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All Outputs (35)

A conversation analytical study of call openings in Emergency Medical Service calls where the patient is at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (2024)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Voss, S., Benger, J., & Barnes, R. K. (2024). A conversation analytical study of call openings in Emergency Medical Service calls where the patient is at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Resuscitation Plus, 19, Article 100706. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2024.100706

Background: The Chain of Survival identifies the importance of early recognition of patients who are at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. This research investigated the interaction between callers and call-takers during calls to the Em... Read More about A conversation analytical study of call openings in Emergency Medical Service calls where the patient is at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

A multiple criteria decision analysis to establish the use cases and candidate point of care tests to enter into a platform trial of multiple in vitro diagnostic point of care tests in the prehospital environment (2024)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Coggins, J., Gibson, A., Liddiard, C., Moore, T. H., Savović, J., …Body, R. (2024). A multiple criteria decision analysis to establish the use cases and candidate point of care tests to enter into a platform trial of multiple in vitro diagnostic point of care tests in the prehospital environment. NIHR Open Research, 4, Article 29. https://doi.org/10.3310/nihropenres.13580.1

Background There are increasing demands on Emergency Medical Services. More efficient treatment pathways are required to support conveyance decision making and patient referral in prehospital care. Point of Care testing is increasingly available and... Read More about A multiple criteria decision analysis to establish the use cases and candidate point of care tests to enter into a platform trial of multiple in vitro diagnostic point of care tests in the prehospital environment.

Inequalities in birth before arrival at hospital in South West England: a multimethods study of neonatal hypothermia and emergency medical services call-handler advice. (2024)
Journal Article
Goodwin, L., Kirby, K., McClelland, G., Beach, E., Bedson, A., Benger, J. R., …Voss, S. (2024). Inequalities in birth before arrival at hospital in South West England: a multimethods study of neonatal hypothermia and emergency medical services call-handler advice. BMJ Open, 14(4), Article e081106. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2023-081106

ObjectivesTo examine inequalities in birth before arrival (BBA) at hospitals in South West England, understand which groups are most likely to experience BBA and how this relates to hypothermia and outcomes (phase A). To investigate opportunities to... Read More about Inequalities in birth before arrival at hospital in South West England: a multimethods study of neonatal hypothermia and emergency medical services call-handler advice..

Paramedic utility in screening patients who present to Emergency Medical Services and who may benefit from an Advance Care Plan: A mixed methods study with explanatory sequential design (2024)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Liddiard, C., Pocock, L., Black, S., Diaper, A., Goodwin, L., …Benger, J. (2024). Paramedic utility in screening patients who present to Emergency Medical Services and who may benefit from an Advance Care Plan: A mixed methods study with explanatory sequential design. Progress in Palliative Care, 32(3), 189-196. https://doi.org/10.1080/09699260.2024.2339077

We used a two-phased mixed methods study with an explanatory sequential design to understand how frequently paramedics attend patients who, on paramedic assessment with the Gold Standards Framework Proactive Identification Guidance, are end-of-life a... Read More about Paramedic utility in screening patients who present to Emergency Medical Services and who may benefit from an Advance Care Plan: A mixed methods study with explanatory sequential design.

Identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the Emergency Medical call: The views of call-takers (2023)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Voss, S., & Benger, J. (2023). Identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the Emergency Medical call: The views of call-takers. Resuscitation Plus, 16, Article 100490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2023.100490

There is little research on the triage of patients who are not yet in cardiac arrest when the emergency call is initiated, but who deteriorate and suffer a cardiac arrest during the prehospital phase of care. The aim of this study was to investigate... Read More about Identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the Emergency Medical call: The views of call-takers.

Paramedic use of the ‘gold standards framework proactive identification guidance’ in screening patients for end of life: A mixed methods study with explanatory sequential design (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Kirby, K., Liddiard, C., Black, S., Diaper, A., Goodwin, L., Pocock, L., …Benger, J. (2023, June). Paramedic use of the ‘gold standards framework proactive identification guidance’ in screening patients for end of life: A mixed methods study with explanatory sequential design. Poster presented at 999 EMS research forum annual conference, The Double Tree by Hilton Hotel, Manchester Piccadilly

Background The role of the Emergency Medical Service (EMS) in End of Life (EOL) is often overlooked. The Gold Standards Framework Proactive Identification Guidance (GSFPIG) is an evidence-based screening tool to identify patients nearing EOL. We c... Read More about Paramedic use of the ‘gold standards framework proactive identification guidance’ in screening patients for end of life: A mixed methods study with explanatory sequential design.

Emergency Operation Centre staff views on identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the Emergency Medical Service call for help (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Kirby, K., Voss, S., & Benger, J. (2023, June). Emergency Operation Centre staff views on identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the Emergency Medical Service call for help. Poster presented at 999 EMS, Manchester

Background  Internationally, Emergency Medical Service (EMS) triage emergency calls so that healthcare resources can be allocated appropriately. Studies have indicated that call triage in EMS may trigger a suboptimal response to some patients w... Read More about Emergency Operation Centre staff views on identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the Emergency Medical Service call for help.

PP71 Emergency operation centre staff views on identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the emergency medical service call for help (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Kirby, K., Voss, S., & Benger, J. (2023, June). PP71 Emergency operation centre staff views on identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the emergency medical service call for help. Paper presented at 999 EMS Research Forum 2023 meeting abstracts, Manchester

Background Internationally, Emergency Medical Service (EMS) triage emergency calls so that healthcare resources can be allocated appropriately. Studies have indicated that call triage in EMS may trigger a suboptimal response to some patients with lif... Read More about PP71 Emergency operation centre staff views on identifying patients at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during the emergency medical service call for help.

EP10 A service evaluation calculating the length of resuscitation before return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or termination of resuscitation (TOR) based on existing TOR guidance in South West England (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Zorab, O., McNee, K., Sainsbury, A., & Kirby, K. (2023, June). EP10 A service evaluation calculating the length of resuscitation before return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or termination of resuscitation (TOR) based on existing TOR guidance in South West England. Paper presented at 999 EMS Research Forum 2023 meeting abstracts, Manchester

Background Annually in South West England 3,500 people receive a resuscitation attempt following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Paramedics use Termination of Resuscitation (TOR) guidelines to identify patients no longer benefiting from... Read More about EP10 A service evaluation calculating the length of resuscitation before return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or termination of resuscitation (TOR) based on existing TOR guidance in South West England.

Diagnostic accuracy of clinical pathways for suspected acute myocardial infarction in the out-of-hospital environment (2023)
Journal Article
Alghamdi, A., Hann, M., Carlton, E., Cooper, J. G., Cook, E., Foulkes, A., …Body, R. (2023). Diagnostic accuracy of clinical pathways for suspected acute myocardial infarction in the out-of-hospital environment. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 82(4), 439-448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2023.04.010

Study objective Chest pain is one of the most common reasons for emergency ambulance calls. Patients are routinely transported to the hospital to prevent acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We evaluated the diagnosti... Read More about Diagnostic accuracy of clinical pathways for suspected acute myocardial infarction in the out-of-hospital environment.

Factors that influence the administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) to trauma patients in prehospital settings: A systematic review (2023)
Journal Article
Nicholson, H., Scotney, N., Briscoe, S., Kirby, K., Bedson, A., Goodwin, L., …Benger, J. R. (2023). Factors that influence the administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) to trauma patients in prehospital settings: A systematic review. BMJ Open, 13(5), Article e073075. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2023-073075

Objective: In the UK there are around 5400 deaths annually from injury. Tranexamic acid (TXA) prevents bleeding and has been shown to reduce trauma mortality. However, only 5% of UK major trauma patients who are at risk of haemorrhage receive prehosp... Read More about Factors that influence the administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) to trauma patients in prehospital settings: A systematic review.

External validation of the Manchester acute coronary syndromes ECG risk model within a pre-hospital setting (2023)
Journal Article
Alotaibi, A., Alghamdi, A., Martin, G. P., Carlton, E., Cooper, J. G., Cook, E., …Body, R. (2023). External validation of the Manchester acute coronary syndromes ECG risk model within a pre-hospital setting. Emergency Medicine Journal, 40, 431-436. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2022-212872

Objectives: The Manchester Acute Coronary Syndromes ECG (MACS-ECG) prediction model calculates a score based on objective ECG measurements to give the probability of a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). The model showed good performance... Read More about External validation of the Manchester acute coronary syndromes ECG risk model within a pre-hospital setting.

The reality of advanced airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest; why did paramedics deviate from their allocated airway management strategy during the AIRWAYS-2 randomised trial? (2023)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Lazaroo, M., Green, J., Hall, H., Pilbery, R., Whitley, G. A., …Benger, J. (2023). The reality of advanced airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest; why did paramedics deviate from their allocated airway management strategy during the AIRWAYS-2 randomised trial?. Resuscitation Plus, 13, 100365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2023.100365

Background: AIRWAYS-2 was a large multi-centre cluster randomised controlled trial investigating the effect on functional outcome of a supraglottic airway device (i-gel) versus tracheal intubation (TI) as the initial advanced airway during out-of-hos... Read More about The reality of advanced airway management during out of hospital cardiac arrest; why did paramedics deviate from their allocated airway management strategy during the AIRWAYS-2 randomised trial?.

The impact of COVID-19 on emergency medical service-led out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation: A qualitative study (2022)
Journal Article
Coppola, A., Kirby, K., Black, S., & Osborne, R. (2022). The impact of COVID-19 on emergency medical service-led out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation: A qualitative study. British Paramedic Journal, 7(2), 8-15. https://doi.org/10.29045/14784726.2022.09.7.2.8

Background: Following the emergence of COVID-19, there have been local and national changes in the way emergency medical service (EMS) staff respond to and treat patients in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The views of EMS staff on the impact... Read More about The impact of COVID-19 on emergency medical service-led out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation: A qualitative study.

Improving the Emergency Medical Service recognition and response for patients who are at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (2022)
Thesis
Kirby, K. Improving the Emergency Medical Service recognition and response for patients who are at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. (Thesis). University of the West of England. Retrieved from https://uwe-repository.worktribe.com/output/9030811

Current international guidelines and the associated “chain of survival” emphasise the recognition of critically unwell patients in the community followed by an efficient response in the hope of preventing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, which occurs... Read More about Improving the Emergency Medical Service recognition and response for patients who are at imminent risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Mapping the patient and family liaison role in UK helicopter emergency medical services: A service evaluation (2022)
Journal Article
Kirby, K., Caswell, K., Petheram, J., Hyde, P., & Crouch, R. (2022). Mapping the patient and family liaison role in UK helicopter emergency medical services: A service evaluation. Air Medical Journal, 41(5), 458-462. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amj.2022.04.003

Objective: Patient and family liaison practitioners are a relatively recent addition to UK helicopter emergency medical services to support patients with their recovery. A service evaluation was completed that mapped the current provision of patient... Read More about Mapping the patient and family liaison role in UK helicopter emergency medical services: A service evaluation.

Barriers and facilitators to the administration of prehospital tranexamic acid: A paramedic interview study using the theoretical domains framework (2021)
Journal Article
Goodwin, L., Nicholson, H., Robinson, M., Bedson, A., Black, S., Kirby, K., …Benger, J. (2022). Barriers and facilitators to the administration of prehospital tranexamic acid: A paramedic interview study using the theoretical domains framework. Emergency Medicine Journal, 39(7), 540-546. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2020-210622

BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic drug used to prevent bleeding. It was introduced as an intervention for post-traumatic haemorrhage across emergency medical services (EMS) in the UK during 2012. However, despite strong evidenc... Read More about Barriers and facilitators to the administration of prehospital tranexamic acid: A paramedic interview study using the theoretical domains framework.

Cost-effectiveness of the i-gel supraglottic airway device compared to tracheal intubation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Findings from the AIRWAYS-2 randomised controlled trial (2021)
Journal Article
Stokes, E. A., Lazaroo, M. J., Clout, M., Brett, S. J., Black, S., Kirby, K., …Wordsworth, S. (2021). Cost-effectiveness of the i-gel supraglottic airway device compared to tracheal intubation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Findings from the AIRWAYS-2 randomised controlled trial. Resuscitation, 167, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.06.002

Aim: Optimal airway management during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is uncertain. Complications from tracheal intubation (TI) may be avoided with supraglottic airway (SGA) devices. The AIRWAYS-2 cluster randomised controlled trial (ISRCTN0825... Read More about Cost-effectiveness of the i-gel supraglottic airway device compared to tracheal intubation during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Findings from the AIRWAYS-2 randomised controlled trial.

Staff stakeholder views on the role of UK paramedics in advance care planning for patients in their last year of life (2021)
Journal Article
Goodwin, L., Proctor, A., Kirby, K., Black, S., Pocock, L., Richardson, S., …Benger, J. (2021). Staff stakeholder views on the role of UK paramedics in advance care planning for patients in their last year of life. Progress in Palliative Care, 29(2), 76-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/09699260.2021.1872140

Background: Early advance care planning has clear benefits for patients approaching the end of their life, yet many of those attended by UK paramedics do not have this planning in place. Aims: To explore staff stakeholder views on the role of UK p... Read More about Staff stakeholder views on the role of UK paramedics in advance care planning for patients in their last year of life.

Randomized trial of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation during out of hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2): Patient outcomes at three and six months (2020)
Journal Article
Benger, J. R., Lazaroo, M. J., Clout, M., Voss, S., Black, S., Brett, S. J., …Rogers, C. A. (2020). Randomized trial of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation during out of hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2): Patient outcomes at three and six months. Resuscitation, 157, 74-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2020.09.026

© 2020 The Author(s) Aim: The AIRWAYS-2 cluster randomised controlled trial compared the i-gel supraglottic airway device (SGA) with tracheal intubation (TI) as the first advanced airway management (AAM) strategy used by Emergency Medical Service cli... Read More about Randomized trial of the i-gel supraglottic airway device versus tracheal intubation during out of hospital cardiac arrest (AIRWAYS-2): Patient outcomes at three and six months.