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Sarah Leonard

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Sarah Leonard

Professor of International Security


De-centring the securitization of asylum and migration in the European Union: Securitization, vulnerability and the role of Turkey (2021)
Journal Article
Léonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (in press). De-centring the securitization of asylum and migration in the European Union: Securitization, vulnerability and the role of Turkey. Geopolitics, https://doi.org/10.1080/14650045.2021.1929183

This article contributes to the debates on de-centring the analysis of migration governance in Europe by focusing on the potential role of external actors in the securitisation of asylum and migration in the European Union (EU). Although there has be... Read More about De-centring the securitization of asylum and migration in the European Union: Securitization, vulnerability and the role of Turkey.

The development of Europol's external relations: Towards supranationalism? (2021)
Journal Article
Léonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (in press). The development of Europol's external relations: Towards supranationalism?. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, https://doi.org/10.1177/1023263X211005162

This article examines the extent to which, if any, the development of Europol’s external relations over time has contributed to the integration of EU policing and criminal justice. More precisely, with reference to the academic debates on ‘intergover... Read More about The development of Europol's external relations: Towards supranationalism?.

The securitisation of migration in the European Union: Frontex and its evolving security practices (2020)
Journal Article
Léonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (in press). The securitisation of migration in the European Union: Frontex and its evolving security practices. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183x.2020.1851469

This article investigates the evolving security practices of one of the key actors in the handling of asylum-seekers and migrants at the external borders of the European Union (EU) Member States, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, widely ref... Read More about The securitisation of migration in the European Union: Frontex and its evolving security practices.

‘They need us more than we need them’: British exceptionalism, Brexit, and justice and home affairs (2020)
Journal Article
Leonard, S., Kaunert, C., & MacKenzie, A. (2020). ‘They need us more than we need them’: British exceptionalism, Brexit, and justice and home affairs. European Foreign Affairs Review, 25(4), 573-588

This article analyses the EU-UK Future Relationship negotiations on Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) through the lenses of ‘exceptionalism’. This concept refers to a given state’s self-understanding as being not only fundamentally different from other... Read More about ‘They need us more than we need them’: British exceptionalism, Brexit, and justice and home affairs.

Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union (2020)
Book Chapter
Kaunert, C., Leonard, S., & Ikrom, Y. (2020). Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union. In S. Hansen, & S. Lid (Eds.), In Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and DisengagementLondon: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

This chapter examines the EU’s efforts to tackle radicalisation. The specific formulation of its title (i.e. ‘preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement’) reflects the EU’s emphasis on preventing radicalisation. Most of the radicalisation-... Read More about Preventing radicalisation and enhancing disengagement in the European Union.

The European Union's response to the CBRN terrorist threat: A multiple streams approach (2019)
Journal Article
Kaunert, C., & Léonard, S. (2019). The European Union's response to the CBRN terrorist threat: A multiple streams approach. Politique européenne, 65(3), 148-177. https://doi.org/10.3917/poeu.065.0148

This article examines how the European Union (EU) has sought to address the threat of CBRN terrorism using Kingdon's Multiple Streams Framework. It demonstrates that the EU has significantly developed its response to the CBRN terrorist threat, but th... Read More about The European Union's response to the CBRN terrorist threat: A multiple streams approach.

The collective securitisation of terrorism in the European Union (2018)
Journal Article
Kaunert, C., & Leonard, S. (2019). The collective securitisation of terrorism in the European Union. West European Politics, 42(2), 261-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/01402382.2018.1510194

This article explores the recent and significant growth of European Union cooperation on counter-terrorism by drawing upon the concept of ‘collective securitisation’. It highlights how 9/11 was a precipitating event, one which led some EU leaders to... Read More about The collective securitisation of terrorism in the European Union.

Counter-terrorism Cooperation (2017)
Book Chapter
Lavallee, C., Leonard, S., & Kaunert, C. (2017). Counter-terrorism Cooperation. In T. Schumacher, A. Marchetti, & T. Demmelhuber (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook on the European Neighbourhood PolicyRoutledge

This chapter examines how the EU has attempted to develop counter-terrorism cooperation with its Eastern and Southern partners and which results it has achieved in practice. It starts by locating counter-terrorism in the broader context of the EU’s s... Read More about Counter-terrorism Cooperation.

Police and Judicial Cooperation Policy (2017)
Book Chapter
Rozee, S., Kaunert, C., & Leonard, S. (2017). Police and Judicial Cooperation Policy. In N. Zahariadis, & L. Buonanno (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of European Public PolicyRoutledge

Several major European Union (EU) treaty revisions, as well as the increased political prioritisation of counter-terrorism and combating organised crime in Europe, have led to the development of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) into o... Read More about Police and Judicial Cooperation Policy.