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Sarah Leonard

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Sarah Leonard

Professor of International Security


The securitisation of migration in the European Union: Frontex and its evolving security practices (2020)
Journal Article
Léonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (in press). The securitisation of migration in the European Union: Frontex and its evolving security practices. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183x.2020.1851469

This article investigates the evolving security practices of one of the key actors in the handling of asylum-seekers and migrants at the external borders of the European Union (EU) Member States, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, widely ref... Read More about The securitisation of migration in the European Union: Frontex and its evolving security practices.

‘They need us more than we need them’: British exceptionalism, Brexit, and justice and home affairs (2020)
Journal Article
Leonard, S., Kaunert, C., & MacKenzie, A. (in press). ‘They need us more than we need them’: British exceptionalism, Brexit, and justice and home affairs. European Foreign Affairs Review, 25(4),

This article analyses the EU-UK Future Relationship negotiations on Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) through the lenses of ‘exceptionalism’. This concept refers to a given state’s self-understanding as being not only fundamentally different from other... Read More about ‘They need us more than we need them’: British exceptionalism, Brexit, and justice and home affairs.

Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union (2020)
Book Chapter
Kaunert, C., Leonard, S., & Ikrom, Y. (2020). Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union. In S. Hansen, & S. Lid (Eds.), In Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and DisengagementLondon: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

This chapter examines the EU’s efforts to tackle radicalisation. The specific formulation of its title (i.e. ‘preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement’) reflects the EU’s emphasis on preventing radicalisation. Most of the radicalisation-... Read More about Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union.

The European Union's response to the CBRN terrorist threat: A multiple streams approach (2019)
Journal Article
Kaunert, C., & Léonard, S. (2019). The European Union's response to the CBRN terrorist threat: A multiple streams approach. Politique européenne, 65(3), 148-177. https://doi.org/10.3917/poeu.065.0148

This article examines how the European Union (EU) has sought to address the threat of CBRN terrorism using Kingdon's Multiple Streams Framework. It demonstrates that the EU has significantly developed its response to the CBRN terrorist threat, but th... Read More about The European Union's response to the CBRN terrorist threat: A multiple streams approach.

The collective securitisation of terrorism in the European Union (2018)
Journal Article
Kaunert, C., & Leonard, S. (2019). The collective securitisation of terrorism in the European Union. West European Politics, 42(2), 261-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2018.1510194

This article explores the recent and significant growth of European Union cooperation on counter-terrorism by drawing upon the concept of ‘collective securitisation’. It highlights how 9/11 was a precipitating event, one which led some EU leaders to... Read More about The collective securitisation of terrorism in the European Union.

Counter-terrorism Cooperation (2017)
Book Chapter
Lavallee, C., Leonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (2017). Counter-terrorism Cooperation. In T. Schumacher, A. Marchetti, & T. Demmelhuber (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook on the European Neighbourhood PolicyRoutledge

This chapter examines how the EU has attempted to develop counter-terrorism cooperation with its Eastern and Southern partners and which results it has achieved in practice. It starts by locating counter-terrorism in the broader context of the EU’s s... Read More about Counter-terrorism Cooperation.

Police and Judicial Cooperation Policy (2017)
Book Chapter
Rozee, S., Kaunert, C., & Leonard, S. (2017). Police and Judicial Cooperation Policy. In N. Zahariadis, & L. Buonanno (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of European Public PolicyRoutledge

Several major European Union (EU) treaty revisions, as well as the increased political prioritisation of counter-terrorism and combating organised crime in Europe, have led to the development of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) into o... Read More about Police and Judicial Cooperation Policy.

Searching for a Strategy for the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (2016)
Book
Leonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (Eds.). (2016). Searching for a Strategy for the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. London: Routledge

This book examines the vision and strategy of the EU’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ), which has become one of the key objectives of the European Union (EU). Recent events have also highlighted the saliency of several of the policy issu... Read More about Searching for a Strategy for the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security and Justice.

Beyond Stockholm: In search of a strategy for the European union’s area of freedom, security, and justice (2016)
Journal Article
Léonard, S., Leonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (2016). Beyond Stockholm: In search of a strategy for the European union’s area of freedom, security, and justice. European Politics and Society, 17(2), 143-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/23745118.2016.1160636

© 2016 Taylor & Francis. The development of the European Union’s Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice (AFSJ) has been identified by the Lisbon Treaty (2009) as one of the key objectives of the European Union (EU). Recent events have also highligh... Read More about Beyond Stockholm: In search of a strategy for the European union’s area of freedom, security, and justice.