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Learning from carers to inform the design of safe physically assistive robots - Insights from a focus group study (2022)
Conference Proceeding
Camilleri, A., Dogramadzi, S., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2022). Learning from carers to inform the design of safe physically assistive robots - Insights from a focus group study. In Proceedings of the 2022 ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (703–707)

This research investigates how professional carers physically assist frail older adults. Carers were asked to discuss their approach and steps for providing safe physical assistance and highlight hazards that assistive robots would have to deal with... Read More about Learning from carers to inform the design of safe physically assistive robots - Insights from a focus group study.

Assessing the Role of Gaze Tracking in Optimizing Humans-In-The-Loop Telerobotic Operation Using Multimodal Feedback (2021)
Journal Article
Bolarinwa, J., Eimontaite, I., Mitchell, T., Dogramadzi, S., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2021). Assessing the Role of Gaze Tracking in Optimizing Humans-In-The-Loop Telerobotic Operation Using Multimodal Feedback. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.578596

A key challenge in achieving effective robot teleoperation is minimizing teleoperators’ cognitive workload and fatigue. We set out to investigate the extent to which gaze tracking data can reveal how teleoperators interact with a system. In this stud... Read More about Assessing the Role of Gaze Tracking in Optimizing Humans-In-The-Loop Telerobotic Operation Using Multimodal Feedback.

The case for an intervention scale to design the balance of authority for robotic assistance (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Van Maris, A., Sumpter, L., Ruiz Garate, V., Kumar, P., Harper, C., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2021). The case for an intervention scale to design the balance of authority for robotic assistance. In S. Bringsjord, M. Osman Tokhi, M. Isabel Aldinhas Ferreira, N. Sundar Govindarajulu, & M. F. Silva (Eds.), Life-world for Artificial and Natural Systems - ICRES 2021 Proceedings (21-23)

According to United Nations, by 2050 over 20% of the population will be over 65 years old. Ensuring that our ageing population stays independent and healthy for as long as possible requires higher numbers of health and social care professionals than... Read More about The case for an intervention scale to design the balance of authority for robotic assistance.

Safety assessment review of a dressing assistance robot (2021)
Journal Article
Delgado Bellamy, D., Chance, G., Caleb-Solly, P., & Dogramadzi, S. (2021). Safety assessment review of a dressing assistance robot. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 8, Article 667316. https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.667316

Hazard analysis methods such as HAZOP and STPA have proven to be effective methods for assurance of system safety for years. However, the dimensionality and human factors uncertainty of many assistive robotic applications challenges the capability of... Read More about Safety assessment review of a dressing assistance robot.

Standards and regulations for physically assistive robots**Research supported by Lloyds Register Foundation, under the Assuring Antonomy International Programme (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Caleb-Solly, P., Harper, C., & Dogramadzi, S. (2021). Standards and regulations for physically assistive robots**Research supported by Lloyds Register Foundation, under the Assuring Antonomy International Programme. In 2021 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Safety for Robotics (ISR) (259-263). https://doi.org/10.1109/isr50024.2021.9419508

In this paper we consider the regulations that currently exist in relation to supporting people in the home and in different care settings. Using existing standards and guidelines that relate to assistive technology and care in the UK, we consider wh... Read More about Standards and regulations for physically assistive robots**Research supported by Lloyds Register Foundation, under the Assuring Antonomy International Programme.

Assessing and addressing ethical risk from anthropomorphism and deception in socially assistive robots (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Winkle, K., Caleb-Solly, P., Leonards, U., Turton, A., & Bremner, P. (2021). Assessing and addressing ethical risk from anthropomorphism and deception in socially assistive robots. https://doi.org/10.1145/3434073.3444666

In this paper we apply the recent concept of robot Ethical Risk Assessment to an exemplar Socially Assistive Robot (SAR); specifically considering ethical risks posed by anthropomorphism in this context. We draw on two complimentary studies to demons... Read More about Assessing and addressing ethical risk from anthropomorphism and deception in socially assistive robots.

Towards an ontological framework for environmental survey hazard analysis of autonomous systems (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Caleb-Solly, P., & Harper, C. (2021). Towards an ontological framework for environmental survey hazard analysis of autonomous systems

This paper presents current progress in the development of Environmental Survey Hazard Analysis (ESHA), a method of preliminary hazard identification aimed at autonomous system application problems. In addition to performing their design mission, aut... Read More about Towards an ontological framework for environmental survey hazard analysis of autonomous systems.

Effects of an unexpected and expected event on older adults’ autonomic arousal and eye fixations during autonomous driving (2020)
Journal Article
Stephenson, A. C., Eimontaite, I., Caleb-Solly, P., Morgan, P. L., Khatun, T., Davis, J., & Alford, C. (2020). Effects of an unexpected and expected event on older adults’ autonomic arousal and eye fixations during autonomous driving. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.571961

© Copyright © 2020 Stephenson, Eimontaite, Caleb-Solly, Morgan, Khatun, Davis and Alford. Driving cessation for some older adults can exacerbate physical, cognitive, and mental health challenges due to loss of independence and social isolation. Fully... Read More about Effects of an unexpected and expected event on older adults’ autonomic arousal and eye fixations during autonomous driving.

The utility of psychological measures in evaluating perceived usability of automated vehicle interfaces – A study with older adults (2020)
Journal Article
Voinescu, A., Morgan, P. L., Alford, C., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2020). The utility of psychological measures in evaluating perceived usability of automated vehicle interfaces – A study with older adults. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 72, 244-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2020.05.003

© 2020 Elsevier Ltd The design of the traditional vehicle human-machine interfaces (HMIs) is undergoing major change as we move towards fully connected and automated vehicles (CAVs). Given the diversity of user requirements and preferences, it is vit... Read More about The utility of psychological measures in evaluating perceived usability of automated vehicle interfaces – A study with older adults.

Towards establishing a 'cooperation' measure for coupled movement in close-proximity human-robot interaction (2020)
Presentation / Conference
Camilleri, A., Hong, J., Dogramadzi, S., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2020, May). Towards establishing a 'cooperation' measure for coupled movement in close-proximity human-robot interaction. Presented at ICRA 2020

To achieve safe close-proximity human-robot interaction , particularly for physically assitive tasks, robot motion planning needs to recognize and adapt to the behaviour of humans in the long-term. Generally, motion prediction with probabilistic conf... Read More about Towards establishing a 'cooperation' measure for coupled movement in close-proximity human-robot interaction.

Investigating the effectiveness of different interaction modalities for spatial human-robot interaction (2020)
Conference Proceeding
He, J., van Maris, A., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2020). Investigating the effectiveness of different interaction modalities for spatial human-robot interaction. https://doi.org/10.1145/3371382.3378273

With the increasing use of social robots in real environments, one of the areas of research requiring more attention is the study of human-robot interaction (HRI) when a person and robot are moving close to each other. Understanding effective ways to... Read More about Investigating the effectiveness of different interaction modalities for spatial human-robot interaction.

The impact of affective verbal expressions in social robots (2020)
Conference Proceeding
van Maris, A., Sutherland, A., Mazel, A., Dogramadzi, S., Zook, N., Studley, M., …Caleb-Solly, P. (2020). The impact of affective verbal expressions in social robots. https://doi.org/10.1145/3371382.3378358

This research investigates whether there is an ethical concern in robots misrepresenting their internal state through speech. Participants were asked to discuss their food preferences with a robot, where the robot would either respond through facts o... Read More about The impact of affective verbal expressions in social robots.

Speech related accessibility issues in social robots (2020)
Conference Proceeding
van Maris, A., Dogramadzi, S., Zook, N., Studley, M., Winfield, A., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2020). Speech related accessibility issues in social robots. In HRI '20: ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction. , (505-507). https://doi.org/10.1145/3371382.3378379

This work describes an incidental finding from a longitudinal Human-Robot Interaction study that was investigating whether a robot showing emotions during interactions with older adults was perceived differently than to a robot that did not display e... Read More about Speech related accessibility issues in social robots.

Tracking changes in user activity from unlabelled smart home sensor data using unsupervised learning methods (2020)
Journal Article
Caleb-Solly, P., Gupta, P., & McClatchey, R. (2020). Tracking changes in user activity from unlabelled smart home sensor data using unsupervised learning methods. Neural Computing and Applications, 32(16), 12351 - 12362. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-020-04737-6

© 2020, The Author(s). This paper investigates the utility of unsupervised machine learning and data visualisation for tracking changes in user activity over time. This is done through analysing unlabelled data generated from passive and ambient smar... Read More about Tracking changes in user activity from unlabelled smart home sensor data using unsupervised learning methods.

Designing ethical social robots - A longitudinal field study with older adults (2020)
Journal Article
van Maris, A., Zook, N., Caleb-Solly, P., Studley, M., Winfield, A., & Dogramadzi, S. (2020). Designing ethical social robots - A longitudinal field study with older adults. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2020.00001

Emotional deception and emotional attachment are regarded as ethical concerns in human robot interaction. Considering these concerns is essential, particularly as little is known about longitudinal effects of interactions with social robots. We ran a... Read More about Designing ethical social robots - A longitudinal field study with older adults.

Disability rights and robotics: Co-producing futures (2020)
Report
Curran, T., Savage, S., Gibson, A., Clarke, J., Morgan, S., Edwards, K., …Comandur, K. (2020). Disability rights and robotics: Co-producing futures. University of the West of England

This project brought together a team of 25 co-researchers from the University of the West of England, Fairfield Farm College and Wiltshire Centre of Independent Living. The co-researchers are a diverse group including disabled people, carers, student... Read More about Disability rights and robotics: Co-producing futures.

The use of different feedback modalities and verbal collaboration in tele-robotic assistance (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Bolarinwa, J., Eimontaite, I., Dogramadzi, S., Mitchell, T., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2019). The use of different feedback modalities and verbal collaboration in tele-robotic assistance. https://doi.org/10.1109/rose.2019.8790412

This paper explores the effects of different feedback modalities (gripper orientation via peripheral (side) vision and haptic feedback) and verbal collaboration with the service-user on the performance of tele-operators in completing a tele-robotic a... Read More about The use of different feedback modalities and verbal collaboration in tele-robotic assistance.

Collaborative HRI and machine learning for constructing personalised physical exercise databases (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Delgado Bellamy, D. M., & Caleb-Solly, P. (2019). Collaborative HRI and machine learning for constructing personalised physical exercise databases. In K. Althoefer, J. Konstantinova, & K. Zhang (Eds.), Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems (209-220). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-23807-0_18

Recent demographics indicate that we have a growing population of older adults with increasingly complex care-related needs, and a shrinking care workforce with limited resources to support them. As a result, there are a large number of research init... Read More about Collaborative HRI and machine learning for constructing personalised physical exercise databases.

The impact of different human-machine interface feedback modalities on older participants' user experience of CAVs in a simulator environment (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Eimontaite, I., Voinescu, A., Alford, C., Caleb-Solly, P., & Morgan, P. (2019). The impact of different human-machine interface feedback modalities on older participants' user experience of CAVs in a simulator environment. In Proceedings of the AHFE 2019 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation (120-132). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20503-4_11

Rapidly developing Autonomous Vehicle (AV) technology has potential to provide solutions to some of the aging population challenges, such as social isolation resulting from an inability to be independently mobile. However for AVs success, users' acce... Read More about The impact of different human-machine interface feedback modalities on older participants' user experience of CAVs in a simulator environment.

Effective persuasion strategies for socially assistive robots (2019)
Conference Proceeding
Winkle, K., Lemaignan, S., Caleb-Solly, P., Turton, A., Leonards, U., & Bremner, P. (2019). Effective persuasion strategies for socially assistive robots. In Proceedings of the 2019 ACM/IEEE Human-Robot Interaction Conference, (277-285). https://doi.org/10.1109/HRI.2019.8673313

In this paper we present the results of an experimental study investigating the application of human persuasive strategies to a social robot. We demonstrate that robot displays of goodwill and similarity to the participant significantly increased rob... Read More about Effective persuasion strategies for socially assistive robots.