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A comic-based body image intervention for adolescents in semi-rural Indian schools: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial (2022)
Journal Article
Lewis-Smith, H., Hasan, F., Ahuja, L., White, P., & Diedrichs, P. (in press). A comic-based body image intervention for adolescents in semi-rural Indian schools: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Body Image,

Adolescents in India experience body dissatisfaction, however, empirically supported interventions are lacking. This paper describes the protocol for the development, acceptability testing, and cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a six-sessi... Read More about A comic-based body image intervention for adolescents in semi-rural Indian schools: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

A novel, scalable social media-based intervention Warna-Warni Waktu to reduce body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women: Protocol for a parallel randomized controlled trial (2022)
Journal Article
Garbett, K. M., Craddock, N., Haywood, S., Nasution, K., White, P., Saraswati, L. A., …Williamson, H. (2022). A novel, scalable social media-based intervention Warna-Warni Waktu to reduce body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women: Protocol for a parallel randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.2196/33596

Background: Despite the prevalence of body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women and its consequential negative impacts, there are currently no evidence-based, culturally appropriate interventions to tackle this issue. Therefore, there is a ne... Read More about A novel, scalable social media-based intervention Warna-Warni Waktu to reduce body dissatisfaction among young Indonesian women: Protocol for a parallel randomized controlled trial.

Improving body image at scale among Brazilian adolescents: Study protocol for the co-creation and randomised trial evaluation of a chatbot intervention (2021)
Journal Article
Mora, G., Matheson, E., Smith, H., Amaral, A., Meireles, J., Almeida, M., …Diedrichs, P. (2021). Improving body image at scale among Brazilian adolescents: Study protocol for the co-creation and randomised trial evaluation of a chatbot intervention. BMC Public Health, 21(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-12129-1

Background: Body image concerns are prevalent among Brazilian adolescents and can lead to poor psychological and physical health. Yet, there is a scarcity of culturally-appropriate, evidence-based interventions that have been evaluated and made widel... Read More about Improving body image at scale among Brazilian adolescents: Study protocol for the co-creation and randomised trial evaluation of a chatbot intervention.

‘Dove Confident Me Indonesia: Single Session’: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate a school-based body image intervention among Indonesian adolescents (2021)
Journal Article
Craddock, N., Garbett, K. M., Haywood, S., Nasution, K., White, P., Saraswati, L. A., …Diedrichs, P. C. (2021). ‘Dove Confident Me Indonesia: Single Session’: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate a school-based body image intervention among Indonesian adolescents. BMC Public Health, 21(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11770-0

Background: Due to the prevalence and associated adverse health consequences of negative body image among adolescents globally, there is a need to develop acceptable, effective, and scalable interventions. School-based body image interventions delive... Read More about ‘Dove Confident Me Indonesia: Single Session’: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate a school-based body image intervention among Indonesian adolescents.

A qualitative exploration of motivations for fasting and the impact of Ramadan on eating behaviors and body image among young adult Muslim women in the United Kingdom (2021)
Journal Article
Hasan, F., Latzer, Y., Diedrichs, P. C., & Lewis-Smith, H. (2021). A qualitative exploration of motivations for fasting and the impact of Ramadan on eating behaviors and body image among young adult Muslim women in the United Kingdom. Eating Behaviors, 42, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2021.101545

Research exploring the impact of fasting in Ramadan on eating behaviors has focused on Muslim-majority countries and has neglected to examine impacts beyond the month when “normal” eating patterns resume. This study aimed to explore the experiences o... Read More about A qualitative exploration of motivations for fasting and the impact of Ramadan on eating behaviors and body image among young adult Muslim women in the United Kingdom.

Acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a school-based body image intervention in urban India: A pilot randomised controlled trial (2021)
Journal Article
Garbett, K., Lewis-Smith, H., Chaudhry, A., Schroff, H., Dhillon, M., White, P., & Diedrichs, P. C. (2021). Acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a school-based body image intervention in urban India: A pilot randomised controlled trial. Body Image, 37, 282-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.02.011

This pilot study evaluated the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a culturally adapted school-based body image intervention, Dove Confident Me, for use in urban India. Two private schools in New Delhi were randomly assigned at the school level... Read More about Acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a school-based body image intervention in urban India: A pilot randomised controlled trial.

Cultural adaptation and validation of the Body Esteem Scale for Adults and Adolescents for use in English among adolescents in urban India (2021)
Journal Article
Garbett, K., Lewis-Smith, H., Chaudhry, A., Uglik-Marucha, N., Vitoratou, S., Shroff, H., …Diedrichs, P. (2021). Cultural adaptation and validation of the Body Esteem Scale for Adults and Adolescents for use in English among adolescents in urban India. Body Image, 37, 246-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.02.012

Body image research is growing in India; however, there are no psychometrically valid measures to assess body image concerns among an Indian population. In this study, the Body Esteem Scale for Adults and Adolescents (BESAA) underwent adaptation and... Read More about Cultural adaptation and validation of the Body Esteem Scale for Adults and Adolescents for use in English among adolescents in urban India.

Game on! A randomised controlled trial evaluation of playable technology in improving body satisfaction and negative affect among adolescents (2021)
Journal Article
Matheson, E. L., Smith, H., Lewis-Smith, H., Arbon, R., & Diedrichs, P. (in press). Game on! A randomised controlled trial evaluation of playable technology in improving body satisfaction and negative affect among adolescents. New Media and Society, https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444821993800

Playables are mini-games used in digital advertising and may offer a novel and engaging avenue to improve young people’s well-being at scale. This randomised controlled trial evaluated the immediate impact and protective properties of a psychoeducati... Read More about Game on! A randomised controlled trial evaluation of playable technology in improving body satisfaction and negative affect among adolescents.

Assessing the impact of body image concerns on functioning across life domains: Development and validation of the Body Image Life Disengagement Questionnaire (BILD-Q) among British adolescents (2021)
Journal Article
Diedrichs, P. C., & Atkinson, M. J. (2021). Assessing the impact of body image concerns on functioning across life domains: Development and validation of the Body Image Life Disengagement Questionnaire (BILD-Q) among British adolescents. Body Image, 37, 63-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2021.01.009

Assessing the impact of body image on engagement in a range of life domains is important; however, there is a lack of validated measures for adolescents. The current research developed the Body Image Life Disengagement Questionnaire (BILD-Q) and vali... Read More about Assessing the impact of body image concerns on functioning across life domains: Development and validation of the Body Image Life Disengagement Questionnaire (BILD-Q) among British adolescents.

Examining the efficacy of video-based microinterventions for improving risk and protective factors for disordered eating among young adult women (2021)
Journal Article
Atkinson, M., & Diedrichs, P. (2021). Examining the efficacy of video-based microinterventions for improving risk and protective factors for disordered eating among young adult women. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 54(5), 708-720. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23460

Objective: Brief self-guided activities designed for focused and immediate benefits, termed microinterventions, have the potential to aid reach and engagement in mental health interventions; however further validation is needed. This study evaluated... Read More about Examining the efficacy of video-based microinterventions for improving risk and protective factors for disordered eating among young adult women.

Adaptation and validation of the Internalisation-General subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) in English among urban Indian adolescents (2021)
Journal Article
Lewis-Smith, H., Garbett, K., Chaudhry, A., Uglik-Marucha, N., Vitoratou, S., Dhillon, M., …Diedrichs, P. C. (2021). Adaptation and validation of the Internalisation-General subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) in English among urban Indian adolescents. Body Image, 36, 254-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.12.004

Few studies have validated body image related measures in Asian countries, including in India, thus stunting research progress. To provide a robust method of assessing internalisation of cultural appearance ideals, the purpose of this study was to va... Read More about Adaptation and validation of the Internalisation-General subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3) in English among urban Indian adolescents.

Adaptation and validation of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire in English among urban Indian adolescents (2020)
Journal Article
Lewis-Smith, H., Garbett, K. M., Chaudhry, A., Uglik-Marucha, N., Vitoratou, S., Dhillon, M., …Diedrichs, P. C. (2021). Adaptation and validation of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire in English among urban Indian adolescents. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 54(2), 187-202. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23431

Objective: Eating pathology is a salient issue in India, with clinical features reported among adults and adolescents. However, there are currently no validated measures of disordered eating in the Indian context. The present study therefore aimed to... Read More about Adaptation and validation of the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire in English among urban Indian adolescents.

Evaluating the ‘Dove Confident Me’ 5-session body image intervention delivered by teachers in schools: A cluster randomised controlled effectiveness trial (2020)
Journal Article
Diedrichs, P. C., Atkinson, M. J., Garbett, K. M., & Leckie, G. (2021). Evaluating the ‘Dove Confident Me’ 5-session body image intervention delivered by teachers in schools: A cluster randomised controlled effectiveness trial. Journal of Adolescent Health, 68(2), 331-341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.10.001

© 2020 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine Purpose: Body dissatisfaction is common during adolescence and predicts poor psychological and physical health. Interventions have traditionally overrelied on delivery by external providers (e.g., res... Read More about Evaluating the ‘Dove Confident Me’ 5-session body image intervention delivered by teachers in schools: A cluster randomised controlled effectiveness trial.

The effectiveness of brief animated films as a scalable micro-intervention to improve children’s body image: A randomised controlled trial (2020)
Journal Article
Matheson, E., Lewis-Smith, H., & Diedrichs, P. (2020). The effectiveness of brief animated films as a scalable micro-intervention to improve children’s body image: A randomised controlled trial. Body Image, 35, 142-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.08.015

Creating media to counteract the plethora of media and advertising that perpetuates negative body image is a scalable public health strategy that can be achieved through innovative micro-interventions. This study examined the immediate and short-ter... Read More about The effectiveness of brief animated films as a scalable micro-intervention to improve children’s body image: A randomised controlled trial.

Psychological and sociocultural influences on body image among midlife women with and without a history of breast cancer: Testing the Tripartite Influence Model of Body Image (2020)
Journal Article
Lewis-Smith, H., Diedrichs, P. C., Bond, R., & Harcourt, D. (2020). Psychological and sociocultural influences on body image among midlife women with and without a history of breast cancer: Testing the Tripartite Influence Model of Body Image. Body Image, 35, 114-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2020.08.011

Body image concerns are common among breast cancer survivors and women in midlife. However, effective interventions are lacking for breast cancer survivors. This may be related to prior research having examined non-modifiable and medicalised influenc... Read More about Psychological and sociocultural influences on body image among midlife women with and without a history of breast cancer: Testing the Tripartite Influence Model of Body Image.

One size does not fit all: Trajectories of body image development and their predictors in early adolescence (2020)
Journal Article
Lacroix, E., Atkinson, M. J., Garbett, K. M., & Diedrichs, P. C. (2022). One size does not fit all: Trajectories of body image development and their predictors in early adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 34(1), 285 - 294. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0954579420000917

Background: Negative body image predicts many adverse outcomes. The current study prospectively examined patterns of body esteem development in early adolescence and identified predictors of developmental subtypes. Methods: 328 girls and 429 boys rep... Read More about One size does not fit all: Trajectories of body image development and their predictors in early adolescence.

Looking to the future: Priorities for translating research to impact in the field of appearance and body image (2019)
Journal Article
Jankowski, G. S., Alleva, J. M., Atkinson, M., Stock, N., Piran, N., Riley, S., …Williamson, H. (2020). Looking to the future: Priorities for translating research to impact in the field of appearance and body image. Body Image, 32, 53-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.10.006

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd The field of body image and appearance research and practice is progressing; however, there is still work to be done to ensure broad societal impact. This article consolidates reflections from a range of established and early care... Read More about Looking to the future: Priorities for translating research to impact in the field of appearance and body image.

Body Image, Esteem, and Dissatisfaction During Childhood (2019)
Book Chapter
Paraskeva, N., & Diedrichs, P. Body Image, Esteem, and Dissatisfaction During Childhood. In Encyclopedia of Child and Adolescent Development. Wiley

This entry outlines empirical evidence for the key influences on children’s body image. It reviews the prevalence of body image concerns during childhood and examines the biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors that can influence childre... Read More about Body Image, Esteem, and Dissatisfaction During Childhood.

Cognitive-behavioral roots of body image therapy and prevention (2019)
Journal Article
Lewis-Smith, H., Diedrichs, P. C., & Halliwell, E. (2019). Cognitive-behavioral roots of body image therapy and prevention. Body Image, 31, 309-320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.08.009

The existing array of evidence-based body image prevention and intervention approaches has evolvedover time. However, the majority originated directly or indirectly from a cognitive-behavioral conceptu-alisation of body image pioneered by Thomas F. C... Read More about Cognitive-behavioral roots of body image therapy and prevention.

Systematic review of body image measures (2019)
Journal Article
Kling, J., Kwakkenbos, L., Diedrichs, P. C., Rumsey, N., Frisén, A., Brandão, M. P., …Fitzgerald, A. (2019). Systematic review of body image measures. Body Image, 30, 170-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2019.06.006

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This systematic review synthesizes and critically appraises measurement properties of influential body image measures. Eight measures that met the definition of an assessment of body image (i.e., an... Read More about Systematic review of body image measures.