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Norman Ratcliffe

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Norman Ratcliffe

Professor in Materials & Sensors Science


Identification of volatiles generated by potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum CV : Maris Piper) infected by erwinia carotovora, bacillus polymyxa and arthrobacter sp (1999)
Journal Article
de Lacy Costello, B., Evans, P., Ewen, R., Gunson, H., Ratcliffe, N. M., & Spencer-Phillips, P. T. (1999). Identification of volatiles generated by potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum CV : Maris Piper) infected by erwinia carotovora, bacillus polymyxa and arthrobacter sp. Plant Pathology, 48(3), 345-351

Bacteria were isolated from internal tissues of surface sterilized healthy tubers of Solanum tuberosum cv. Maris Piper (8 different isolates) and from tubers inoculated with Erwinia carotovora ssp. carotovora showing soft-rot symptoms (3 different is... Read More about Identification of volatiles generated by potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum CV : Maris Piper) infected by erwinia carotovora, bacillus polymyxa and arthrobacter sp.

Simple Methods for the Extraction and Identification of Amine Malodurs from Spoiled Foodstuffs (1998)
Journal Article
Jones, P., Ewen, R., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (1998). Simple Methods for the Extraction and Identification of Amine Malodurs from Spoiled Foodstuffs. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 11(3), 274-279. https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.1998.0584

Headspace GC-MS analysis was performed on potato tubers infected withErwinia carotovorabacteria and on Iberian cured ham infected withMicroccusandLactobacillusbacteria strains, which cause extensive losses in stored foodstuffs. Headspace samples of i... Read More about Simple Methods for the Extraction and Identification of Amine Malodurs from Spoiled Foodstuffs.

The use of thin silver films for the detection of low concentrations of hydrogen sulphide (1998)
Journal Article
Hawkins, S. J., Hawkins, S., Ratcliffe, N. M., & Sagastizabal, A. (1998). The use of thin silver films for the detection of low concentrations of hydrogen sulphide. Analytica Chimica Acta, 359(1-2), 125-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670%2897%2900633-8

This work describes the facile fabrication of a sensor for the visual detection of hydrogen sulphide at concentrations of ≤0.1 ppm. Colloidal silver films were prepared on PVC by a dip-coating method which, on exposure to hydrogen sulphide, underwent... Read More about The use of thin silver films for the detection of low concentrations of hydrogen sulphide.

Synthesis and gas sensing properties of poly[tetra(pyrrol-1-yl)silane] (1996)
Journal Article
Campbell, S. A., Smith, J. R., Evans, P., Smith, J., Ratcliffe, N. M., & Campbell, S. (1996). Synthesis and gas sensing properties of poly[tetra(pyrrol-1-yl)silane]. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 6(3), 295-299. https://doi.org/10.1039/jm9960600295

Conducting polymers such as polypyrrole and polythiophene offer a new approach to the design of modified electrodes and sensors. In the current work, the electrochemical and chemical polymerisation of tetra(pyrrol-1-yl)silane is described. Resultant... Read More about Synthesis and gas sensing properties of poly[tetra(pyrrol-1-yl)silane].

Electrorheological properties of polypyrrole prepared by the action of mineral acids on pyrrole (1996)
Journal Article
Teare, G. C., Teare, G. C., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (1996). Electrorheological properties of polypyrrole prepared by the action of mineral acids on pyrrole. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 6(3), 301-304. https://doi.org/10.1039/jm9960600301

Polypyrrole was prepared in high yield by the polymerisation of pyrrole in strongly acidic conditions using hydrofluoric, hydrochloric (at 20°C and 100°C), hydrobromic, nitric and orthophosphoric acids. The polymer products incorporated significant a... Read More about Electrorheological properties of polypyrrole prepared by the action of mineral acids on pyrrole.

Novel composite organic-inorganic semiconductor sensors for the quantitative detection of target organic vapours (1996)
Journal Article
Honeybourne, C. L., Ewen, R. J., De Lacy Costello, B. P., de Lacy Costello, B., Evans, P., Ewen, R., …Ratcliffe, N. M. (1996). Novel composite organic-inorganic semiconductor sensors for the quantitative detection of target organic vapours. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 6(3), 289-294. https://doi.org/10.1039/JM9960600289

Composites of tin dioxide (an n-type semiconductor) and derivatives of the conducting polymer polypyrrole (a p-type semiconductor) gave reversible changes in electrical resistance at room temperature when exposed to a range of organic vapours. The op... Read More about Novel composite organic-inorganic semiconductor sensors for the quantitative detection of target organic vapours.

Application of density functional theory in the synthesis of electroactive polymers (1995)
Journal Article
Campbell, S. A., Cox, P. A., Smith, J. R., Smith, J., Cox, P., Campbell, S., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (1995). Application of density functional theory in the synthesis of electroactive polymers. Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions, 91(15), 2331-2338. https://doi.org/10.1039/FT9959102331

A wide range of conjugated organic compounds undergo anodic electropolymerisation to produce polymers of high conductivity. However, electrooxidation does not always result in the formation of electroactive materials, since some reactions produce ins... Read More about Application of density functional theory in the synthesis of electroactive polymers.

Polyheterocycles containing alkene spacer linkages Part II. Synthesis and polymerization of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole (1995)
Journal Article
Smith, J., Campbell, S., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (1995). Polyheterocycles containing alkene spacer linkages Part II. Synthesis and polymerization of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole. Synthetic Metals, 73(2), 171-182

A number of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes, exhibiting a range of electronic effects, and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole were synthesized and their electrochemical behaviour investigated. The films, produced by anodic electropolymerization, were redox inactive and exhi... Read More about Polyheterocycles containing alkene spacer linkages Part II. Synthesis and polymerization of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole.

Polyheterocycles containing alkene spacer linkages Part II. Synthesis and polymerization of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole (1995)
Journal Article
Campbell, S. A., Ratcliffe, N. M., Smith, J. R., Smith, J., Ratcliffe, N. M., & Campbell, S. (1995). Polyheterocycles containing alkene spacer linkages Part II. Synthesis and polymerization of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole. Synthetic Metals, 73(2), 171-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-6779%2895%2903318-1

A number of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes, exhibiting a range of electronic effects, and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole were synthesized and their electrochemical behaviour investigated. The films, produced by anodic electropolymerization, were redox inactive and exhi... Read More about Polyheterocycles containing alkene spacer linkages Part II. Synthesis and polymerization of (E)-2-styrylthiophenes and (E)-2-styrylpyrrole.

Application of density functional theory in the synthesis of electroactive polymers (1995)
Journal Article
Smith, J. R., Cox, P. A., Campbell, S., & Ratcliffe, N. M. (1995). Application of density functional theory in the synthesis of electroactive polymers. Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions, 91(15), 2331-2338

A wide range of conjugated organic compounds undergo anodic electropolymerisation to produce polymers of high conductivity. However, electrooxidation does not always result in the formation of electroactive materials, since some reactions produce ins... Read More about Application of density functional theory in the synthesis of electroactive polymers.

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