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Competition law and LIBOR in three jurisdictions: The United States of America, the United Kingdom and the European Union (2017)
Book Chapter
Ball, R. (2018). Competition law and LIBOR in three jurisdictions: The United States of America, the United Kingdom and the European Union. In N. Ryder (Ed.), White Collar Crime and Risk: Financial Crime, Corruption and the Financial Crisis, (163-200). London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-47384-4_7

The London Interbank Offered Rate, better known as LIBOR, has ridden turbulent times over the last decade. Major banks, either through the collusion of individual traders operating on a discrete basis or on the instructions from more senior personnel... Read More about Competition law and LIBOR in three jurisdictions: The United States of America, the United Kingdom and the European Union.

The philosophy of competition law (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2015, September). The philosophy of competition law. Paper presented at Society of Legal Scholars (SLS) 2015 annual conference: Law's subjects: Subjects to Law

The two legal disciplines of competition and intellectual property can be considered to be two sides of the same coin with competition law aiming to free and de-sector the market and intellectual property aiming to constrain and sector the market. Wh... Read More about The philosophy of competition law.

5 years on from the EA10 - Should the armed forces remain a special case? (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2015, June). 5 years on from the EA10 - Should the armed forces remain a special case?. Paper presented at The Equality Act 2010: Five years on

The Equality Act 2010 amalgamated and enhanced previous anti-discrimination laws with s 4 providing a list of protected characteristics for which direct (s 13) and indirect (s 19) discrimination was outlawed, along with harassment (s 26) and victimis... Read More about 5 years on from the EA10 - Should the armed forces remain a special case?.

Blue cards, green cards: The Contest to attract highly skilled migrants (2014)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2014, February). Blue cards, green cards: The Contest to attract highly skilled migrants. Paper presented at Moving to Opportunity: Risks and Rewards of Economic Migration

Highly skilled immigrants are considered to be “sort after” individuals. They provide countries with skilled labour often, if they originate from developing or least developed countries, with significantly less wage demands than similarly skilled dom... Read More about Blue cards, green cards: The Contest to attract highly skilled migrants.

The legitimacy of the European Union through legal rationality: Free movement of third country nationals (2014)
Book
Ball, R. (2014). The legitimacy of the European Union through legal rationality: Free movement of third country nationals. Routledge

Third country nationals (TCNs) play an important part in the economy of the European Union, reflected in the rights granted to them under European Union Law. Political expediency is however shaped by world, regional and domestic influences that in tu... Read More about The legitimacy of the European Union through legal rationality: Free movement of third country nationals.

Embracing the women: A longitudinal view of attitudes to women service personnel among their peers, 1994 and 2010 (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2013, October). Embracing the women: A longitudinal view of attitudes to women service personnel among their peers, 1994 and 2010. Paper presented at IUS Chicago 2013

In the UK, women are excluded from ground combat roles and other specific close quarter specialities. There have been two assessments of this position by the Ministry of Defence (2002 and 2010) with both concluding that the restriction should remain... Read More about Embracing the women: A longitudinal view of attitudes to women service personnel among their peers, 1994 and 2010.

Age and disability discrimination: Creeping challenges for the military (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2013, October). Age and disability discrimination: Creeping challenges for the military. Paper presented at IUS Chicago 2013

The principle of equality, and its legal rights to non-discrimination, has had a considerable impact on all aspects of society, the military included. The latest evidence of this in the US are the repeal of DADT and the abolition of the restriction o... Read More about Age and disability discrimination: Creeping challenges for the military.

Privacy in the UK, privacy in the US: Can we learn anything from each other? (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R., & Das, O. (2013, May). Privacy in the UK, privacy in the US: Can we learn anything from each other?. Paper presented at The Fifth Northumbria University Information Rights Conference: Changing Notions of Privacy

The paper considers the development of the “right to privacy” in the UK and US with the aim of: eliciting the definition and protection of privacy; its challenges; and, determining whether lessons can be learnt for each jurisdiction from one another Read More about Privacy in the UK, privacy in the US: Can we learn anything from each other?.

Privacy in the UK, privacy in the US - Can we learn anything from each other? (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2013, May). Privacy in the UK, privacy in the US - Can we learn anything from each other?. Paper presented at Fifth Northumbria Information Rights Conference: Changing Notions of Privacy

The UK and the US are both common law based countries that have developed distinct approaches to the protection of data and information that is private. In the US a right to privacy was first suggested by Warren and Brandeis in their famous Harvard... Read More about Privacy in the UK, privacy in the US - Can we learn anything from each other?.

Female combat exclusion in the UK armed forces: Is it still legal? (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2012, November). Female combat exclusion in the UK armed forces: Is it still legal?. Paper presented at IUS Canada Conference 2012

Women have served in the UK military for many years and today 73% of jobs are open to women in the Navy, 70% in the Army and 96% in the RAF. The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 (SDA75) , now replaced by the Equality Act 2010 , excludes discriminatory act... Read More about Female combat exclusion in the UK armed forces: Is it still legal?.

The revolutionary effect of equality and human rights law on the UK armed forces (2012)
Journal Article
Ball, R. The revolutionary effect of equality and human rights law on the UK armed forces. Manuscript submitted for publication

The UK armed forces have undergone an incremental transformation through the impact of civilian law since the 1960s. Gerry Rubin in a 2002 article for this journal analysed the impact of this civilian law on Military Law and described a course of civ... Read More about The revolutionary effect of equality and human rights law on the UK armed forces.

Discrimination in the armed forces: A comparative analysis of the impact of UK and US civilian law on the military (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2011, October). Discrimination in the armed forces: A comparative analysis of the impact of UK and US civilian law on the military. Paper presented at IUS on the Armed Forces Conference, Chicago

The civil-military relationship has predominantly been evaluated from a sociological or political science perspective. This paper examines the position of the Armed Forces within society, this so-called civil-military relationship, from a legal per... Read More about Discrimination in the armed forces: A comparative analysis of the impact of UK and US civilian law on the military.

Legitimacy of European Union law (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2011, April). Legitimacy of European Union law. Paper presented at SLSA

Much of the focus of debates on legitimacy in the past has centred on democracy and the so-called democratic deficit when analysing the polity of the EU and its laws. However, according to Scharpf there are two aspects of legitimacy, input and outpu... Read More about Legitimacy of European Union law.

The blue card directive: The EU's green card? (2010)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2010, September). The blue card directive: The EU's green card?. Paper presented at SLS Annual Conference

Directive 2009/50 (the “Blue Card” Directive) was adopted on 25 May 2009. This paper will analyse the aims and scope of the Directive along with the rights granted to holders of the Blue Card. The main part of the paper will consist of a critical co... Read More about The blue card directive: The EU's green card?.

The European and EU patents court: Is that really the best we can come up with? (2010)
Presentation / Conference
Ball, R. (2010, September). The European and EU patents court: Is that really the best we can come up with?. Paper presented at SLS Annual Conference

The subject of the creation of the EU Patent System can be traced back to 1957 , with countless faltering on the way. There appears now to be real prospects for its introduction over the course of the next five years. Part of the new system will be t... Read More about The European and EU patents court: Is that really the best we can come up with?.


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