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The Christmas Lectures: Extending the experience outside the lecture theatre (2022)
Journal Article
Little, H., Fogg-Rogers, L., & Sardo, A. M. (in press). The Christmas Lectures: Extending the experience outside the lecture theatre. JCOM: Journal of Science Communication,

Traditionally, the Royal Institution’s Christmas Lectures have always adopted a deficit model for communication, with one or two invited scientists giving lectures to an audience present at the Royal Institution (Ri) and, since 1936, an audience watc... Read More about The Christmas Lectures: Extending the experience outside the lecture theatre.

Marimo actuated rover systems (2022)
Journal Article
Phillips, N., Draper, T. C., Mayne, R., Reynolds, D. M., & Adamatzky, A. (2022). Marimo actuated rover systems. Journal of Biological Engineering, 16(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-021-00279-0

Background: The potential to directly harness photosynthesis to make actuators, biosensors and bioprocessors has been previously demonstrated in the literature. Herein, this capability has been expanded to more advanced systems — Marimo Actuated Rove... Read More about Marimo actuated rover systems.

Incremental motor skill learning and generalization from human dynamic reactions based on dynamic movement primitives and fuzzy logic system (2021)
Journal Article
Lu, Z., Wang, N., Li, M., & Yang, C. (in press). Incremental motor skill learning and generalization from human dynamic reactions based on dynamic movement primitives and fuzzy logic system. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, https://doi.org/10.1109/tfuzz.2021.3136933

Different from previous work on single skill learning from human demonstrations, an incremental motor skill learning, generalization and control method based on dynamic movement primitives (DMP) and broad learning system (BLS) is proposed for extract... Read More about Incremental motor skill learning and generalization from human dynamic reactions based on dynamic movement primitives and fuzzy logic system.

Passive impedance sensing using a SAW resonator-coupled biosensor for zero-power wearable applications (2021)
Journal Article
Yue, X., Kiely, J., Luxton, R., Chen, B., McLeod, C. N., & Drakakis, E. M. (in press). Passive impedance sensing using a SAW resonator-coupled biosensor for zero-power wearable applications. IEEE Sensors Journal, https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2021.3136705

A bio-sensing scheme, which acquires impedance information of a capacitive biosensor by using the reflected RF signal from a surface acoustic wave (SAW) resonator connected to the biosensor, is proposed. This technique requires no power to be supplie... Read More about Passive impedance sensing using a SAW resonator-coupled biosensor for zero-power wearable applications.

Multimodal Representation Learning for Place Recognition Using Deep Hebbian Predictive Coding (2021)
Journal Article
Pearson, M. J., Dora, S., Struckmeier, O., Knowles, T. C., Mitchinson, B., Tiwari, K., …Pennartz, C. M. (2021). Multimodal Representation Learning for Place Recognition Using Deep Hebbian Predictive Coding. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.732023

Recognising familiar places is a competence required in many engineering applications that interact with the real world such as robot navigation. Combining information from different sensory sources promotes robustness and accuracy of place recogniti... Read More about Multimodal Representation Learning for Place Recognition Using Deep Hebbian Predictive Coding.

Experiments in artificial culture: from noisy imitation to storytelling robots (2021)
Journal Article
Winfield, A. F. T., & Blackmore, S. (2021). Experiments in artificial culture: from noisy imitation to storytelling robots. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 377, https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020-0323

This paper presents a series of experiments in collective social robotics, spanning more than 10 years, with the long-term aim of building embodied models of (aspects) of cultural evolution. Initial experiments demonstrated the emergence of behaviour... Read More about Experiments in artificial culture: from noisy imitation to storytelling robots.

Transforming tradition: how the iconic Christmas Lectures series is perceived by its audiences (2021)
Journal Article
Sardo, A. M., Little, H., & Fogg-Rogers, L. (2021). Transforming tradition: how the iconic Christmas Lectures series is perceived by its audiences. International Journal of Science Education, Part B: Communication and Public Engagement, 11(4), https://doi.org/10.1080/21548455.2021.2012298

The Royal Institution Christmas Lectures are a landmark in the history of science communication. With today’s changing media landscape, it is important to know who is currently watching, how they are watching, and how they are perceiving the content.... Read More about Transforming tradition: how the iconic Christmas Lectures series is perceived by its audiences.

Design, novel quality check and experimental test of an original variable length stepped scarf repair scheme (2021)
Journal Article
Damghani, M., Bolanos, S., Chahar, A., Matthews, J., Atkinson, G. A., Murphy, A., & Edwards, T. (2022). Design, novel quality check and experimental test of an original variable length stepped scarf repair scheme. Composites Part B: Engineering, 230, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.109542

The performance of well-established stepped scarf repair schemes for highly loaded composite structures has been studied in previous works. However, none of the proposed repair schemes appear to minimise healthy material removal. Thus, this paper pro... Read More about Design, novel quality check and experimental test of an original variable length stepped scarf repair scheme.

Adaptive sliding mode control based on fuzzy systems applied to the permanent magnet synchronous machine (2021)
Journal Article
Nouri, H. (2021). Adaptive sliding mode control based on fuzzy systems applied to the permanent magnet synchronous machine. Nonlinear Dynamics and Systems Theory, 21(5), 457–470

This paper develops an adaptive sliding mode control based on fuzzy systems. In this control technique, the possibilities offered by Sugeno type fuzzy systems, in terms of their ability to approximate continuous nonlinear functions, are exploited, an... Read More about Adaptive sliding mode control based on fuzzy systems applied to the permanent magnet synchronous machine.

Carbon nanotube (CNT)-based biosensors (2021)
Journal Article
Ferrier, D., & Honeychurch, K. C. (2021). Carbon nanotube (CNT)-based biosensors. Biosensors, 11(12), https://doi.org/10.3390/bios11120486

This review focuses on recent advances in the application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for the development of sensors and biosensors. The paper discusses various configurations of these devices, including their integration in analytical devices. Carbon... Read More about Carbon nanotube (CNT)-based biosensors.

Geographic information-driven two-stage optimization model for location decision of solar power plant: A case study of an Algerian municipality (2021)
Journal Article
Settou, B., Settou, N., Gahrar, Y., Negrou, B., Bouferrouk, A., Gouareh, A., & Mokhtara, C. (2022). Geographic information-driven two-stage optimization model for location decision of solar power plant: A case study of an Algerian municipality. Sustainable Cities and Society, 77, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2021.103567

This paper presents an interdisciplinary framework for optimal mapping and integration of solar photovoltaic based DG systems. In a two-stage process, the proposed framework combines both spatial and technical-economic analysis, and uses efficient op... Read More about Geographic information-driven two-stage optimization model for location decision of solar power plant: A case study of an Algerian municipality.

Geometry optimisation of vertical axis wind turbine with Gurney flap for performance enhancement at low, medium and high ranges of tip speed ratios (2021)
Journal Article
Syawitri, T. P., Yao, Y., Yao, J., & Chandra, B. (2022). Geometry optimisation of vertical axis wind turbine with Gurney flap for performance enhancement at low, medium and high ranges of tip speed ratios. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 49, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2021.101779

Optimisation of Gurney flap (GF) geometries mounted on a three-straight-bladed vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) is evaluated with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solution and Taguchi method, considering the blade rotating effect at three tip spee... Read More about Geometry optimisation of vertical axis wind turbine with Gurney flap for performance enhancement at low, medium and high ranges of tip speed ratios.

Complete model-free siding mode control (CMFSMC) (2021)
Journal Article
Zhu, Q. (2021). Complete model-free siding mode control (CMFSMC). Scientific Reports, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-01871-6

This study presents a complete model-free sliding mode control (CMFSMC) framework for the control of continuous-time non-affine nonlinear dynamic systems with unknown models. The novelty lies in the introduction of two equalities to assign the deriva... Read More about Complete model-free siding mode control (CMFSMC).

U-model-based double sliding mode control (UDSM-control) of nonlinear dynamic systems (2021)
Journal Article
Zhu, Q., Li, R., & Yan, X. (in press). U-model-based double sliding mode control (UDSM-control) of nonlinear dynamic systems. International Journal of Systems Science, https://doi.org/10.1080/00207721.2021.1991503

This study proposes a double sliding mode control-augmented U-control ((Formula presented.) -control) method for a class of single-input single-output nonlinear systems with internal uncertain parameters, model mismatching and external system noise/d... Read More about U-model-based double sliding mode control (UDSM-control) of nonlinear dynamic systems.

Precision fibre angle inspection for carbon fibre composite structures using polarisation vision (2021)
Journal Article
Atkinson, G., O'Hara Nash, S., & Smith, L. (2021). Precision fibre angle inspection for carbon fibre composite structures using polarisation vision. Electronics, 10(22), https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10222765

This paper evaluates the precision of polarisation imaging technology for the inspection of carbon fibre composite components. Specifically, it assesses the feasibility of the technology for fibre orientation measurements based on the premise that li... Read More about Precision fibre angle inspection for carbon fibre composite structures using polarisation vision.

Finite element-based optimisation of an elastomeric honeycomb for impact mitigation in helmet liners (2021)
Journal Article
Adams, R., Townsend, S., Soe, S., & Theobald, P. (2022). Finite element-based optimisation of an elastomeric honeycomb for impact mitigation in helmet liners. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 214, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2021.106920

Finite element simulation was used to analyse the response of an elastomeric pre-buckled honeycomb structure under impact loading, to establish its suitability for use in helmet liners. A finite element-based optimisation was performed using a search... Read More about Finite element-based optimisation of an elastomeric honeycomb for impact mitigation in helmet liners.

Identification and U-control of a state-space system with time-delay (2021)
Journal Article
Gu, Y., Zhu, Q., & Nouri, H. (2022). Identification and U-control of a state-space system with time-delay. International Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing, 36(1), 138-154. https://doi.org/10.1002/acs.3345

This article presents a state-space model with time-delay to map the relationship between known input-output data for discrete systems. For the given input-output data, a model identification algorithm combining parameter estimation and state estimat... Read More about Identification and U-control of a state-space system with time-delay.

Iterative learning-based robotic controller with prescribed human-robot interaction force (2021)
Journal Article
Xing, X., Maqsood, K., Huang, D., Yang, C., & Li, Y. (in press). Iterative learning-based robotic controller with prescribed human-robot interaction force. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, https://doi.org/10.1109/tase.2021.3119400

In this article, an iterative-learning-based robotic controller is developed, which aims at providing a prescribed assistance or resistance force to the human user. In the proposed controller, the characteristic parameter of the human upper limb move... Read More about Iterative learning-based robotic controller with prescribed human-robot interaction force.

Detection of barely visible impact damage in polymeric laminated composites using a biomimetic tactile whisker (2021)
Journal Article
Fotouhi, S., Khayatzadeh, S., Pui, W. X., Damghani, M., Bodaghi, M., & Fotouhi, M. (2021). Detection of barely visible impact damage in polymeric laminated composites using a biomimetic tactile whisker. Polymers, 13(20), https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13203587

This is a novel investigation on the possibility of detecting barely visible impact damage (BVID) in composite materials by whisking across the surface via tactile whisker sensors that resemble rats' whiskers. A series of drop tower low-velocity impa... Read More about Detection of barely visible impact damage in polymeric laminated composites using a biomimetic tactile whisker.

Initial R-curves for translaminar fracture of quasi-isotropic carbon/epoxy laminates from specimens with increasing size (2021)
Journal Article
Xu, X., Sun, X., & Wisnom, M. (2021). Initial R-curves for translaminar fracture of quasi-isotropic carbon/epoxy laminates from specimens with increasing size. Composites Science and Technology, 216, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2021.109077

In this paper, a set of initial R-curves were measured for three different in-plane sizes using scaled Over-height Compact Tension (OCT) specimens and two different stacking sequences. The data reduction scheme was based on a Virtual Crack Closure Te... Read More about Initial R-curves for translaminar fracture of quasi-isotropic carbon/epoxy laminates from specimens with increasing size.