29. https://doi.org/10.3109/02688697.2014.950631

Copyright © 2014 The Neurosurgical Foundation. Introduction. EGFR and EGFRvIII analysis is of current interest because of new EGFRvIII vaccine trials opened in the UK. EGFR activation promotes cellular proliferation via activation of MAPK and PI3K-Ak... Read More about EGFR and EGFRvIII analysis in glioblastoma as therapeutic biomarkers.

Predictive value of abnormally raised serum bilirubin in acute appendicitis: A cohort study (2015)
Journal Article
Chambers, A. C., Bismohun, S., Davies, H., White, P., & Patil, A. (2015). Predictive value of abnormally raised serum bilirubin in acute appendicitis: A cohort study. International Journal of Surgery, 13, 207-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.11.041

Introduction: Appendicitis is a common clinical diagnosis aided by biochemical, haematological and radiological investigations. The role of some investigations, such as bilirubin, is controversial but could indicate complicated appendicitis. Accurate... Read More about Predictive value of abnormally raised serum bilirubin in acute appendicitis: A cohort study.

Multimodal neurophysiological evaluation of primary progressive multiple sclerosis - An increasingly valid biomarker, with limits (2015)
Journal Article
White, P., Canham, L. J., Kane, N., Oware, A., Walsh, P., Blake, K., …Cottrell, D. A. (2015). Multimodal neurophysiological evaluation of primary progressive multiple sclerosis - An increasingly valid biomarker, with limits. Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 4(6), 607-613. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2015.07.009

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Background The promising utility of multi-modality evoked potential batteries to objectively measure multi-tract dysfunction has been evaluated by several groups using different methods. Objective To independently evaluate the us... Read More about Multimodal neurophysiological evaluation of primary progressive multiple sclerosis - An increasingly valid biomarker, with limits.

The South West Area Mesothelioma and Pemetrexed trial - A multi-centre prospective observational study evaluating novel markers of chemotherapy response and prognostication (2015)
Journal Article
Hooper, C., Lyburn, I., Searle, J., Darby, M., Hall, T., Hall, D., …Maskell, N. (2015). The South West Area Mesothelioma and Pemetrexed trial - A multi-centre prospective observational study evaluating novel markers of chemotherapy response and prognostication. British Journal of Cancer, 112(7), 1175-1182. https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2015.62

Background: Robust markers that predict prognosis and detect early treatment response in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) would enhance patient care. Methods: Consecutive patients with MPM who were considered fit for first-line chemotherapy... Read More about The South West Area Mesothelioma and Pemetrexed trial - A multi-centre prospective observational study evaluating novel markers of chemotherapy response and prognostication.

Pleural irrigation trial (PIT): A randomised controlled trial of pleural irrigation with normal saline versus standard care in patients with pleural infection (2015)
Journal Article
Maskell, N. A., Zahan-Evans, N., Harvey, J. E., Medford, A. R., Clive, A. O., Edey, A. J., …Maskell, N. A. (2015). Pleural irrigation trial (PIT): A randomised controlled trial of pleural irrigation with normal saline versus standard care in patients with pleural infection. European Respiratory Journal, 46(2), 456-463. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00147214

© ERS 2015. Pleural infection is increasing in incidence. Despite optimal medical management, up to 30% of patients will die or require surgery. Case reports suggest that irrigation of the pleural space with saline may be beneficial. A randomised con... Read More about Pleural irrigation trial (PIT): A randomised controlled trial of pleural irrigation with normal saline versus standard care in patients with pleural infection.