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Effects of valent image-based secondary tasks on verbal working memory (2018)
Journal Article
Hughes, N. C., Ings, F. M., Morgan, P. L., Morgan, P., Williams, C., Ings, F., & Hughes, N. (2018). Effects of valent image-based secondary tasks on verbal working memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(6), 1440-1456. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1329324

Two experiments examined if exposure to emotionally valent image-based secondary tasks introduced at different points of a free recall working memory (WM) task impair memory performance. Images from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) v... Read More about Effects of valent image-based secondary tasks on verbal working memory.

Press accept to update now: Individual differences in susceptibility to malevolent interruptions (2017)
Journal Article
Joinson, A. N., Williams, E. J., & Morgan, P. (2017). Press accept to update now: Individual differences in susceptibility to malevolent interruptions. Decision Support Systems, 96, 119-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dss.2017.02.014

© 2017 The Authors Increasingly, connected communication technologies have resulted in people being exposed to fraudulent communications by scammers and hackers attempting to gain access to computer systems for malicious purposes. Common influence te... Read More about Press accept to update now: Individual differences in susceptibility to malevolent interruptions.

Changes in new recruits’ motivation and intention to use a learning portfolio: A longitudinal investigation (2017)
Journal Article
Tombs, M., & Morgan, P. (2017). Changes in new recruits’ motivation and intention to use a learning portfolio: A longitudinal investigation. Police Journal, 91(2), 188-202. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032258X17699227

The purpose of the study was to examine motivation and intention to complete a learning portfolio. Seventy newly recruited Police Community Support Officers(PCSOs) at a UK police constabulary completed questionnaires at four different time points dur... Read More about Changes in new recruits’ motivation and intention to use a learning portfolio: A longitudinal investigation.

Manual takeover and handover of a simulated fully autonomous vehicle within urban and extra urban settings (2017)
Book Chapter
Morgan, P., Alford, C., Williams, C., Parkhurst, G., & Pipe, A. G. (2017). Manual takeover and handover of a simulated fully autonomous vehicle within urban and extra urban settings. In N. A. Stanton (Ed.), Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation: Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Transportation, 760-771. Springer

Relatively little is known about human behavior and performance when retaking control of highly autonomous vehicles (AVs) at different speeds and under varied driving conditions. Past research has tended to focus on long periods of high-speed extra-u... Read More about Manual takeover and handover of a simulated fully autonomous vehicle within urban and extra urban settings.

Affective appraisals of urban walking: The role of heritage environments (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Bornioli, A., Parkhurst, G., Morgan, P., & Short, M. (2016, January). Affective appraisals of urban walking: The role of heritage environments. Paper presented at Universities Transport Study Group Annual Conference

A recent “affective turn” in the social sciences has given new emphasis to the role of affect and emotions in influencing human behaviours (Damasio 2006). Affective experiences can also have major implications on travel behaviours with; investigation... Read More about Affective appraisals of urban walking: The role of heritage environments.

Handover issues in autonomous driving: A literature review (2016)
Report
Morgan, P., Alford, C., & Parkhurst, G. (2016). Handover issues in autonomous driving: A literature review

The present review was undertaken to inform a workpackage of the Venturer Project undertaking studies into the handover of control between a human driver and an autonomous road vehicle. The ‘handover problem’ arises as a feature of the development of... Read More about Handover issues in autonomous driving: A literature review.

The effects of emotive interruptions and distractions on memory recall (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Morgan, P., Hughes, N., Williams, C., Ings, F. M., & Alford, C. (2015, August). The effects of emotive interruptions and distractions on memory recall. Poster presented at 2015 Electrical Geodesics Summer School

Interruptions divert attention from a task, whereas distractions occur in the background or alongside a task and can be ignored. Both can disrupt working memory (WM). However, little is known about the effects of emotive interruptions and distraction... Read More about The effects of emotive interruptions and distractions on memory recall.

The influence of training and experience on memory strategy (2015)
Journal Article
Morgan, P. L., Patrick, J., Morgan, P., Smy, V., Tiley, L., Seeby, H., …Evans, J. (2015). The influence of training and experience on memory strategy. Memory and Cognition, 43(5), 775-787. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-014-0501-3

© 2015, Psychonomic Society, Inc. This paper investigates whether, and if so how much, prior training and experience overwrite the influence of the constraints of the task environment on strategy deployment. This evidence is relevant to the theory of... Read More about The influence of training and experience on memory strategy.

The emotional side of task interruption: Effects on memory recall (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Morgan, P., Hughes, N., Ings, F. M., & Williams, C. (2015, July). The emotional side of task interruption: Effects on memory recall. Paper presented at Experimental Psychology Society Summer 2015 Meeting

Being interrupted whilst performing a task tends to impair subsequent performance on measures such as memory recall. However, little is known about the effects of interruptions with an emotive content which is surprising given how often they occur.... Read More about The emotional side of task interruption: Effects on memory recall.

Designing interfaces to encourage more intensive and effective cognitive processing (2014)
Presentation / Conference
Patrick, J., Morgan, P., Tiley, L., Smy, V., & Seeby, H. (2014, June). Designing interfaces to encourage more intensive and effective cognitive processing. Paper presented at The 16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction

Cognitive engineering aims to provide operators with immediate access to as much relevant information as possible. However, this can encourage display-based strategies that do not involve committing information to memory. To overcome this problem, a... Read More about Designing interfaces to encourage more intensive and effective cognitive processing.

A novel approach to cognitive engineering: Manipulating access cost (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Morgan, P., Smy, V., Seeby, H., & Patrick, J. (2013, July). A novel approach to cognitive engineering: Manipulating access cost. Poster presented at The 15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI)

The traditional approach to cognitive engineering involves reducing workload by providing operators with immediately accessible relevant information. We suggest that such immediate access may not always improve human performance. Somewhat counter-int... Read More about A novel approach to cognitive engineering: Manipulating access cost.

Paying the price works: Increasing goal-state access cost improves problem solving and mitigates the effect of interruption (2013)
Journal Article
Morgan, P. L., Morgan, P., & Patrick, J. (2013). Paying the price works: Increasing goal-state access cost improves problem solving and mitigates the effect of interruption. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66(1), 160-178. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2012.702117

The aim of this paper was to investigate whether it was possible to induce more internal planning in the four-disk Tower of Hanoi (ToH) in order not only to produce more efficient problem solving but also to make it more resistant to the negative eff... Read More about Paying the price works: Increasing goal-state access cost improves problem solving and mitigates the effect of interruption.

Improving the effectiveness of an interruption lag by inducing a memory-based strategy (2013)
Journal Article
Morgan, P. L., Morgan, P., Patrick, J., & Tiley, L. (2013). Improving the effectiveness of an interruption lag by inducing a memory-based strategy. Acta Psychologica, 142(1), 87-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.09.003

The memory for goals model (Altmann & Trafton, 2002) posits the importance of a short delay (the 'interruption lag') before an interrupting task to encode suspended goals for retrieval post-interruption. Two experiments used the theory of soft constr... Read More about Improving the effectiveness of an interruption lag by inducing a memory-based strategy.

Out of sequence communications can affect causal judgement (2012)
Journal Article
King, S. L., Morgan, P. L., Patrick, J., Bott, L., Morgan, P., & King, S. L. (2012). Out of sequence communications can affect causal judgement. Thinking and Reasoning, 18(2), 133-158. https://doi.org/10.1080/13546783.2012.658240

In some practical uncertain situations decision makers are presented with described events that are out of sequence when having to make a causal attribution. A theoretical perspective concerning the causal coherence of the explanation is developed to... Read More about Out of sequence communications can affect causal judgement.

Exploiting the soft constraints hypothesis to mitigate interruption effects (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Patrick, J., Morgan, P., & Smy, V. (2011, July). Exploiting the soft constraints hypothesis to mitigate interruption effects. Poster presented at 33rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society

The soft constraints hypothesis (Gray et al., 2006) posits that a more memory-based strategy is induced with increasing costs of accessing goal-state information. This relationship was used advantageously to reduce forgetting in an interrupted visuo... Read More about Exploiting the soft constraints hypothesis to mitigate interruption effects.

Designing interfaces that encourage a more effortful cognitive strategy (2010)
Presentation / Conference
Morgan, P., & Patrick, J. (2010, October). Designing interfaces that encourage a more effortful cognitive strategy. Paper presented at 54th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

Typically, interface design attempts to minimize cognitive load by providing immediately accessible task-relevant information. However, this may have the unintended consequence of encouraging display-based strategies that minimize the degree of cogni... Read More about Designing interfaces that encourage a more effortful cognitive strategy.


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