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The natural connectivity of autonomous systems (2020)
Journal Article
Battle, S. (2020). The natural connectivity of autonomous systems. Rivista Italiana di Filosofia del Linguaggio, 14(2), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.4396/AISB201901

The principle of biological autonomy, introduced by Francisco J. Varela, addresses the dilemma of Cartesian mind-body dualism by re-casting mind and body, or subject and object, observer and observed, not as irreconcilable categories, but as compleme... Read More about The natural connectivity of autonomous systems.

The natural connectivity of autonomous systems (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2019, April). The natural connectivity of autonomous systems. Paper presented at 2019 AISB Convention, Falmouth, UK

The concept of enaction, or embodied cognition, de- scribed by Varela et al., aims to resolve the the dilemma of Cartesian mind-body dualism by re-casting these categories as complementary explanations of the same phenomena. This paper explores Varel... Read More about The natural connectivity of autonomous systems.

A smart contract model for agent societies (2018)
Conference Proceeding
Tumminelli, M., & Battle, S. (2018). A smart contract model for agent societies. In UK-RAS Conference: ‘Robots Working For & Among Us’ Proceedings

This paper presents a solution to the exchange of services within an agent society. We explore an open delivery chain scenario in which autonomous drones offer and subcontract delivery services to each other. Such agents are able to self-organize acc... Read More about A smart contract model for agent societies.

Conversation analysis structured dialogue for multi-domain dialogue management (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Duran, N., & Battle, S. (2018, December). Conversation analysis structured dialogue for multi-domain dialogue management. Paper presented at The International Workshop on Dialogue, Explanation and Argumentation in Human-Agent Interaction (DEXAHAI), Southampton

Dialogue state tracking is a vital component of task-oriented dialogue systems. Often, dialogue states are constrained by their target domains entity's, slots and values. Adding new domains and knowledge may require laborious hand-crafting or retrain... Read More about Conversation analysis structured dialogue for multi-domain dialogue management.

Probabilistic word association for dialogue act classification with recurrent neural networks (2018)
Book Chapter
Duran, N., & Battle, S. (2018). Probabilistic word association for dialogue act classification with recurrent neural networks. In C. Jayne, A. Likas, L. Iliadis, & G. Boracchi (Eds.), Engineering Applications of Neural Networks, 229-239. Springer

The identification of Dialogue Acts (DA) is an important aspect in determining the meaning of an utterance for many applications that require natural language understanding, and recent work using recurrent neural networks (RNN) has shown promising re... Read More about Probabilistic word association for dialogue act classification with recurrent neural networks.

Principles of robot autonomy (2018)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2018, April). Principles of robot autonomy. Paper presented at 2018 Convention of the Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour (AISB 2018)

This paper is an exploration of the theory of autonomy as set out by Francisco J. Varela in his groundbreaking book, “Principles of Biological Autonomy.” Varela argues that autonomy is an expression of a pervasive circularity, or indeed complete orga... Read More about Principles of robot autonomy.

Governing narrative events with tropes as institutional norms (2018)
Journal Article
Thompson, M., Padget, J., & Battle, S. (2018). Governing narrative events with tropes as institutional norms. Communications in Computer and Information Science, 732, 133-137. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90418-4_11

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018. A narrative world can be viewed as a form of society in which characters follow a set of social norms whose collective function is to guide the characters through (the creation of)... Read More about Governing narrative events with tropes as institutional norms.

A modal logic analysis of a line-following robot (2018)
Journal Article
Battle, S., & Thompson, M. (2018). A modal logic analysis of a line-following robot. Communications in Computer and Information Science, 732, 42-55. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90418-4_4

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018. The behaviour of a reactive, line-following robot is analysed using modal logic. This provides an approach that is complementary to numerical simulation, allowing us to explore the... Read More about A modal logic analysis of a line-following robot.

LoRaWAN Bristol (2017)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S., & Gaster, B. (2017, July). LoRaWAN Bristol. Paper presented at IDEAS 2017

The Bristol LoRaWAN Network is a low power radio network for the Internet of Things, based on LoRaWAN and utilising The Things Network. LoRaWAN is a Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) specification intended for wireless battery operated Things in re... Read More about LoRaWAN Bristol.

Understanding learning strategy as conversation (2017)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2017, April). Understanding learning strategy as conversation. Paper presented at AISB 2017

The goal of this research is to understand the learning strategies employed by students using so called Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS), with the aim of supporting efforts to improve the effectiveness of this type of educational technology. An exp... Read More about Understanding learning strategy as conversation.

A mobile homeostat with three degrees of freedom (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2015, September). A mobile homeostat with three degrees of freedom. Paper presented at IMA Conference on Mathematics of Robotics

In the foundational cybernetics text, Design for a Brain, W. Ross Ashby introduces an adaptive system called the homeostat, and speculates about the possibility of creating a mobile homeostat “with its critical states set so that it seeks situations... Read More about A mobile homeostat with three degrees of freedom.

Droid geometry (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2015, June). Droid geometry. Presented at DigiMakers

An introduction to the geometry and inverse kinematics of robot arms. Suitable for beginners (as are most things worth learning), covering basic Python and trigonometry.

Governing narrative events with institutional norms (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Thompson, M., Padget, J., & Battle, S. (2015, May). Governing narrative events with institutional norms. Paper presented at 6th Workshop on Computational Models of Narrative (CMN’15)

A narrative world can be viewed as a form of society in which characters follow a set of social norms whose collective function is to guide the characters through (the creation of) a story arc and reach some conclusion. By modelling the rules of a na... Read More about Governing narrative events with institutional norms.

An interactive, generative Punch and Judy show using institutions, ASP and emotional agents (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Thompson, M., Padget, J., & Battle, S. (2015, April). An interactive, generative Punch and Judy show using institutions, ASP and emotional agents. Paper presented at AISB 2015: AI & GAMES SYMPOSIUM

A narrative world can be viewed as a form of society in which characters follow a set of social norms whose collective function is to guide the characters through (the creation of) a story arc and reach some conclusion. By modelling the rules of a na... Read More about An interactive, generative Punch and Judy show using institutions, ASP and emotional agents.

Telling non-linear stories with interval temporal logic (2015)
Journal Article
Thompson, M., Battle, S., & Padget, J. (2015). Telling non-linear stories with interval temporal logic. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 9445, 370-373. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27036-4_39

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. Authoring a consistent interactive narrative is difficult without exhaustively specifying all possible deviations from the main path of a story. When automatically generating new story paths, it i... Read More about Telling non-linear stories with interval temporal logic.

Squishy logic (2014)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2014, November). Squishy logic. Presented at DigiMakers

Based on the idea of ‘Squishy Circuits’ from the Playful Learning Lab at the University of St. Thomas (Minnesota), we’re using conductive play dough to create simple logic circuits – AND, OR, and NOT gates – from which computers are built.

Ashby’s mobile homeostat (2014)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2014, November). Ashby’s mobile homeostat. Paper presented at Artificial Life and Intelligent Agents 2014

In Design for a Brain, W. Ross Ashby speculates about the possibility of creating a mobile homeostat " with its critical states set so that it seeks situations of high illumination. " This paper explores an embedding of Ashby's homeostat within a sim... Read More about Ashby’s mobile homeostat.

Turtle geometry the Python way (2014)
Presentation / Conference
Battle, S. (2014, October). Turtle geometry the Python way. Presented at DigiMakers

An introduction to coding using Python’s on-screen ‘turtle’ that can be commanded with a few simple instructions including forward, backward, left and right. The turtle leaves a trace that can be used to draw geometric figures. This workshop is aimed... Read More about Turtle geometry the Python way.